Dermatomycosis belongs to the category of infectious diseases that develop after infection with fungi. The disease spreads throughout the body, and you can get sick even after a short contact. The main danger of fungal infections lies in the fact that it often takes place in chronic form, that is, there is always a danger of exacerbation. Prolonged postponement of treatment exacerbates the clinical picture and leads to the fact that the skin will permanently remain pathogens.
How to cure ailment? Let's find out today about the symptoms and treatment of folk remedies of smooth skin dermatomycosis, consider the photos of patients with it.
Features of the disease
- Men are more likely to suffer from dermatomycosis.
- Elderly patients are more likely to suffer from dry type mycosis.
- But young people often have inflammation, wetness.
This type of dermatomycosis is difficult to treat because of the high probability of re-infection. That is why it has been going on for many years. The most important predisposing factors are diabetes and obesity.
The following video will describe this dermatomycosis:
The subdivision of dermatomycosis is possible by the type of pathogen on:
- deep mycosis.
Localization is the main classification of pathology. It affects the following parts of the body:
- hairy area on the head;
- groin area;
- smooth skin.
Because of what appears dermatomycosis on the face, in the groin and other parts of the body, we will tell below.
The main cause of the pathology are dermatophytes: fungi trichophyton, microsporum, epidermophyton. Sometimes provokes dermatomycosis and fungus candida. Infection can occur as a result of wearing tight clothing, by contact directly with the pathogen that occurs after interacting with an infected person, someone else's sports equipment, a towel, bed linen. You can get infected and sit on the toilet seat on which he was sitting.
During the warm period of the year, their reproduction occurs particularly quickly, but the temperature of the human body for them at any time is favorable. After infection begins active destruction of the epidermis. With good health, dermatomycosis may not develop, but the greatest risk is for patients with the following problems:
- severe sweating;
- endocrine disorders;
- wounds on the skin;
- vitamin deficiency;
- low immunity;
- problems with metabolic processes.
Symptoms of dermatomycosis on the face, in the groin and other areas are discussed below.
Symptoms of human dermatomycosis
Symptomatic of dermatomycosis depends entirely on its shape and location on the body. Dermatomycosis of the scalp is diagnosed more often in children. If it extends to the scalp, then the patients exhibit the following symptoms:
- pain, flaking and itching;
- rapid spread of the rash in the form of papules;
- hair loss and their fragility that develops from purulent melting of bulbs;
- appearance of furuncles.
In the region of the beard, the phenomena are similar, but only pustular lesions are punctate, since the hair follicles are constantly infected. Another skin here is covered with crusts, it becomes swollen. This form is very contagious.
The symptoms described below can affect absolutely any area on the body. They have several stages of development:
- The appearance of a rash on the epidermis in the form of circles.
- In the center of the site becomes lighter - this is the focus of the rash.
- The rash becomes wet and crusts begin to form.
- A strong exfoliation develops around the light area, the patient suffers a painful itching.
- The focus is healthy, there is a dark circle around it.
Symptoms of dermatomycosis of feet depend entirely on the form of the disease. So, for the disgidic type of pathology, the appearance of a huge number of small bubbles on the fingers and feet, which are subsequently opened, forming areas of erosion. The latter are also characteristic of the intertriginous type of the disease, but it is accompanied by swelling and cracks. Symptoms of the squamous form proceed as follows:
- primary lesion of the skin of the fingers;
- small peeling, not accompanied by any other manifestations;
- exacerbation of peeling, itching, the formation of papules transient in erosion;
- suppuration of foci;
- appearance of scales of dead skin on the lateral side of the foot;
- fusion of rashes, pronounced dryness, pain.
Infects the dermatomycosis of the inguinal region, and after spreading it is capable of self-infection on the folds of the body( under the chest, etc.).Primary rashes appear on the inguinal folds, gradually flowing onto the perineum, hips, anus. When the stage of the disease flows to the peeling, erosion begins to open, which is often complicated by pyoderma. Inflammation subsides, but relapses happen almost always, as mushrooms remain on the skin for a long time.
Nail dermatomycosis is also called onychomycosis. After suffering the disease, the nail is destroyed and exfoliates. At the very beginning the nail thickens and deforms.
Diagnosis of dermatomycosis is described below.
Diagnostic methods are needed not only to determine the type of pathogen, but also to differentiate pathology from similar phenomena, especially from eczema, psoriasis.
- Initially, they turn to the mycologist or dermatologist, who will examine and question the patient, and after that he will appoint the necessary diagnostics. Before taking, you can not use any ointments and antiseptics, so as not to distort the results.
- Laboratory tests are the most valuable in determining dermatomycosis. Soskob is taken from the hearth of rashes - it can be scales of the skin, parts of the nail, hair. Investigation of the obtained material is carried out immediately or after growing it on a nutrient medium. After determining the type of fungus, effective therapy is selected.
Let's find out how to treat dermatomycosis in humans.
About the symptomatology and diagnosis of human dermatomycosis will tell this video:
Vitamins and immunomodulators are necessarily connected to the main treatment. The disease strongly affects the body, so this complex therapy will prevent a relapse and improve the healing process.
Recommendations are necessarily given regarding the handling of clothing, household items, shoes infected with the agent, to prevent the spread of the infection to other areas of the skin. When damaging the hair of the hair, it is desirable to seal this area with a band-aid, and if the dermatomycosis affects the follicles on the hands, head, legs, they are necessarily epilated.
About preparations for treatment of dermatomycosis is told further.
By medicamentous method
When selecting the tactics of therapy, not only the type of pathogen, but also the age, the state of immunity, the stage of the disease is important. The basis of treatment is external treatment, carried out with ointments with antifungal action. There are a lot of such means, therefore only the doctor appoints them, since he takes into account all the described features.
If the dermatologist deems it necessary, then he will select and preparations for oral administration. Such a measure is necessary for neglected cases. From medicines choose hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics. If there is extensive keratinization of the skin, use keratolytic drugs. Wet areas are regularly treated with chlorhexidine, a solution of manganese and other suitable antiseptics.
The most effective agents against dermatomycosis are the following ointments:
- sulfuric ointment,
- salicylic ointment,
Further consideration is the prevention of dermatomycosis in children and adults.
Prevention of disease
Active reproduction of dermatophytes occurs in a moist warm environment, so maintaining proper hygiene and dryness significantly reduces the risk of pathology. Warn her help, and other measures. It is necessary:
- not to touch strangers or stray animals;
- avoid wearing other people's shoes and clothing;
- barefoot does not walk in public places;
- treated timely in fungus in domestic animals;
- monitor immunity;
- use only your towel;
- not take someone else's erasers, combs, manicure accessories.
If the symptoms have already appeared, the further spread of dermatomycosis will prevent only timely treatment.
If the disease appears again in the same place, then after healing may form scars or the skin will remain hyperpigmented. There is a risk of bacterial infection.
In prevention, the likelihood of complications is minimal.
With timely therapy, a complete cure is possible, but in the future it is required to be attentive to the condition of the skin and not to allow re-infection. In the presence of complications, the forecast is aggravated. The risk that the process will become chronic is great enough.
The video below describes the treatment of dermatomycosis and other skin pathologies in a child: