Inflammation of the pancreas - pancreatitis is manifested by a number of characteristic symptoms. In acute cases, inflammation of the body begins suddenly, with a chronic form continues for many years. We hope that the information offered will prove useful for people interested in maintaining their own and their loved ones' health.
In pancreatitis, severe abdominal pain, vomiting, rapid pulse and low blood pressure are observed. The skin becomes pale and cool, sweat appears on the face and hands, and the tongue becomes covered with a dry bloom.
Other symptoms and signs of inflammation of the pancreas:
- persistent nausea;
- dryness in the oral cavity;
- increased body temperature;
- presence of traces of bile in vomit.
If severe pain is felt for several hours, you need to contact an ambulance. A severe form of inflammation can lead to painful shock. Symptoms such as fever, shortness of breath and increased heart rate are combined in this condition with pall
or or yellowing of the skin. Severe inflammation is fraught with complications, such as peritonitis, ulcers and erosion of the gastrointestinal tract. The organs outside the abdominal cavity are involved in the process.
How to determine the inflammation of the pancreas, how is it manifested?
The doctor observes a bloating while performing an external examination of the patient, in addition to the above symptoms. Palpation allows you to determine that muscle tissue is strained. The specialist also notes signs of irritation of the peritoneum and paresis of the gastrointestinal tract.
The laboratory analysis of urine of the patient allows to find the raised maintenance of enzymes of a pancreas. The blood test shows an increase in the number of leukocytes, which is characteristic for the course of the inflammatory process in the body. The picture of symptoms is complemented by an elevated glucose content in the circulatory system.
The main signs of chronic pancreatitis:
- Pain in the upper abdominal region, giving in the back( usually after eating).
- The digestive system is broken. There are feelings of discomfort, weakness.
- Nausea is often felt.
- Body weight decreases.
If the inflammation is associated with cholelithiasis, the symptoms intensify after intake of high-fat and protein foods. It happens that the concrement sticks in the bile duct, which can lead to pancreatitis. Then the enzymes that are blocked in the pancreas begin to digest its tissues.
Pains in the inflammation of the pancreas
Stiffening pain in the abdomen always occurs with acute pancreatitis. It happens that this symptom takes place within a few days. But often it becomes intolerable, then a person can not cope without medical assistance. The localization of sensations depends on which area of the gland is more inflamed( body, head or tail).Accordingly, pain can occur in the right hypochondrium, under the "spoon" or in the region of the left hypochondrium. It acquires a shingled character less often.
The localization of pain in chronic form, almost the same as in the acute form of the disease. Signs of alcoholic pancreatitis are intestinal colic. They are usually localized in the right hypochondrium, vomitive masses contain bile impurities.
Temperature for inflammation of the pancreas
If at the beginning of the complications the thermometer is in the range 37.1-37.5 ° C, then the fever can progress. This condition is explained by the damage and death of pancreatic tissue. The temperature often rises to 38 ° C.
For severe inflammation, the temperature is 38-39 ° C as early as the first day. As the patient's well-being improves, the figures come back to normal. With a purulent process, high temperature persists, edematous form of pancreatitis and collapse lead to its decrease.
Treatment for symptoms of inflammation of the pancreas
To reduce pain and other symptoms of organ damage, infusion therapy in the hospital will be required. Analgesics are needed in order to relieve pain. Medicinal products are also prescribed that reduce the secretion of pancreatic juice and decompose specific enzymes of the pancreas( Platifillin, Gordoks, Kontrikal).
The list includes antiemetic, antimicrobial and antispasmodic drugs. It is also necessary to neutralize hydrochloric acid, which is produced by the stomach, because bicarbonate comes from the pancreas insufficiently.
Surgical intervention for acute pancreatitis is required when there are dead or infected parts of the body. A doctor can suggest an operation to stop a rapidly advancing lesion. Remove the gallbladder if pancreatitis is caused by a stone in the duct.
Diet is a key moment in reducing the symptoms of pancreatic inflammation. Food and drink through the mouth are prohibited for the first 3 days( up to 6 days).Food should not create a strain on the digestive tract, so in the future many products are excluded from the diet.
Duration of treatment in the hospital for signs of inflammation - from 10 days to a month or more. The main thing is to avoid complications and get an improvement in the patient's condition so that he can control pain by taking oral analgesics.