When referring to the arrhythmia class, the lower atrial rhythm is manifested in the violation of the sinusoid manifestation of the heart contractions. In this case, there is a violation of the contractions of the heart, and this can cause serious organic violations.
The lower atrial rhythm is one of the main types of cardiac arrhythmias that cause certain negative changes in the patient's condition, in particular discomfort, disruption of the habitual way of life and a significant restriction in active movement. Arising at an uneven rhythm in the activity of the sinus node, the lower atrial rhythm is an abnormal contraction of the myocardium.
Features of the violation of
This type of cardiac arrhythmia is considered one of the most common in people with any cardiac pathology. And the identification of the so-called "replacement rhythm" is simple enough, because it is shorter than the long one, which can be audibly heard by a professional during an appropriate survey.
Since the etiology of
this cardiac pathology presupposes the presence of physiological causes provoking this condition, as well as objective reasons that may become provoking factors, it will not be enough to completely isolate this type of cardiac arrhythmia from one disease detection and treatment. It is necessary to identify those predisposing factors that could cause the manifestation of the lower atrial rhythm.
The danger of this condition consists in the possibility of further deepening of the symptoms, as well as in a significant limitation of the possibilities of the sick person. A danger to life is also present, and this is especially true if there are additional serious diseases.
About what it is and whether the ectopic, accelerated, transient lower atrial heart rhythm is dangerous, read on.
Classification of the lower atrial rhythm
There is a definite classification of this pathological state of contractions of the cardiac muscle. In accordance with it, several main types of lower atrial rhythm are distinguished:
- is an ectopic rhythm, which is caused by the automatism observed in any part of the myocardium. This type of rhythm appears as a substitute, and their frequency is much less in comparison with the sinus rhythm of a healthy heart;
- is a transient lower atrial rhythm characterized by the occurrence of complete or incomplete blockade of the right side of the heart. The manifestation of this variety is impermanent, transient;
- the accelerated rhythm is most often manifested when vagotonia, when inflammatory or age-related changes in the heart begin to manifest.
For the reasons for the appearance of the lower atrial rhythm, see below.
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The most commonly lower atrial rhythm is found in people who are elderly: by this time they do not have a number of chronic diseases, which can also cause the onset of various types of heart pathologies. To the most frequent provocative reasons for the occurrence of this type of arrhythmia include diseases such as:
- of any kind of cardiac disturbance;
- ischemic disease;
- heart failure.
However, if a disease is detected, this pathology can be diagnosed as congenital;in this case the disease completely can not be cured.
At the lower atrial rhythm, the manifestations characteristic of any type of cardiac pathology are especially frequent. Symptoms of the lower atrial rhythm include the following:
- painfulness with deep breathing or sudden movements;
- acute pain when getting a great physical exertion;
- occurrence of palpable failures in the rhythm of the heart and discomfort from this condition.
Incorrect rhythm and heart rate most often cause a call to a cardiologist, as this causes a deterioration in the general condition of the patient.
The detection of this pathological condition begins with the definition of subjective manifestations of the patient. Characteristic for low-atriovent rhythm symptoms usually become the first manifestations of the disease, on the basis of which a cardiologist can be presaged.
Subsequent studies of the lower atrial rhythm are based on ECG.With the help of this procedure it becomes possible to determine the presence of malfunctions in the heart rate and heart rate. Also, a general and biochemical blood test is appointed by the doctor, with the help of which it becomes possible to determine the presence of serious disorders in the functioning of the thyroid gland, as well as the entire endocrine system in general.
The doctor for a more detailed study can be assigned to submit a general urine test, his data help determine the etiology of the disease, and will also allow for more correct treatment in each case.
Treatment of lower atrial rhythm can occur in several main directions.
Elimination of the root cause of the disease, mandatory medication and preventive measures will help to completely stop the pathological process and normalize the patient's condition.
The most important point in obtaining excellent results in the treatment of this disease is the elimination of the causes that triggered the appearance of lower atrial rhythm. Since many serious diseases can provoke this pathological condition, it is first of all necessary to eliminate the root cause of the appearance of the pathology of the heart. The final cure for chronic diseases is considered an important condition for the success of curing the lower atrial rhythm.
- It is also important to adhere to a certain diet, which largely limits the consumption of fatty, sweet and excessively salty foods, excludes the use of alcoholic beverages and foods that contain preservatives.
- Additional application of physiotherapy procedures in combination with acupuncture sessions will help to eliminate unpleasant manifestations of this cardiac pathology.
As a treatment for detecting the lower atriovent rhythm, a cardiologist is prescribed the use of antiarrhythmic drugs that stabilize the heart rate and rhythm, as well as the speed of pulses transmitted from the heart.
The prescription of a specific medication is performed by a doctor, taking into account the specificity of the disease in the patient and the presence of chronic diseases.
In the absence of significant results in drug and therapeutic treatments, surgical intervention can be prescribed that helps to resolve the problem. However, the operation requires a long recovery period.
Compliance with a diet that restricts the consumption of fatty, canned and excessively sweet or salty foods, as well as following the advice of a cardiologist, helps to avoid cardiac dysfunction, therefore the following measures can be recommended as preventive measures:
- adherence to a prescribed diet;
- active lifestyle;
- elimination of factors provoking deviations in the work of the heart;
- regular screening for the prevention of cardiologist.
In the absence of the necessary treatment, complications can occur that adversely affect the state of the heart system as a whole. There are likely relapses of the disease - it is possible with not completely cured diseases that provoked the disease.
Deterioration of the patient's condition, severe arrhythmia and increased symptoms of lower atrial rhythm( chest pains, weakness and lack of stability during physical activity) are the main manifestations in the failure of treatment of this pathological condition.
Survival in the detection of this cardiac pathology is quite high. The main condition is its timely diagnosis.
With the correct treatment regimen and absence of neglected chronic diseases, which can lead to aggravation of the patient's condition, the survival rate is about 89-96%.This is a high indicator and can be an incentive for the beginning of timely and adequate treatment for diagnosing the lower atrial heart rate.
On some methods of treatment of various types of arrhythmias at home, the following video will tell. But remember: self-medication can be dangerous: