Polyp of the esophagus: symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis

Polyp is a benign formation on the stem, consisting of epithelial cells. Most often found in the esophagus of middle-aged men.

Localization and appearance

Appears on any site, but in most cases on the top of the organ or in the peritoneum. In some cases, the esophagus falls into the pharynx.

Polyps are divided according to their origin. If they appear because of the increase in the number of healthy tissues, then they speak of a hyperplastic type. In most pathological cells, we are talking about neoplastic polyps. Inflammation appears in the foci, where the integrity of the tissue is impaired.

Symptoms of the esophagus polyps

Signs of polyps in the esophagus The clinical picture often depends on the localization of the formation. If there is an infringement or loss, then there are:

  • pain,
  • heartburn,
  • feeling of pressure behind the sternum,
  • violation of the swallowing process.

Small polyps do not lead to any symptoms, so they can remain undetected for a long time.

If there is a violatio

n of the swallowing process( dysphagia), it is necessary to undergo a survey. It is also mandatory if a person feels the constant presence of a foreign body, nausea, vomiting.

Although the general condition of the patient is not disturbed, weight loss is often noted due to the listed problems.

Reasons for the appearance of

The development of the disease occurs for various reasons. More often a polyp is formed due to inflammation and mucosal damage.

With natural regeneration of the mucous membranes, the cells of the connective tissue grow, which subsequently forms into the polyp. Microtrauma appears due to aggressive or rough food, chemicals.

To the backgrounds applies:

  • genetics;
  • abuse of alcohol-containing beverages;
  • reflux, which appears due to problems with the esophageal-cardiac sphincter.

The possibility of a polyp in the esophagus increases, if a person lives in an area with an unfavorable ecology, often arrives in a state of stress or does not follow his diet.

Diagnosis

The doctor can only give an accurate diagnosis when using instrumental methods.

Differential diagnosis is performed with such ailments as a foreign body, cancer, varicose veins.

Oesophagoscopy is often prescribed - an endoscopic examination method. The instrument is then inserted through the mouth. Usually this method is practiced in a hospital.

If the picture remains unclear, then a chromoscope is used. To do this, the dye is sprayed or injected into the vessels. Such a study allows for better consideration of education, defining structural features.

The doctor may prescribe an X-ray. If the size of the polyp is up to 1 cm, it shows a consolidation of the fold. When the size of the formation is large, the defect with a rounded shape with distinct edges becomes clearly visible.

Treatment of polyps in the esophagus

Conservative treatment allows only to get rid of unpleasant symptoms, therefore, usually removal is appointed. The tactics of the impact depend on the results of the histological examination. Operative treatment in the early stages allows to exclude carrying out of extensive manipulation.

Removal of

After this procedure, relapses occur extremely rarely. Removal is carried out endoscopically with the use of electro-loops. It is introduced under visual control.

In some cases, it is advisable to cross the leg using surgical scissors or a wire loop. This method has rarely been used in recent years, as the risk of damage to healthy walls increases.

If the polyp is large, then biopsies and esophagotomy are performed. Then a cut is made in the neck. Education is cut off with a healthy tissue. The remaining edges are sewn.

Diet

Diet with oesophageal graft For polyps of the esophagus, it is necessary to exclude from the diet dishes that injure the mucous membrane.

Therefore, the best option is to prepare meals for a couple. Then they soften to a mash.

Products excluded, consisting of coarse fibers, wiry meat, hard vegetables, mushrooms. Alcoholic and carbonated drinks are banned.

To reduce the risk of reflux, do not eat spicy, too salty or greasy foods. The optimal option is a fractional food and consumption of a large amount of liquid.

Treatment with folk remedies

Beekeeping products and plants are used for treatment. One of the popular methods is the use of the marjin root.

It is washed, but not cleaned. This ingredient is added to the pan, a kilogram of honey and the same amount of melted butter. Mixture to languish on a small fire for about two hours. It is taken on a tablespoon every morning.

You can make the juice from spinach parsley, celery, carrots. This drink is prepared every day. Due to the large number of biologically active components, the dose increases gradually. The first week of drinking 100 ml of juice before each meal.

Used in folk medicine:

  • Reishi mushrooms,
  • kiwi,
  • beet,
  • celandine,
  • needles and other ingredients.

Forecast

With a timely surgical intervention, the prognosis is good. A person can get rid of the problem forever. It is important only to undergo a dynamic observation in the gastroenterologist.

The risk is higher for polyps located on thick legs. If delayed treatment is possible, not only the development of cancer, but also the occurrence of food bleeding.

The video shows the removal of the polyp in the cardiac part of the esophagus:

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