A special group of drugs are substances that are prepared by an artisanal method. Jeff is one of them. This drug quickly leads to human degradation and irreversible brain damage.
Under the general name Jeff means a group of drugs that have a strong psycho-stimulating effect. They also quickly lead to the development of dependence on the physiological and psychological levels.
The main ingredient of Jeff( other names - mulka, methcathinone) is ephedrine. It is a toxic alkaloid contained in a coniferous plant called ephedra and stimulating the brain area responsible for pleasure.
Jeff appeared in the 1970s and 1980s, then pure ephedrine was used for his preparation, and now drug addicts are preparing mulk from medicines for colds and potassium permanganate. Substances enter into a chemical reaction, as a result of which the effect of the pleasure hormone appears. Enter the drug most often with intravenous injection.
The addict increases activity, he becomes very sociable and har
dy. Adequate perception of reality is preserved, but euphoria appears.
When the effect of the drug passes, the opposite effect occurs: the person becomes sluggish, he develops mental disabilities quickly, and the subcortical nuclei begin to die in the brain. As a result, the patient quickly degrades as a person and is completely isolated from society. If it is not treated, in the near future it will turn into an invalid.
Effects on the body and psyche
According to its pharmacological properties, the mullet is close to adrenaline. Ephedrine stimulates alpha and beta-adrenoreceptors, which leads to the excitation of the sympathetic nervous system. However, this is a poisonous substance, so when it is taken, acute intoxication develops.
The negative consequences of taking Jeff provoke not only narcotic substance, but also additional ingredients.
As a result of regular use of this type of drug complications develop:
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
- purulent diseases;
- lesions of the central nervous system;
- personal degradation;
Already after several months of systematic use of the mullet, all changes in the body become irreversible. Manganese, which is added to the drug, accumulates in the subcortical nuclei of the brain, and it is impossible to remove them from there. As a result, neurons begin to die, manganese parkinsonism develops with motor impairments.
For several years of drug use, manganese polyneuroencephalopathy develops. Nerve cells are destroyed, which leads to psychosis, paranoia, mental retardation and paralysis of the limbs.
As a result of an overdose of mulberries, heart failure often occurs in addicts. Also a person can fall into a coma.
After the introduction of Jeff into the vein, there is a two-phase narcotic effect on the body. The first phase is the so-called "parish".
A person feels relaxed and euphoric. He manifests depersonalization violations: the body becomes weightless, there is extraordinary ease. At the same time, the mood rises, the addict becomes self-reliant.
The initial stage of intoxication lasts from 5 to 20 minutes. At this time the person sits without movement, focusing on internal sensations.
Then comes the second phase, which manifests the stimulating effect of ephedrine and comes "high".The patient suddenly becomes hyperactive. The influx of energy makes him think that he can overcome any obstacle.
Simultaneously, people's thinking accelerates. He becomes very sociable, easily goes to contact, but from the outside his condition looks like maniacal. A person can not concentrate on anything, his thoughts and associations quickly replace each other.
Also for the intoxication of mulch is an increase in sexual arousal. Therefore, this drug is often used by couples.
Psychological dependence on Jeff is formed in most cases after the first injection. When the effect of the drug on the body stops, the abstinence syndrome begins.
Its most common symptoms are as follows:
- severe fatigue;
- short temper.
The condition lasts about a week. All this time, a person has a strong desire to take the drug again. Almost always there is a breakdown.
For many addicts, the effect of the mule is too weak, so they switch to heroin or begin to use more of Jeff. Therefore, very often there is an overdose, which leads to a lethal outcome.
Signs and symptoms of use
As a result of Jeff's abuse, specific symptoms develop. First of all, manganese causes the death of brain cells that control the muscle tone.
Parkinsonism develops, the external manifestations of which are:
- Involuntary muscular contractions.
- Increased sweating.
- Alternation of heat and chills.
- Hair greasiness.
- Alternation of aggression and apathy.
The psycho-emotional state of the addict becomes extremely unstable. Lethargy and apathy can be sharply replaced by increased anxiety and arousal. The patient develops the gait of the robot, speech is difficult - at first he utters only certain phrases, but soon completely loses the ability to communicate with people.
Due to the defeat of the muscle, the facial expressions of the addict become petrified. The facial muscles involuntarily contract, so it seems that he constantly smiles. Subsequently, limb paralysis develops.
Outwardly, a person becomes mentally ill and inadequate. His memory worsens, insomnia develops. The pupils of a dummy are constantly dilated, his pulse is increased.
Already after a few months of abuse, the mulk is completely degraded personality.
It is characterized by the following features:
- A non-critical attitude to yourself.
Patients are completely isolated from the community. They often have paranoid psychoses. The coefficient of intelligence is rapidly declining, dementia is developing.
Treatment of dependence
The process of treatment and rehabilitation of addicts using Jeff is lengthy and rather complicated, as serious diseases develop very quickly. In addition, the mulch causes a strong dependence, which can not be overcome independently.
In hospital conditions, complex treatment will be carried out, which includes:
- sessions of psychotherapy;
- treatment of concomitant diseases.
After the detoxification the patient will come to himself and, most likely, will refuse further treatment. Therefore, doctors will have to do serious work to form the patient's motivation for recovery. For this, psychotherapeutic conversations, hypnosis and other methods are used.
Since the mullet causes serious damage to various organs and systems, it will also be necessary to treat the diseases that have arisen. However, many violations are irreversible, so a person risks becoming disabled.
Negative consequences resulting from Jeff's abuse appear after the first intake of the substance. Every third drug addict with psychosis develops psychosis with paranoia. They usually pass for 3-4 hours after discontinuation of the substance.
However, often psychoses become protracted and last longer than 1 month. In this case, a person urgently needs medical help, otherwise it may become too late.
Without treatment in just 1 year a person becomes an invalid. During this period of time there is a complete personal degradation, accompanied by mental retardation. It is already impossible to cure a person who has reached such a state.
Also mulch destroys renal nephrons. Diseases of the filtering organ for a long time are asymptomatic, in addition, drug addicts do not follow their health. Therefore, they often refuse kidneys, and the only treatment option in this case is an expensive transplantation.
As syringes are not sterilized, favorable conditions for bacterial infection are created. Often dependent on Jeff, there are staphylococci on the skin that lead to sepsis.
Death can occur suddenly as a result of cardiac arrest. Especially with an overdose.