After pancreatitis, various complications can occur, among which the most common is the formation of so-called false cysts, determined by palpation in the area of the pancreas. In themselves false cysts are not neoplasms: it is a cluster of blood clots, digestive enzymes and dead pancreatic tissue located directly in the gland or in surrounding tissues.
Similar consequences of pancreatitis are observed in the rapidly recovering patients of the acute pancreatic attack field. The forecast of false cysts depends on many factors: their location, composition and size. In some cases, they can resolve themselves, but most often surgery is required, in which the cyst is opened and washed. If this is not done, the false cyst may be suppurated, which in turn leads to a more severe complication of pancreatitis associated with an abscess and the possibility of developing bleeding.
To determine the development of complication of pancreatitis in the form of a false cyst, it is possible to perform an ultrasound examination of a rapidly recovering patient, during which the location of the cysts is easily determined, as well as their size and shape.
After an attack of the pancreas, purulent complications are also observed. The exact reasons for their development have not yet been established. In the medical environment, discussions are held about the source of infectious agents that penetrate into the tissues of the inflamed pancreas and cause the formation of abscesses.
Despite the lack of consensus on the source of purulent processes, the approach to their treatment is always the same: with the formation of abscesses, immediate surgical intervention is performed, the purpose of which is to open the abscess and drain it.
The purulent complications of pancreatitis can be determined on the basis of the increased temperature of the patient, chills and his general severe condition. If the measures are not taken in a timely manner, a lethal outcome is possible.
Even more severe complication after pancreatitis may be the development of bleeding, resulting from perforation of pancreatic vessels. The most dangerous in this case is the breakthrough of the splenic artery. Blood can accumulate around the gland, as well as in the abdominal cavity. In this case, there is a drop in blood pressure, rapid heart rate and panic condition of the patient. The prognosis of such a serious complication depends to a large extent on rapid surgical intervention.