Gastritis and duodenitis are chronic inflammatory conditions that occur on the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum.
The term "focal" in the name of the disease means only the localization of the inflammatory process. This means that the inflammation is characteristic of any particular area of the gastric mucosa.
Focal or local duodenitis is characterized by papillitis - an inflammation of the large papilla of the DPC.
The causes of focal duodenitis can be: a violation of the diet, ignoring the treatment of such diseases, infection with ascariasis or giardiasis, chronic infections in the oral cavity or on the genitals.
Symptoms of focal duodenitis are similar to other symptoms of GI diseases. This:
- acute pain in the area of the duodenum after eating;
- nausea and profuse vomiting;
- general weakness of the body, dizziness, fatigue;
- decreased appetite;
- feeling of bloating, etc.
Since duodenitis is most often accompanied by other diseases, it is very difficult to recognize it. To do this, you need to contact the gastroenterologist, he will conduct a detailed examination and put a correct diagnosis.
Treatment of acute focal gastritis and duodenitis
The main thing, when treating any diseases associated with the digestive system - adhere to a special diet. With focal forms of duodenitis and gastritis, the patient should adhere to a number of rules.
The food that the patient will consume must be fresh and healthy. It is important that it is as chemically and thermally as possible. That is why, during the diet, salt, spicy, fatty, fried, smoked, too cold and hot foods are excluded.
The main way of cooking is quenching, cooking or steaming. Such food should be taken five times a day, in small portions. Doctors recommend the treatment of acute focal duodenitis and other similar diseases, use a variety of cereals, vegetable broths and soups, low-fat meat or fish, soft-boiled eggs or steam omelet, dairy products, vegetables and fruits.
You need to drink kiseli from fruits, natural compotes and herbal teas.
This mode of nutrition with focal duodenitis should be kept for a minimum of 3 weeks. When there comes a period of relief, you can gradually expand the daily diet.
In addition to dietary nutrition, medicament treatment should also be included.
Doctors prescribe the following medicines:
- painkillers( Platyphylline, No-shpa, Drotaverin);
- antacids( Pantoprazole, Almagel);
- protective coverings( De-nol, Visnol).
If after investigation Heliobacter pylori bacteria are detected, antibiotics are prescribed to kill the infection.
In order to prevent focal duodenitis and other dangerous diseases, one should adhere to the right, healthy diet. Limit yourself in the use of spicy, fatty salty foods and alcoholic beverages. It is important to note that a timely, regular visit to medical examinations is a prerequisite.