If diagnostic studies confirm worm infection, a helminthiasis is diagnosed. The routes of infection are well known. Helminths get into the human body by the oral route, along with dirty fruits and vegetables, poorly roasted meat, when unboiled water is used, and basic rules of personal hygiene are not respected. Infection with helminths can not manifest immediately, the first symptoms appear when there is a large number of worms inside the body. The development of the clinical picture largely depends on what helminths get into the body.
The defeat of worms is a dangerous phenomenon. There are about four hundred species of worms that can settle inside a person. All of them relate to four types:
- Flat worms.
Which organs can be affected by worms?
Parasites affect different organs. Nematodes( ascarids, strongyloids, hookworms), for example, are parasitized in the small intestine. There also "settle" and pinworms - the most common h
elminths. On the walls of the colon, vaginal heads parasitize, here already impregnated pinworms move, live in the large intestine and some trematodes. Such worms are dangerous because they give rise to a huge number of eggs that can migrate throughout the body. Most of them go out through the rectum to the outside during emptying, a lot remains in the tissues of the intestinal tract, some are transferred to the liver, and other organs can also be affected. That's why any helminthiases are very dangerous for human health.
What other organs can be affected by worms? If the larvae of the pork tapeworm get into the digestive tract, they easily enter the blood through the walls of the small intestine. This phenomenon provokes the defeat of muscle tissue, fatty tissue. Sometimes an adult can be found in the brain, in the lungs or in the human eyeball. In this case, the signs of specific manifestations are added to the general manifestations. They can be easily recognized only by an experienced doctor.
Symptoms of defeat by worms
Infection can manifest itself in different ways. Much depends on the stage of helminthiosis( acute or chronic), what kind of parasite the disease provoked. The symptoms of general intoxication( persistent nausea, headaches, dizziness), as well as signs of mechanical damage to the intestinal mucosa( abdominal pains, diarrhea or constipation, manifestations of digestive and indigestion) may indicate the development of the first stage. The course of the chronic stage depends on the type of worms that provoked the lesion. So, for example, if trematodes enter the body, the chronic stage of such helminthiases lasts 15-20 years. All this time the patient can be tortured with paroxysmal pains dislocated in the right hypochondrium, intestinal dysfunctions and pancreatitis, throughout the invasion there is increased sweating, tremor of the eye lids and fingers. The patient may also complain of constant attacks of allergy.
Any defeat by worms significantly suppresses immunity, aggravates the course of already existing diseases, negatively affects the nervous system, reduces efficiency. It is noted that the presence of helminthic invasions reduces the effectiveness of drug vaccines, contributes to an increase in the volume of pathogenic microflora in the intestinal tract. The defeat of the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system by worms, can provoke a fatal outcome. Helminthiasis of the eye often leads to a complete loss of vision.