The strongest pain in the heel in the mornings, which fades in the afternoon and returns in the evening? Probably, this bony enlargement, called in the people by the calcaneal spur. Exacerbation may persist for several months, then it releases to return with increased flour. The assumption that the ailment will somehow pass away, and with it pain - a naive hope. Each load on the feet only aggravates the disease, prolonging the duration of acute periods.
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Home treatment spurs on the heel will help temporarilyTo cure inflammation as a source of pain, but not eliminate the cause itself. Only a specialist will establish the basis and essence of the
disease, prescribe effective methods of treatment and follow current changes. Therefore it is important to know which doctor heals the heel spinal cord and to whom to turn.
Why does the calcaneal spine
Plantar fascia - one of the strongest and longest ligaments of the human body, connects metatarsal and heel bones. It, like the bridge arch supports the lower arch of the foot, carrying the weight of our body. On the treatment of the spur on the foot is worth reading in detail, so as not to start the disease.
When the foot is deformed or permanently reinforced, the tension of the ligament exceeds its possible limit, which causes tiny tears to occur at the point of attachment to the heel of the hump. These injuries the body compensates, as if it patches or cement deposits of calcium salts. They accumulate with the advent of new injuries. The consequence is a spur on the heel, the shape and size of which is easy to see on an X-ray. Calcium-shaped growth builds a ligament. In addition, the calcaneal tubercle deforms, because of which the tension of the fascia increases. Micro-damage becomes more.
Attention! Spur, in itself does not hurt. An agonizing condition causes inflammation of the ligament in damaged areas.
It is often the long pain that prompts the patient to first find out which doctor heals the heel spur in order to resort to his help.
To which doctor to go for the diagnosis of
Bones, ligaments, joints, their functions, disorders - the diocese of an orthopedic physician who can be an orthopedic surgeon. On the basis of patient complaints, physical examination( probing) and an x-ray, the orthopedist will make a final conclusion about the disease.
If the doctor finds a heel spur, the diagnosis will sound intricate: plantar fasciitis, or inflammation of that plantar ligament fascia.
The spur does not necessarily cause pain. On that there can be other reasons:
- a trauma, entailed a crack of a heel bone;
- injury, as a cause of inflammation of soft tissues;
- of the spine, the symptoms of which are manifested by pains in the heels;
- gout and rheumatoid arthritis are joint diseases, infrequent for the calcaneal region, but they can also cause pain;
- bone tuberculosis, osteomyelitis - severe and dangerous diseases.
These reasons, a number of others can lead to disability, like plantar fasciitis.
Warning! Relying on similar symptoms and experience of acquaintances, practicing self-treatment without diagnosis, you can skip the disease at a stage when the process is still reversible, and treatment is possible without surgical intervention.
Which doctor treats the heel spike
Orthopedist appoints systematic treatment, medications and procedures, he also monitors the result of their action. From the physiotherapeutic measures will largely depend on the successful recovery. Because the physiotherapist is a doctor who also takes an active part in healing. All prescribed measures should:
- relieve inflammation and pain;
- to reduce the weight load on the foot;
- to restore damaged fascia tissue;
- reduce, in the ideal case, eliminate the calcium build-up.
Ibuprofen and diclofenac are powerful anti-inflammatory analgesics. Naproxen works more like an analgesic than an anti-inflammatory drug. All means act quickly and for a long time, are effective at inflammation of ligaments and joints.
Physiotherapy for calcaneal spur
Shock wave therapy
UVT significantly improves the condition in many diseases of the musculoskeletal system. But its effectiveness in the treatment of plantar fasciitis is still challenged by specialists.
When and how successfully UVT destroys the calcium build-up, it is difficult to say. Undoubtedly, only one thing: inflammation, swelling and pain, take place during five sessions.
Warning! UTT is contraindicated:
- for oncological and pathological infectious diseases;
- for pregnancy;
- in cases of brittleness and increased vascular insight( hematomas are possible);
- for blood clotting disorders;
- for hypertensive patients;
- presence of a pacemaker( causes rhythm disturbances);
- elevated temperature.
UHF affects the diseased parts of the body with an electromagnetic field of high frequency. The electromagnetic energy absorbed by the tissues is converted into thermal energy. This stimulates the formation of new cells in the connective tissues and enhances the capillary permeability of the vessel walls. To the inflamed zone, the flow of immune and protective cells of the body is accelerated, the current of lymph and blood is activated. UHF perfectly removes inflammation, renews tissues.
Attention! Contraindications are the same as for shock wave therapy, except for high blood pressure. UHF is dangerous for hypotension and people with cardiovascular insufficiency.
It is possible to deliver anti-inflammatory, analgesic and regenerative drugs to the inflammation focus by means of an electric current. Advantages of this method of drug administration before others( injections, tablets):
- charged substances, accumulating, act faster, longer, more active;
- medications affect only the affected area, not the entire body;
- administered dose is ten times smaller;
- action of the current has an independent stimulating effect.
Attention! Electrophoresis is contraindicated in cancer, purulent acute inflammation, heart failure, hypertension, asthma, dermatitis.
The sooner orthopedic devices are purchased, the more effective the treatment will be. They will help to overcome the pain, facilitate the movement and symptom of the first, extremely painful morning step.
Orthopedic insoles will remove the main load from the plantar fascia, distributing it evenly over the entire foot. They will support the leg in the right anatomical position, especially in the area of ascent. Such individual devices are most needed for excess weight and flat feet, since the load on the joints and ligament soles in both cases is greatly increased.
Padded hats soften the heel of the heel when walking. They, just like the insole, redistribute the load and relieve muscle tension.
Warning! Insole with podpitochnikami selected only individually. It is important not only the size, but the weight and anatomical features of the patient.
Nightly cutters are similar to soft open boots. They fix the foot and shin in relation to each other at an angle of 45 degrees. This does not allow to unbend the foot during sleep and to shorten the ligament, thus avoiding the morning torment. To sleep was more comfortable with this, not too convenient device, you can put a pillow under your lower leg or between your legs.
When the most painful period passes, you must carefully proceed with exercises for stretching the tendons of the feet, ankles and lower legs. The increased ability to stretch, likens the plantar fascia to a suspension bridge, whose cables, stretching, are able to withstand more stress than arch structures.
To avoid surgery, do not start the treatment without completing it. The first visit to the orthopedist, often the last, after the accepted anti-inflammatory analgesics. But the heel spur can begin to progress sharply, the next exacerbation will be longer and more painful than the previous ones. Following all the prescriptions of the doctor, using orthopedic adaptations, doing gymnastics, applying folk methods, you can get rid of this ailment or at least stop its development.