Various negative factors( pollen, smells, wool, flavors, food, etc.) can influence the body. Ecology is getting dirtier, people's immunity is noticeably weakening. With this in mind, the incidence of allergy increases.
There are a lot of remedies that can solve this problem, but they have different effect on different organisms. The medicine needs to be selected taking into account the factor that has become the cause of the violation in the body, the individuality of each organism.
In some cases, appoint Claritin. It refers to antihistamines. Apply it for systemic use. The code of the drug we are considering is АТХ R06A X13.
Composition, form of release, packaging
Loratadine is considered to be the active substance. It in one tablet contains 10 mg. Let us single out such auxiliary components:
- magnesium stearate;
- lactose monohydrate.
Produced in the form of tablets. They are oval, color - white. On one of the sides the figure "10" is marked, and on the other
- the sign of "bulb and bowl".Contained in a package of cardboard for 7, 10 tablets in a blister pack.
You can also buy this drug in the form of a syrup, in this form of the drug, the active ingredient is also loratadine. This agent has many components:
- sodium benzoate;
- propylene glycol;
- citric acid monohydrate;
- purified water;
- artificial perfume.
There are no visible particles in the syrup, it is transparent, it can be colorless, slightly yellowish. It is placed inside the vial, the volume of which can be 60, 120 ml. Ampoules are placed inside the carton.
The manufacturer of this medication is "SHERING-PLAU LABO".Germany produces it.
Indications for use
Assign in case of manifestation:
- seasonal / all-year-round rhinitis;
- Quincke edema;
- year-round / allergic conjunctivitis;reactions to bites;
- of allergic diseases of the dermis;
- of chronic idiopathic urticaria.
- children's age( up to 2 years);
- intolerance of components.
Mechanism of action
The H1 receptor blocker being studied is effective after 1 to 3 hours. The maximum effect is noted 8 to 12 hours after use, it lasts for 24 hours. The development of resistance to Claritin is not observed even with its use for 28 days. Absorption is performed in the digestive tract.
Metabolisation of the basic substance in desloratadine is carried out by the enzyme CYPZA4.It is excreted in bile, feces, urine, this period lasts 3 to 20 hours, on average - 8 hours.
Instruction for use
To be taken internally. A special role in the manifestation of the drug effect does not play food. For patients who are older than 12 years, the recommended dose is 10 mg. This equals one tablet, two drops of syrup per day.
Admission of children of two years is permissible. In this case, the syrup is prescribed. Since three years, the use of tablets is allowed. The daily dose is calculated taking into account the weight of the patient. If the weight is less than 30 kg, prescribe 5 ml of syrup, take it should be once a day. If the weight is more than 30 kg, the norm is 10 mg( 2 tsp / 1 tablet).
Side effects of
In addition to therapeutic actions, the drug can cause side effects.
Consider the main ones that appear in:
- CNS( fatigue, headaches, drowsiness, dry mouth, sedation, nervousness);
- allergic reactions( rash on the dermis, anaphylaxis);
- digestive system( gastritis, nausea, impaired liver function);
- cardiovascular system( tachycardia, palpitations);
- of alopecia.
Symptoms of overdose usually manifest in:
- is sleepy.
To avoid overdose, consult a specialist. Usually helps wash the stomach, use symptomatic drugs, adsorbents.
Pregnant are prescribed only in case of emergency. According to the conducted studies( they were performed on animals), there was no definite effect on the fetus. To breast milk, the main component penetrates easily, as well as its metabolite. Therefore, it is worth interrupting the breastfeeding of the baby for the duration of therapy.
The specialists did not find any specific data that would concern the efficacy, safety of the drug use in patients younger than 2 years old. Therefore, he is appointed after reaching the age of 2 years.
When used simultaneously with cimetidine, ketoconazole, erythromycin, plasma loratadine concentrations increase. At the same time, during the electrocardiography there are no clinically significant changes.
When used, there is no increase in the effect of alcohol on the central nervous system.
Reviews about drops
Most people who use this tool consider it very effective, because he coped well with the elimination of various signs of allergy.
Many noted the speed of its action, which in many cases is very important( with the bite of insects, Quincke's edema). Some patients left 100% positive reviews about it, as about the emergency aid .A very impressive disadvantage is the cost of the drug.
Abstract and instructions for the drug Claritin:
Prices for Claritin
The price of the drug differs depending on the form of release, volume:
- tablets( 7 pieces per pack) are in the range of 165 - 210 rubles;
- tablets( 10 pieces per pack) - within 230 - 245 rubles;
- tablets( 30 pieces per pack) - within the limits of 595 - 665 rubles;
- syrup( 60 ml.) - 260 - 290 rub.;
- syrup( 120 ml.) - 365 - 425 rubles.
The agent under consideration has analogs( medicines that exhibit similar therapeutic effects, but at the same time they have different active substance).Among the analogs we note tablets:
- "The Beckshist-sanovel".
- Desloratadine Canon.
- "Ketotifen Sopharma".
The syrups are analogues:
- "Ketotifen Sopharma".
Analogues of Claritin
Cheap analogs of
Among the cheapest analogs we will mention such tablets:
- "Agistam".The cost is about 32 - 40 rubles.
- "Loratadin".The cost is about 18 - 21 rubles.
- Vertex Loratadin-Verte. The cost is about 20 rubles.
Synonyms for medication
You can also use different synonyms. Among the tablets are:
- "Loratadin Stada".
Among the syrup synonyms are:
Which is better: Clarithine or Suprastin? Answer in our video:
Terms of leave from pharmacies
Claritin can be bought without a prescription.
Storage and expiration date
It is recommended to store in a place out of the reach of children. The temperature should be between 2 and 300 ° C.Yearly tablets are for 4 years, syrup - for 3 years.