Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines is provoked by different pathogens and for various reasons. Among the most common types of gastroenteritis in the first place is viral, and after it is called bacterial. The mechanism of development of the inflammatory process depends on the type of bacteria. For example, enterotoxigenic strains of Escherichia, Vibrio cholorae, located in the intestinal mucosa, release enterotoxins leading to watery diarrhea.
Such bacteria as shigella, salmonella, penetrating the intestinal mucosa, cause the appearance of bleeding, microscopic ulcers accompanied by diarrhea. At the same time, blood and leukocyte and erythrocyte content are noted in feces. Antibiotics for gastroenteritis are prescribed if a bacterial disease is found. However, the antibiotic prescription for antibacterial therapy is far from always justified due to the formation of drug-resistant strains of microorganisms.
Drugs for gastroenteritis
The list of antibiotics used to treat gastroenteritis is quite extensive, but the exact choice depends on the results of the studies. If you use antibiotics with a very broad spectrum of action, they are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and do not have an effective effect on eliminating the causes of the disease. One of the most common drugs with gastroenteritis is Biseptol, consisting of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim.
The effect of the drug on bacteria is associated with a violation of the formation of folic acid, which is a necessary condition for the synthesis of microorganisms by purine compounds. Antibiotic of a wide range of effects, Biseptolum is prescribed after testing for sensitivity to ensure its greatest effectiveness.
Antibiotics are not used to treat gastroenteritis, as they increase diarrhea. However, in determining the diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis caused by bacteria such as shigella, E. coli, antibiotics are indispensable. The appointment should be made only by a doctor. The appointment with gastroenteritis of Trichopolis is explained by the fact that this is perhaps the most effective antibiotic for treating such a rare form of the disease as giardiasis. In addition, Trichopol is used in the treatment of:
- intra-abdominal infections;
- infectious processes in female genitalia, bones and joints caused by anaerobic bacteria;
- prevention of anaerobic infection;
- of the lower respiratory tract;
- endocarditis, pseudomembric colitis;
- chronic alcoholism.
Contraindications to the use of an antibiotic is pregnancy, breastfeeding and hypersensitivity to the drug. With the restriction, it is possible to use an antibiotic for diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system, the liver. With individual intolerance and overdose, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea are possible.
For the treatment of giardiasis gastroenteritis, the administration of the drug is prescribed by mouth 400 mg three times a day. The course of treatment is five days, and when the dose is reduced to 250 mg and taken twice a day, the course is extended to ten days. Control of the completeness of the cure is carried out two to three months after the completion of the course of treatment. With giardiasis gastroenteritis, the causative agents are the simplest( amoebas, lamblia) that are found in poor-quality drinking water. The use of such drugs as antibiotics for long-term therapy is undesirable, since in this case the imbalance of normal and pathogenic microflora occurs in the gastrointestinal tract.