Types of gastroenteritis

Such a disease as gastroenteritis, specialists are divided into several species, which, although they have a similar symptomatology, but their causative agent is different and the choice of the method of therapy depends on this. First of all, this gastrointestinal pathology is divided into 2 main types, each of which contains several types:

  • Infectious gastroenteritis. The etiology of this type of disease is often unclear, since its causative agent may be various bacteria and viruses. It is transmitted mainly by the fecal-oral route and is most common among the children's age group;
  • Non-infectious disease. It also includes several species that can develop due to an allergic reaction or food poisoning. Patients of all age groups are subject to this type of gastroenteritis.

Both types of gastrointestinal pathology have a similar symptomatology, the manifestation of which depends on the severity of the disease:

  • Spilled over the abdomen or localized in the navel region of pain;
  • Watery diarrhea with impurities of mucus and traces of blood;
  • Frequent vomiting.

In addition to intestinal manifestations, this disease also has general physiological symptoms - malaise, fever and headaches. But only the symptoms for the purpose of appropriate treatment is not enough. It is necessary to know the causative agent of pathology. In the infectious type of gastroenteritis, it is usually several kinds of microorganisms: rotavirus, coronavirus, parvovirus, salmonella, cholera vibrio and E. coli. The purpose of treatment in this case should be connected with the destruction of the microorganism, which became a prerequisite for this disease.

In addition to intestinal manifestations, this disease also has general physiological symptoms - malaise, fever and headaches. But only the symptoms for the purpose of appropriate treatment is not enough. It is necessary to know the causative agent of pathology. In the infectious type of gastroenteritis, it is usually several kinds of microorganisms: rotavirus, coronavirus, parvovirus, salmonella, cholera vibrio and E. coli. The purpose of treatment in this case should be connected with the destruction of the microorganism, which became a prerequisite for this disease.

Non-infectious gastroenteritis presupposes the following:

  • Toxic, caused by uncontrolled use of medications or ingestion of toxins into the intestine;
  • Radiation, obtained from large doses of radiation;
  • Allergic or eosinophilic is obtained as a result of the occurrence of an allergic reaction to certain types of products;
  • Alimensional. The cause of its occurrence is the abuse of alcohol and spicy food, as well as a constant overeating.

Despite the type of gastroenteritis in a patient, treatment should be comprehensive, including mandatory strict diet, medications, suitable recipes of traditional medicine, as well as exercise therapy. Only when all the prescriptions of a specialist are fulfilled, there is a hope to forget forever about this serious pathology.

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