The most common worms in our time are pinworms. Most often this helminth can be found in small children. This is due to the fact that the kids are constantly pulling everything into their mouths. Parents can also be exposed to enterobiasis, but in most cases this happens if the family has a sick child.
To cope with the emerging problem, you need to pass the analysis to the pinworm. In addition, kindergartens and schools do not accept children if they do not have the results of analysis for pinworm eggs. It is necessary to know if the mother will accompany the child to the sections or mugs, she will also have to undergo a diagnosis.
How is the analysis done for enterobiasis?
To correctly diagnose a doctor, it is enough to look at the clinical picture, especially if the patient is a small child. Parents identify pinworm is much more difficult, so you may need to submit analysis for enterobiasis. The doctor should be sure that the patient does not have one of the following diseases:
- Diabetes mellitus;
- Renal failure;
- Hematological diseases;
- Atopic dermatitis.
It is enough for children to take the analysis for enterobiasis in the form of a scrap, with parents the situation is different, since it will take a lot of biomaterials to hand over. The patient is taken:
- Blood( general analysis);
- Blood for determining the level of glucose.
Without fail, before taking the analysis for enterobiosis, the patient is sent to a dermatologist.
Each patient should know how to take an enterobiosis assay. To determine helminthic invasion, you can use:
- Cotton buds;
- Adhesive tape.
How to properly assemble a house analysis, some may not know. The principle of using a cotton swab:
- It is necessary to use a cosmetic cotton swab, which is previously dipped in glycerol. Pay attention to the color and consistency of the liquid. It should be viscous and transparent. In this case, the stick itself must be dry;
- In the next step, you should gently push the buttocks apart. Then the fleece is wound around the anus;
- After collecting the analysis, the stick is placed in a small container, and then tightly closed. A perfume probe can be used as a container;
- Analysis of egg pinworm in the morning should be carried to the hospital.
How do I take an analysis to an adult if I do not have a cotton swab under my arm? To collect the material, you can use the adhesive tape:
- The width of the adhesive tape used must be at least 2 centimeters;
- It is enough to cut 5 centimeters in length;
- You need to be more careful, since it's important to pass the analysis correctly. A piece of adhesive tape is gently stuck in the area of the anus;
- In the next step, the used tape should be glued to a piece of glass and wrapped with paper;
- If urgent analysis is required for enterobiosis, the glass immediately belongs to the polyclinic.
All this can be done at the hospital, since the analysis for enterobiosis in the hospital is submitted in the same way. It is only necessary to choose the right time. For those who still decided to pass the analysis on enterobiasis at home, you can watch the corresponding video, so that everything was done without errors.
How much analysis is done for enterobiasis?
After the smear has been taken, it is necessary to deliver it to the laboratory as soon as possible. Regardless of how long the pinch test is being performed, the result can only be reached by the treating doctor in a few days, so do not wait for it immediately after the swab is delivered. Many patients do not know how long a helminthiasis test is done. Regardless of the workload of the laboratory technicians, a cotton swab should be placed under the microscope no later than 8 hours after the patient has taken the tests.
Since the diagnosis of enterobiasis is not long, laboratory technicians can have time to check a large amount of collected material for their working day. To make a test, a laboratory employee should look at a cotton swab or glass under a microscope for a few minutes. After that, the lab technician records the results.
Some patients need to quickly get the result of the analysis, so they do not know where the biomaterial can be taken. You can choose either a paid or public medical institution or a laboratory. In order not to stand in line, it is necessary to collect the material at home, as it can be seen on any relevant photo. Timing is best not to delay and a swab immediately after the collection is attributed to the laboratory.
Preparation for delivery of the analysis for enterobiasis
It must be remembered that in addition to pinworms, other helminths may be present in the body, so it is recommended to hand over feces. It is best to undergo preliminary preparation for the delivery of biomaterial for enterobiosis. First of all it is recommended to visit the laboratory, where the lab technician will issue a special container.
Since at home it is much easier to take the analysis, the stools should be collected in the container in the early morning. After that, the container is tightly closed with a lid. To diagnose feces must fill at least a third of the capacity. After that, the patient is recommended to write in a legible handwriting or block letters the name and date of birth, as well as the time of collection of stool, and only after that it is possible to take the container to the laboratory.
A similar test for enterobiasis is done for several days, but the timing can be shortened if urgent hospitalization is needed. In this case, the terms of the study are reduced.
In addition to correctly passing the test for enterobiosis, a person should know how to store stool masses. A container with faeces may be placed in the refrigerator, but it is better not to leave them there for a long time. Detailed instructions can be found on the corresponding video.
How much analysis is done for enterobiasis depends on what the laboratory assistant is looking for. In most cases, in addition to eggs in feces, hidden blood is sought. Erythrocytes can appear with destruction of intestinal walls, gastrointestinal bleeding or tumors.
Regardless of how the enterobiosis will be investigated and where the patient wants to take biomaterials, it is necessary to perform some actions. Preparation for delivery of material for enterobiasis should consist of the following procedures:
- The diet excludes meat products, blueberries, beets, green onions and beans, as they contain iron;
- The diet must necessarily consist of white bread, dairy products and fresh fruit. Such a diet should be observed for 5 days;
- To prevent bleeding gums, it is best not to brush your teeth for 2 days;
- Exclude the use of enemas and laxatives in the home.
Since it is necessary to take the biomaterial carefully, do not strain heavily to avoid the appearance of ruptures and bleeding. If there is constipation, you should seek help from a doctor.
Regardless of how much the result of the diagnosis is being prepared, the doctor should carefully check everything. In most cases, patients are sent for re-diagnosis. This is due to the fact that the eggs appear after a certain period. It is recommended to visit the doctor 3 times with an interval of 2 days and take the biomaterial. If eggs and adults are not found, then the patient does not have pinworm in the body. For certainty, you can do an x-ray to see helminths on the photo. If the deadline is short, the patient is sent to the ultrasound, due to which the adult pinworms appear on the video.
Most often, traces of pinworms appear during a second examination. Once the pinworms are confirmed, the doctor will immediately prescribe the appropriate treatment.