Althaea medicinal or popular name kalachiki, prosvirnyak, wild rose is a unique plant with healing abilities. Its useful properties have been known since ancient times, doctors around the world actively used it to treat all ailments. The plant has reached to our time, it is used in folk and traditional medicine. Althaea medicinal, photo and plant description are provided in this article.
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The main description of the plant
Althaea officinalis isherbaceous perennial plant, which is common in our country. The height of the main stem can reach up to 2 meters. The young ham has single stems, and the adult plant has about 10 well-developed shoots. From the main trunk there are many marked stems, which are directed upwards. The leaves are located along the entire length of the shoot. They have a rounded shape, and to the touch they are very soft, reminiscent of the fabric of the "bike".All leaves have a beautiful shape, and on the edges are located denticles. The root system of the wild rose is well developed. It consists of one main root, to which small roots are attached. In the section they have a yellowish tinge.
In the summer the plant blooms with beautiful flowers. All the inflorescences are located along the stem, they are collected in small bundles, so on one peduncle there are from 2 to 5 flowers. All flowers have 5 petals, they are usually white or pink. Althaeus is a fruitful plant, its fruit ripens closer to the autumn. They have a flat discoid shape, in the middle contains many small seeds. Thanks to the seeds, the plant spreads freely over long distances. Cultivation from seeds can be made and on own site. For this, it is necessary to collect the seeds and to sow them in the garden. Watering should be moderate, so that the roots do not start to rot. The right care to let grow a medicinal plant, at your dacha.
Rules for the collection and harvesting of the althea
The roots in the altea are the most valuable, although leaves are sometimes used. It is in the rhizome that all useful properties of the plant are stored. It is necessary to prepare the harvest in the early spring( until the plant has given all its strength to growth) or late autumn. With the help of a garden tool( shovel or pitchfork), the entire plant is dug out. Then it is necessary to separate the roots from the stem. As a rule, only roots are left for harvesting, so they must be thoroughly shaken off from the remnants of the earth.
The main stem root is cut off, leaving only the young lateral roots. All raw materials are thoroughly washed in water, it is important not to separate the top layer. After that all the roots are dried in the open air. After a few days they become sluggish, so they can be easily crushed, to the required size. Dry roots can be in the open air or in the oven, it is important to ensure that they do not appear insects and mold. Correctly harvested roots break well. They have a sweet aftertaste and a specific flavor.
Important! The roots of the drug althea well absorb moisture, so it must be stored in a dry and well ventilated room. If this rule is neglected, mold will appear on the roots, and they will lose useful characteristics.
Useful properties of wild roses
Since ancient times healing properties of althea have been known, therefore it is often used in folk medicine. The rhizome contains a lot of useful mucus, which protects the inner shells in the body. In addition, mucus restores the work of systems and organs and stimulates cells to actively work. In addition to this important component, the plant contains many other useful substances:
- polysaccharide( mucus), which in the body breaks up into other substances;
- oils are oily;
- mineral salts.
Althaea medicinal, use in medicine
Pharmacognosy is a science that studies field plants. Experts of this organization carefully studied the marshmallows, and came to the conclusion that it should be widely used in modern and traditional medicine. He copes well with many diseases. From this plant prepare infusions, decoctions, powder and syrup. All these drugs help to overcome such common diseases:
- pneumonia, FLU;
- whooping cough, bronchitis;
- ARI, tracheitis;
- chronic prostatitis;
- prostate adenoma;
- allergic conjunctivitis;
- diseases of the digestive system;
- increased gastric acidity.
Obviously, the mallow is able to cure many diseases. The main condition is to prepare the medicine correctly. However, before using it is important to consult a doctor, he will be able to assess the patient's condition and give the best recommendations.
Contraindications to the use of the
raspberries Althaea medicinal regains excellent health. No adverse reactions were observed when taking medications on the basis of this plant. However, it should be taken with caution by some people. This category includes:
- children under 2 years of age;
- in the first trimester of pregnancy;
- patients with elevated blood sugar;
- severe respiratory problems;
- personal intolerance to the plant;
- for varicose veins;
- advanced stage of thrombosis;
- regular constipation.
Before beginning to take herbal medicines, you must exclude all of the above contraindications. It is important to self-harm not to hurt your health.
Simple recipes that restore health
In folk medicine, a wild rose is widely used, as it restores the functioning of the body. Below are some effective recipes that help with different diseases.
- With pneumonia. Take 1 tbsp.a spoonful of dry small roots and brewed in 250 mg of boiling water. Then it is necessary to wait until the broth cools and drain it. Take 75 mg three times a day.
- Sore spots on the skin. To prepare the broth take 2 tbsp.spoons of roots and pour 500 ml of water. The mixture must be boiled for 10-15 minutes. Then give it to cool and drain. Gauze bandages carefully soaked in a decoction, and put on sore spots. The procedure must be done 2 times a day, sutra and before bedtime.
- With bronchitis and tracheitis. It is best to prepare a breastfeed, for this take such plants:
- root of the althea 40 g;
- licorice root 15 g;
- leaves of mother-and-stepmother 20 g;
- fennel fruit 10 g;
- Mullein flowers 10 g.
All components are combined and mixed well. For a medicine, take 1 tbsp.spoon the mixture and pour it 250 mg of water. Infusion is taken 4 times a day, until complete recovery.
- With conjunctivitis. To prepare the infusion, you need 3 parts of a spoonful of dried althea roots, pour 250 ml of chilled boiled water. The mixture is insisted for 8 hours, after which it is filtered. Gauze wipes are lowered into the received medicine so that they absorb the decoction, and then they are applied to the eyes.
Nature has presented many medicinal plants that restore health. Althaeus is one of them, so it is important to use it in the right proportions and then it will cure various diseases. Be healthy!