If the patient is diagnosed as polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, this can not be called a mere trifling disease. Tumor-like formations that grow from the mucous membrane of the stomach or intestine( less often the esophagus), give the person a lot of physiological problems.
The most terrible thing in their presence on the walls of the digestive organs is that growing, they very quickly become malignant and degenerate into cancer. Therefore, if they are found in the gastrointestinal tract of these neoplasms, an urgent operation is required to remove them.
After its carrying out, the patient needs constant observation from a specialist with carrying out all the diagnostic tests that are supposed in such a diagnosis as polyps. This is considered necessary due to the fact that once detected and removed neoplasms are prone to re-growth.
What diagnostic tests are needed for polyps?
When there is a suspicion of the presence of these tumor-like outgrowths in the intestine or stomach, the dia
gnosis from the patient's words, based solely on his feelings and description of the signs available to him, can not be put.
Single benign neoplasms or their clusters that indicate the development of polyposis are detected only by special diagnostic methods that are performed by a specialist in a hospital.
The diagnosis indicating the presence of polyps is confirmed by endoscopic( colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy), and X-ray( irrigoscopy) research methods. If there are suspicions of the presence of these defects in the digestive organs, only such methods can confirm or disprove this.
With the help of endoscopic equipment it is possible not only to determine the presence of individual polyps or their clumps( polyposis) in hollow digestive organs and to diagnose them accordingly. When using this method of diagnosis, you can also take, if necessary, to confirm the suspicion of malignancy of the tumor, a piece of affected tissue.
It is necessary in order to reveal under the microscope the histology of the pathology and determine the nature of the tissue corresponding to this polyp. This also provides significant help in determining the exact diagnosis that corresponds to this neoplasm.
Diagnostics with the endoscopic method also makes it possible, when confirming the suspicion of the presence of these benign outgrowths in the digestive organs, to perform therapeutic therapy consisting in removing the polyp and cauterizing the remaining bleeding vessel in its place.
Is it possible to detect polyps with a colonoscopy?
Also, in order to determine the presence of these abnormalities in the digestive organs, specialists often resort to a colonoscopy, which makes it possible to examine simultaneously the entire length of the intestine( 1.5 m), and to accurately detect the presence of defects in it.
The possibilities of colonoscopy for the diagnosis of polyps are as follows:
- With this procedure it is possible to assess the general condition of the intestine;
- Consider any defects that have occurred in this body, displaying their image on the screen;
- In those areas of the intestine where there are pathological changes, it is possible to make a biopsy for the most accurate definition of the good or malignant of the pathological process;
- Carry out small operations on the walls of the intestine to remove small in size defects, and burn, beginning to bleed the vessel, thus eliminating the cause that caused intestinal bleeding.
From all of the above, it can be seen that this method of research is the most informative and gives very great opportunities for identifying the disease. Therefore, he is given the greatest preference by all specialists.
What causes suspicion of a diagnosis of "polyp"?
In the digestive organs, it is quite difficult to determine the presence of this pathology with respect to the corresponding symptomatology, since the tumorous neoplasms rarely show themselves. Usually the following signs may indicate their presumed presence:
- Painful sensations in the abdomen, epigastrium or behind the breastbone, sometimes giving in the back and not often having a pronounced character;
- Presumably the diagnosis of polyps may indicate spotting in vomit or stool;
- The presence of an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, heartburn and eructation can also contribute to the detection of tumors.
In addition to these symptoms, when confirming this diagnosis, fast saturation can often be observed, as well as a significant decrease or total absence of appetite, general weakness and fatigue. But in connection with the fact that all listed signs are not specific, but common, an exact diagnosis, indicating the presence of polyps, can only be supplied by a doctor.
For the most part, the diagnosis that corresponds to this disease is made after the accidental determination of the presence of polyps on the walls of the stomach or intestine. Usually this happens in the case when a diagnostic study for any inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The very signs of polyposis of the digestive tract organs are sufficiently lubricated and resemble inflammatory diseases of the stomach or intestine. Usually, this does not cause patients much embarrassment and does not force you to see a doctor urgently for an accurate diagnosis, and the risk of untimely detection of polyps leads to their proliferation and transformation into cancer.
Therefore, even the slightest signs corresponding to this diagnosis, which are usually dismissed, considering them an ordinary digestive disorder, are the reason for immediate reference to a specialist.
This is necessary in order to pass the necessary diagnostic tests as soon as possible and confirm, or omit the suspicions that are present, indicating the presence of polyps.
Such a method will make it possible in time to detect the polyps in the patient, make the appropriate diagnosis, and begin timely treatment, which will not leave the pathology of the chances for further development.