Rehabilitation after a stroke at home

Rehabilitation after a stroke

Stroke is one of the most dangerous diseases a person can face. In the absence of medical care, it can lead to death or disability. And if a person could survive in an acute period of illness, then he should not relax yet. After treatment in the hospital, the patient expects a long-term rehabilitation after a stroke at home. It is important that at this stage the patient exert maximum efforts, since the further quality of life depends on rehabilitation.

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Begin rehabilitation after a stroke as soon as possible. It is better if this is done immediately after stabilization of the patient's condition.

Please note! According to the European medical community for the study of stroke rehabilitation should begin no later than a week after an ischemic stroke and 2-3 weeks after hemorrhagic( provided there are no contraindications).

Restoration of brain functions lasts for 1 year, with the greatest results possible to achieve during the first 6 months. If at this time the patient does not engage in - then, most likely, he will never be able to restore the brain functions.

Of course, it is better if the patient is restored in a special rehabilitation medical center. There is a special equipment, and all actions will be performed under the supervision of specialists. But not everyone can afford this luxury. Therefore, many patients need to engage in rehabilitation at home with the help of relatives and friends.

Important! At this time, others should support the patient morally, since most people who have had a stroke go into depression, and they do not want to do anything to improve their lives. The love, support and care of the surrounding sick people is the key to successful and fruitful work.

Speech recovery after a stroke

It is better if speech therapist is a speech therapist. During rehabilitation, you need a lot of work, but at the same time, do not overload the patient. However, at home, you can work on your speech. The main thing is the mood. So, at home, you can do follow-up exercises:

Recovering speech after a stroke

  1. Twist your lips into a tube and relax. The duration of the exercise is 5 seconds, after which 2 seconds break and again repeat the exercise;
  2. Capture and bite the lower lip with your teeth, and then relax. Repeat the procedure with the upper lip. The duration of the exercise is 5 seconds per lip;
  3. Pull your neck forward as much as possible and remove the tongue from your mouth. Relax;
  4. Lick the lower lip, and then the upper lip. Then make a circle.
  5. Fold the tongue with a tube, then slide it out of the mouth. Rest for 3 seconds;
  6. Maximize the tongue and touch it to the sky. Relax.

In addition to performing these exercises, it will be useful for the patient to sing songs, repeating the endings of individual words several times. In order to help the patient, his relatives can learn and speak tongue twisters with him.

The main thing to remember! To achieve the result of the exercise must be done regularly. If the patient does not get something out, he should do the exercises until he achieves what he wants.

Memory Recovery

To restore memory after a stroke, it is necessary to completely cure the underlying disease. Thanks to this, the patient will be able to avoid relapse. The patient should regularly take medications that lower blood pressure and consume as little salt as possible. Improve the brain activity will help fibrates and statins.

Recovering memory after a stroke

To improve memory after a stroke, it is necessary to take medications prescribed by the doctor based on the individual characteristics of each patient's body. In general, the effect of these drugs is to improve the tone of blood vessels, normalize blood circulation and eliminate oxygen starvation. Often for this purpose, doctors prescribe tranquilizers, nootropics and vitamin complexes to their patients.

Please note! All this will not bring the expected result if the patient does not engage in mental work. To this end, you can read books, teach poetry, and solve various problems.

Recovery after a stroke by folk remedies

Well proven in restoring brain function after a stroke of folk remedies. Below we give you some of the most popular recipes.

Mummy and aloe juice

Squeeze of aloe leaves 300 g of juice. Then add 10 g of mummy. You need to use this drug for 1 tsp.2 times a day for 30 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 10 days. Then you should take a break for 5 days and continue the treatment.

Mumio and aloe after a stroke

Pollen of flowers

Pollen of flowers perfectly strengthens the walls of blood vessels, improves blood circulation. To restore the functions of the brain, it should be used for 1 tsp.3 times a day for half an hour before a meal.

Infusion from bay leaves

A pack of bay leaves should be poured with a glass of vegetable oil and leave everything infused for 2 months. Infusion should be stirred occasionally. After 2 months, infuse the extract and boil. This medicine needs to lubricate places where there is no sensitivity.

Laurel leaf infusion

Chestnut infusion

In a dark bottle, pour 150 ml of vodka and throw 10 grams of brown chestnut skins there. Allow the mixture to infuse in a dark place for 3 days. Drink this remedy 3 times a day on an empty stomach for 1 tsp.

Teas from celandine

Bring a glass of water to a boil and throw into it 2 tsp.grated dry herb celandine. Let the broth brew for 1 hour in a warm place. At the end of this time, strain the drug and use 2 tsp.3 times a day, regardless of the meal.

Tea from celandine after a stroke

Medical preparations for recovery after a stroke

Patients who have suffered a stroke usually receive nootropics. Their function is to remove toxic substances from the body, prevent damage to the parts of the nervous higher system, improve blood circulation.

One of the most popular drugs in this case is piracetam. It improves the metabolism in the brain, improves the transmission of nerve impulses, dilutes the blood and prevents the adhesion of erythrocytes. Thanks to this, the patients recover their memory, and they better coordinate their movements. The drug also contributes to the restoration of speech functions.

In addition to this, doctors will use:

  • encephabol - a drug with strong anti-ischemic properties. He is appointed in the early rehabilitation period with a view to improving energy metabolism in the brain;
  • gamma-lon is a remedy for preventing neuronal damage to the brain and restoring the neural connections;
  • pantogam - the nootrop, which has a stimulating effect on the psyche, effectively restores the damaged parts of the brain;
  • tiotriazolin is a drug with a wide action sector. Effectively removes toxins from the body and strengthens the walls of blood vessels;
  • thiocetam - makes the body more hardy, relieves headaches, reduces dizziness.

Thiocetam for recovery after a stroke

Please note! To achieve maximum therapeutic effect and to avoid side effects, all these drugs should be prescribed by the doctor strictly individually to each patient.

Simulators for recovery of patients after a stroke

During rehabilitation, it is important that the patient undergoes a massage course and performs light physical exercises at home. After a stroke, the muscle fibers stop functioning, and the brain can not control them. Just doing light weight on the foot for 20 minutes a day is not enough. For the speedy recovery of the body, all activities should be comprehensive. For this, such simulators as "Shagong 409" and "Bud" are used.

So "Shagong 409" is used to restore muscles after a stroke in the lower part of the body. This device is placed under the paralyzed leg of a man, thereby creating a walking effect. These events should be repeated 3 times a day. This device was developed for recumbent patients. Its action is aimed at developing the foot. Therefore, when the brain begins to send impulses to the muscles, a person can easily stand up, since his body will be accustomed to all movements.

Shagong 409 for recovery after a stroke

"Buton" is used to develop fingers on the hands. A healthy person constantly moves his fingers, while the patient is deprived of this opportunity. As a result, they gradually begin to die. In addition, the patient himself must try to bend his arm in the elbows. Exercise should be done before the feeling of fatigue in the joint. Thus, the brain will eventually be able to understand where to send nerve impulses and the recovery will be faster.

Please note! After performing the exercise, you may experience an overstrain of the arm muscles. This indicates that the connection between the muscles and the brain has not been completely lost.

During the exercise, the room should be quiet, as people who have suffered a stroke, it is difficult to concentrate on several things at the same time. In order for the brain to catch signals the patient must feel the movement of the simulators.

Gym for recovery after a stroke

Please note! Gymnastics after a recent stroke should be performed only under medical supervision.

Next, you can do the following exercises at home yourself:

  1. Sitting imitate the walking process for 3 minutes.
  2. Sit on a chair and lower your hands. Inhale, raise your hands up, and on exhalation pull your knees to the thoracic vault. This exercise should be done with each foot 3 times.
  3. Stand up from a sitting position 10 times.
  4. Sitting on a chair, rotate the humeral joints 10 times in each direction.
  5. Sitting on a chair, pull out your hands in front of you and squeeze them into fists. Bend your hands, while trying, at the same time, touch the shoulder blades. Perform 10 times.
  6. Walk 5 steps in the usual step and 5 on the socks.

Gymnastics for recovery after a stroke

Please note! You can achieve the effect if you perform the exercises regularly. Strengthen the effect of them can be applied by physiotherapy.

Diet during rehabilitation after a stroke

Note! If the patient has increased blood sugar or cholesterol, then only a doctor should prescribe a diet.

In general, all patients are recommended to reduce the consumption of salt and fatty foods. In addition, they should eat foods high in fiber. These include various cereals, vegetables, fruits and berries. And the most useful in this case are the pear and raspberry. Patients who have suffered a stroke can eat meat, provided that it is dietary. For example, chicken, rabbit or lean beef.

It is recommended to give up fat and pork meat. Dishes for such patients should not be fried, but cooked steamed or boiled. As much as possible you should drink juices, milk and herbal teas.

The weight of the patient who has suffered a stroke plays an important role in the rehabilitation period. Weight reduction will promote a speedy recovery, reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease.

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