The development of psoriasis at the initial stage is accompanied by the appearance on the skin of rashes in the form of papules - red convex formations, in appearance resembling pimples. Their surface is covered with silvery or whitish exfoliating scales. Appearing separately, they tend to merge and form large areas.
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Symptoms and treatment of psoriasis of the head
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Treating psoriasis at home with folk remedies
How psoriasis is manifested
Skin infection is accompanied by itching, redness, peeling on the spot of papules. Most often, rashes are located on the bends of the elbows and knees. However, their appearance on other parts of the body, including on the face, scalp, and hands is not ruled out. As the development of psoriasis affects an ever larger body surface. Infectious psoriasis or not, you can ask a doctor or read in our article.
The psoriasis of the initial stage on the head develops on its scalp, spreading mainly on the skin around the ears, ear lobes, forehead, occipital part, back of the neck, and punching of the scalp. It is also accompanied by itching, scaling of the skin due to the formed papules. Symptoms at an early stage are of low severity and do not cause significant concern to the patient.
Important! About the symptoms and treatment of psoriasis on the head can be read in our article.
The appearance of psoriasis does not depend on age: it occurs in infants and preschool children. The causes and symptoms of psoriasis are similar to adults. Appear typical eruptions, accompanied by itching and flaking. The treatment scheme is not fundamentally different. The cause of psoriasis in children is often a hereditary predisposition. In some cases, the hospitalization of the child is required.
Photo of psoriasis of the initial stage
Treatment at home
Treatment of psoriasis at home requires a comprehensive approach aimed at combating external manifestations of the disease and achieving a stable remission. When the first signs of psoriasis appear, treatment can consist of both medication and supplementation with folk medicine.
At the initial stage, treatment procedures can be performed at home. They consist of:
- topical treatment;
- oral medication;
- application of traditional medicine;
- compliance with diet;
- physiotherapy in a day hospital.
As a rule, the question of how to treat psoriasis at the initial stage is solved together with the attending physician-dermatologist. At an early stage, local remedies are mainly used to relieve symptoms, speed up recovery and relieve skin inflammation. These are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ointments from psoriasis and creams based on salicylic acid, tar of birch, ichthyol and naphthalan ointment.
Complement therapy can receive antihistamines for itching - suprastin, fenistil, etc.
As a physiotherapy, laser therapy, reflexotherapy, acupuncture, cryotherapy, phototherapy, UV-exposure are used.
Folk remedies are applied in the form of:
- lotions, lotions based on infusions of herbs;
- ingestion of infusions and decoctions;
- baths with medicinal herbs;
- self-made ointments.
Thanks to the restorative-anti-inflammatory properties of herbs and other medicinal plants, you can cure psoriasis forever, and will have greater success.
Treatment should be accompanied by dietary intake, additional intake of vitamin-mineral complexes, in particular, vitamins B and vitamin D. They have a positive effect on the regulation of metabolic processes, have anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect, accelerate the healing period, improve lipid-carbohydrate metabolism.
A healthy lifestyle, a calm psycho-emotional atmosphere contribute to the speedy recovery and prevention of exacerbation of psoriasis.
Treatment with folk remedies
Folk remedies can supplement the main medicamental therapy, accelerate the regeneration and restoration of tissues, relieve itching and other symptoms of psoriasis.
With the appearance of itching and flaky skin, bathing with sea salt and infusion from the string and chamomile is very good. For the preparation of infusion 2 tbsp.l. Each herb is brewed with 1 liter of water. Leave to cool and let stand for 30 minutes. Then strain and add to the bath. It is also necessary to add 4-5 st.l.sea salt. The duration of the bath is 20 minutes. The water temperature should not be too high.
Also affected areas on the legs, hands, face and other parts of the body are treated with infusions of medicinal herbs. For this purpose, you should brew a teaspoon of nettle, burdock root, licorice and aire, alternating with 2 cups of boiling water. Let it brew and cool, wipe the skin several times a day.
To remove the itching and flaking help lotions from the flowers of chamomile, roots of valerian, yarrow, motherwort and string. It is necessary to take 1 tbsp.l.herbs, pour 1 cup boiling water. Let stand for 30 minutes, make sure that the infusion has cooled to a comfortable temperature. After moistening a clean bandage or gauze in it, apply to problem areas at least 2 times a day.
For faster regeneration of the skin, its healing, relieving itching, reducing peeling will help ointment cooked at home.
It is made from:
- fish oil;
- pine resin;
- of aloe juice;
- olive oil;
- of birch tar;
Ingredients should be taken in equal proportions. Add a few drops of sea buckthorn oil to the resulting mass. Leave to stand overnight. Strain before use. Lubricate affected areas daily. Store in a cool dark place under a closed lid.
Sea buckthorn oil
Sea buckthorn oil can be used alone. It has unique properties, promoting faster healing, softens and soothes the skin. Oil can be added to ointments and creams or used separately.
Decoction for immunity
It is recommended to drink decoctions of herbs as a general restorative and to improve immunity during the exacerbation of psoriasis. St. John's wort, leaves of nettle and dandelion have healing properties and contribute to an increase in vitality, and also have a soothing effect.
The broth should be prepared from herbs mixed in equal proportions.
- Take 1 tbsp.l.mix, pour clean water and put on a water bath.
- After boiling, turn off and allow to cool. Take half the glass 2 times a day.
- The course of admission continues while disturbing the symptoms of psoriasis. For preventive purposes, it is necessary to repeat the procedure once every six months.
Medications for exacerbation of psoriasis
The main tasks of treatment of psoriasis: eliminate its symptoms and achieve a long-term remission. As medicamental agents of treatment, a wide range of drugs is applied, the action of which is aimed at solving these problems.
Several groups of drugs are used:
- hormonal / nonhormonal;
Drugs are used in the form of ointments, creams and tableted form. They are appointed in the complex and are selected individually. The purpose of these or other drugs depends on the degree of damage to psoriasis and the stage of its course.
To accelerate the process of regeneration and death of scales, keratolytic ointments are used. Such properties have salicylic, tar, tar-sulfur ointment, cream Unna. These are nonhormonal drugs, which are recommended from time to time to alternate, to avoid addiction.
Corticosteroids are prescribed in the absence of the effect of other drugs, usually in later stages of psoriasis. The popularity of their use is due to high efficiency due to pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. One of the negative aspects of its frequent use is the risk of psoriasis in a more severe form during the next relapse. Long-term use of corticosteroids can lead to atrophy of the skin. It is recommended to periodically use funds on their basis with a mandatory break. Preparations are issued in the form of ointments, creams and lotions.
Combined drugs that include corticosteroids, antibiotics, salicylic acid have proven successful.
In addition to drugs that fight with external manifestations of psoriasis, sedatives are used to normalize the psychological background, during periods of stress and psychoemotional arousal. These funds include valerian and motherwort.
In the presence of itching and allergic reactions, therapy is supplemented with the intake of antihistamines. They are taken on indications and are not leading in the complex therapy. Admission is carried out orally: fenistil, tavegil, diazolin.
Important! At the initial stage of the manifestation of the disease, the emphasis is on the use of local means. In the absence of effect, therapeutic therapy is adjusted after consultation with a dermatologist.
Treatment and prevention of psoriasis are associated not only with taking medications during an exacerbation. The patient also needs to follow a diet so that the duration of remission is as long as possible.
It is recommended to exclude from the diet:
- spicy food;
- citrus fruits, as well as vegetables and fruits of red color - tomatoes, strawberries, peppers, etc.;
- whole milk.
Under strict prohibition of drinking alcohol. Alcohol is one of the provoking factors of exacerbation of psoriasis.
In psoriasis, it is important to maintain the acid-base balance in the body. Food should be predominantly alkaline-forming - fruits and vegetables, and to a lesser extent acid-forming, that is, contain meat products, cereals, dairy products, potatoes.
It is also recommended to drink a day a sufficient amount of liquid - at least 1.5-2 liters of pure still water. Freshly squeezed juices are also acceptable, but they will not enter the total amount of liquid consumed.
The diet should be supplemented with the use of vegetable oils with a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. It can be olive, corn or unrefined sunflower oil. They should be added to salads and other dishes. However, frying with such oils is not recommended, since they lose their useful properties and contain a large number of carcinogens after this kind of heat treatment.
In addition to the entire treatment, certain conditions must be observed to increase the duration of remission, to prevent exacerbation and to achieve maximum efficacy:
- to avoid stressful situations and psychoemotional disorders;
- to exclude alcohol and smoking;
- to take vitamin-mineral complexes with vitamin D, as well as vitamins of group B;
- avoid temperature fluctuations and prolonged exposure to dry, cold or vice versa too hot and humid conditions;
- maintain skin hydration and its natural water balance;
- Avoid mechanical damage to the skin.
- when prescribing medicines, it is necessary to clarify the presence of psoriasis, since some drugs may cause its aggravation. For example, beta-blockers.
Modern medicine can not yet achieve complete healing of psoriasis. The reasons for its appearance also remain ambiguous. Therefore, the patient needs to be attentive to his health, changing his lifestyle, abandoning bad habits, to make the period of remission longer and not to aggravate the development of this disease.