Angina in common people or scientifically acute tonsillitis - is considered an infectious disease, manifested by inflammation of the tonsils. There are many medications that help to cope with this problem. One of the most common, as well as effective, is Lugol.
This is a rather old and proven tool for years, used in adults, children with various inflammatory, purulent processes in the pharynx, oral cavity. Its antiseptic properties allow you to cope with various types of bacteria that cause serious diseases.
Composition, form of release, packing
As an active component in the preparation Lugol is an aqueous solution of iodine. To mitigate the effect, another component, glycerin, was added to the formulation of the drug. Also to the auxiliary substances can be attributed potassium iodide, which ensures maximum dissolution of iodine.
Lugol is a half transparent liquid of bright orange or brown color. To date, the drug Lugol is available only in the form of a solution.
The concentration of iodine in the solution can be 1% or 1.25%.The solution is bottled from the darkened glass in a volume of 20 to 60 ml and is placed in a cardboard box. Also, Lugol can be released in a spray format.
Pharmacies mainly present a preparation produced by two well-known manufacturers. This is the Russian "Doctor" and the Lithuanian "Valentis".The company "The doctor produces the product in dark vials of different capacity( 25-60 ml), while the Lithuanian pharmaceutical company only in volume of 50 ml.
Most often, Lugol is prescribed for the detection of inflammatory, infectious processes in the oral cavity, larynx and pharynx. Apply this drug mainly for uncomplicated catarrhal angina.
Use Lugol in angina contraindicated in people who are hypersensitive to the components of the drug. Most often, unwanted reactions cause molecular iodine, but when other components are intolerant, the drug should also not be used.
With care, Lugol is prescribed to patients with kidney or liver disease, as well as dermatitis( herpetiform), thyrotoxicosis.
When pregnant, the drug presents a serious danger to the developing fetus, especially during the 2-3 trimester of pregnancy when used for more than 4 days. Molecular iodine is able to penetrate into the milk, then affect the performance of the thyroid gland in a baby. Therefore, its use by nursing mothers is not recommended.
Mechanism of action
The medicinal preparation has a powerful antibacterial, antiseptic effect. Lugol works with both gram-negative and gram-positive flora. It is capable of destroying pathogenic microorganisms, including yeast fungi. With the proper use of the drug, even staphylococci resistant to iodine preparations die.
With angina, it is most convenient to purchase Lugol Spray. The medicine is evenly distributed over the inflamed surface, penetrating into the most inaccessible places. Antimicrobial action begins immediately, so the period of recovery is significantly reduced. But since Lugol is a medicinal product, it is not recommended to use it without consulting a doctor.
How to treat a child with Lugol's throat, see in our video:
Instruction for use
Lugol is applied topically several times a day( 4-6).In order to anoint the ligule of the pharynx with angina, gauze tampons moistened with a drug are used. The drug has acrid taste and slightly irritates the surface of the mucous membranes.
It is therefore possible to produce treatment in several approaches, if the area of the inflammation is extensive. With angina with follicles on padded or gauze tampons there are traces of pus.
It is much easier to apply the drug in the form of a spray. It is sprayed neatly into the mouth( enough about 4-5 injections in different directions).At the time of treatment, hold the breath for a few seconds, to avoid getting into the upper respiratory tract. The course of treatment should not exceed 10 days.
Avoid contact with eyes. If this trouble is not avoided, rinse immediately with plenty of water or with a special solution of sodium sulfate.
How to use Lugol
Side effects of
Although Lugol has practically no contraindications, but can cause a number of side effects:
With excessive use of Lugol as a medicine for sore throat, the following symptoms may appear:
- upper respiratory tract irritation;
- burns the pharynx or trachea;
- if ingested irritation of the gastrointestinal tract;
- signs of hemolysis and its further development;
- 300 ml of the drug is considered a lethal dose.
In case of an overdose, the treatment is as follows: gastric lavage with solutions of sodium hydrogen carbonate and thiosulfate. Also, 30 percent sodium thiosulfate is administered intravenously( about 300 mL).
When treating large areas of mucous membranes or skin with a drug, it can be rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, followed by the deposition of excess iodine in the thyroid gland.
This information is important to people who have diseases of this body.
Lugol is not able to influence the functioning of the nervous system, therefore, activities that require concentration of attention during treatment are not contraindicated.
Driving vehicles is also permitted.
With the simultaneous use of Lugol's solution with drugs that contain sodium thiosulfate, the effect of the application is reduced to almost zero. Pus, blood on the surface of the mucous with angina also reduces the effectiveness of the agent.
Iodine, which is part of Lugol, is able to oxidize metals, so it is completely incompatible with drugs that contain different metal compounds. Also, the remedy is not recommended for use with essential oils, as well as pharmacological solutions of ammonia.
Over 80% of reviews about Lugol's sprays and solutions are positive. It is thanks to the high effectiveness of the drug that recovery comes much faster. It is also used to rinse the throat in diluted form
Patients when using the drug note the following:
- relieves sore throat;
- heals even large ulcers;
- eliminates inflammation.
Dr. Komarovsky's comments on the use of Lugol:
Price for Lugol
The price for Lugol's medicinal product is in a wide range, as each pharmaceutical company sets its own prices. On average, a bottle of 50 ml solution will have to pay about 50-60 rubles. The spray costs a little more, the same bottle will cost 90-110 rubles.
There are many similar drugs to Lugol today. Analogical agents contain other active substances, but in terms of treatment they act exactly the same. They include:
- Betadine( ointment);
To cheap analogues of Lugol, which cost less than 50 rubles can be attributed:
- Iod-Ka( from 40 rubles);
- Aquazan( from 35 rubles);
- Povidone-iodine( from 20 rubles).
Sprays for the treatment of throat diseases
The only synonym for the drug is Lugol's solution with glycerin.
Conditions for dispensing from pharmacies
Allowed to leave without prescriptions.
Storage conditions and expiration date
Lugol should be stored away from ultraviolet( solar) rays, as they greatly accelerate the decay of active iodine. The maximum storage temperature is not more than 25 degrees Celsius. Shelf life of the medicinal product is 3 years from the date of packaging.