Suprastin is an effective antihistamine drug of the first generation. It is often prescribed to prevent and facilitate the course of allergies. In otolaryngology this substance is used to reduce swelling of the mucous membranes of the ears and nose. Do not take the drug yourself. It must be prescribed by a doctor.
Indications for use
This medication has the following indications:
- Infectious organ damage - rhinitis, otitis, sinusitis. Suprastin allows you to eliminate the swelling of the mucous membranes and improve the prognosis for these diseases.
- Allergic pathology - pollinosis, angioedema. The same group includes conjunctivitis, runny nose, urticaria.
- Skin pathologies - dermatitis, rashes, eczema.
- Presence of asthma.
Allergic edema before and after application of Suprastin
The main substance of the drug is chloropyramine hydrochloride. The drug is produced in the form of tablets, which have a dosage of 25 mg. They have a white or gray-white hue.
There is also a solution for injection. It has a transparent consistency and a faint smell. In one ampoule of the drug, 20 mg of chloropyramine hydrochloride is present.
Schemes of application
In complex cases, parenteral application is indicated. Initially, the substance must be administered intravenously, after which it should be used intramuscularly in the form of injections. After improving the condition, the drug should be taken in the form of tablets.
Adults prescribe 20-40 mg of the drug, which is 1-2 ml of the solution. For children from 1 month to 1 year, 5 mg of active substance is used. From year to 6 years, the use of 10 mg is indicated, and children of 14 years are 10-20 mg.
Subsequently, the treatment is selected taking into account side effects. The maximum allowable daily volume is 2 mg per 1 kg of body weight.
Today, there are no full studies on the use of the substance in pregnancy. Therefore, it is prescribed only when the benefit to the mother is higher than the risk of negative consequences for the baby. If you need to apply the product during breastfeeding, it should be stopped.
Interaction with other medications
The substance is combined with sedatives, antidepressants, sympatholytic drugs. You also need to monitor the condition when combined with MAO inhibitors, analgesics, tranquilizers. Such combinations lead to an increase in the effect of these drugs.
Side effects of
In some cases, suprastin provokes the development of negative effects:
- The nervous system reacts to its use by the appearance of drowsiness, tremor, irritability, sleep disturbances. A person may experience lethargy and anxiety.
- When the digestive organs are affected, dry mouth, problems with stool, nausea and vomiting are observed.
- If there are problems in the functioning of the heart and blood vessels, there is a risk of tachycardia or arrhythmia. In some cases, the elderly are under pressure.
- With allergies, people come across a rash on the skin and a sensation of itching.
For elderly people, as well as if there are heart and liver pathologies before starting therapy, you need to get a doctor's consultation. The same applies to patients who have hypertrophy of the prostate, a violation of the outflow of urine and a closed-angle glaucoma. If you use the drug before bed, there is a risk of increasing signs of reflux esophagitis.
Many people are wondering whether it is necessary to give suprastin to children before vaccination.
Restrictions on the use of the remedy include:
- exacerbation of asthma;
- for newborns, children under one year;
- intolerance means.
Despite the fact that suprastin is part of the first generation of drugs, it has many advantages. The product does not cause significant harm to the body, but it helps to quickly eliminate allergies and swelling. The effect comes in just half an hour.
The drug is much cheaper than second-generation drugs. At the same time, in terms of efficiency and safety indicators, it is not much inferior to these drugs.
The product is recommended to be stored out of the children's access area. The temperature should be 15-25 degrees. After 5 years from the date of manufacture, the remedy should not be used.
Instructions for the preparation Suprastin in our video:
Price for Suprastin
The cost of the medication directly depends on the dosage and form of release. On average, the drug will cost 120-150 rubles.
The main analogs of suprastin include such drugs as chloropyramine and chloropyramine-ferein.
Suprastin is considered an effective medication, which quickly suppresses allergic reactions. In the ENT-practice it is used to eliminate the swelling of the mucous membranes. Due to this, it is possible to cope with nasal congestion, rhinitis, otitis, or sinusitis.