Exfoliative dermatitis is a lesion of the skin that is a complication of other diseases such as psoriasis, lichen, seborrheic or atopic dermatitis. The danger of such dermatitis is the defeat of almost the entire surface of the skin of the body. What kind of ailment and how to deal with it, should be considered in detail.
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Causes of exfoliative dermatitis
The development of this serious disease occurs as a result of the influence of such factors:
- previous skin diseases such as psoriasis, pitiriasis, other typesdermatitis;
- prolonged use of potent drugs;
- malignant tumors;
- use of narcotic drugs.
It's important to know! This skin disease can be complicated by the ingestion of pathogenic bacteria in the body!
Symptoms of the disease
Depending on the severity of the disease, there may be different symptoms. At the initial stage the patient begins to feel such ailments:
- the affected areas are covered with small vesicles with viscous contents;
- after a certain period of time, the vesicles are connected to each other and burst, which leads to the formation of bloody crusts;
- excessive skin peeling;
- changes the color of the skin.
With active development this disease without the required treatment passes into a more severe stage, which is accompanied by such signs in a person:
- deformation of the nails with their subsequent falling off;
- atypical dryness of mucous membranes;
- observed intense hair loss;
- severe itching in affected areas;
- heart palpitations;
- enlarged lymph nodes.
In addition to these symptoms, the patient may have a fever.
It's important to remember! At the first signs of skin disease, you need to seek help from a specialist! This will help avoid subsequent complications.
Species of the disease
This disease has several types, depending on the causes of its occurrence, namely:
- Bullous exfoliative dermatitis. It is an inflammation of the skin, as a result of which bubbles of medium size appear, filled with a transparent liquid. It develops usually due to the action of environmental stimuli, such as sudden changes in temperature, the influence of ultraviolet rays. Also can appear in people suffering from diseases of the endocrine system.
- Bubble dermatitis and its malignant form imply the appearance on the skin of small vesicles, which have the property to merge after a certain period of time. This is the most unfavorable form of the disease, as it is difficult to treat. Treatment of bladder dermatitis is long and complicated.
- Exfoliated dermatitis of Ritter. Disease, which occurs only in newborns. Characterized by severe lesions of the skin as a result of infection with streptococcus or staphylococcus. The disease manifests itself in the second week of the baby's life. There are reddening on the skin, which spread throughout the body quite dynamically. As the development begins to appear large bubbles, which are similar to burns. After 2 weeks of illness, the skin of the dead skin begins to leave in large layers. With correct therapy and proper care of the child can be quickly cured.
It's important to remember! At the first pathological manifestations on the skin it is required to consult a specialist who will prescribe the most effective treatment in each individual case!
Diagnosis of the disease
This form of dermatitis is easy to detect. To do this, the dermatologist carefully examines the patient's skin and sends it to a laboratory examination and a biopsy. Based on the results of the analyzes, the final diagnosis is made and the patient must immediately proceed with the complex treatment prescribed by the doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.
Dermatitis exfoliative: treatment of
How to treat this disease? Treatment of this form of dermatitis in adults, especially at a late stage of development, is carried out exclusively in stationary conditions. The patient is prescribed such therapeutic measures:
- Intoxication of the body. For this, a special intravenous drug is administered to the patient. The most effective medicines for this purpose are: Hemodez, Polydez, and also their analogues.
- Intravenous introduction of nutrient components for the recovery of the body. Most often in such cases, lipofundin is used.
- Use of anti-inflammatory, antitoxic and anti-shock drugs. Dosage is prescribed depending on the severity of the disease.
- If exfoliative dermatitis is of an infectious nature, then the patient should take antibiotics.
- For the removal of unpleasant symptoms accompanying this disease, the use of antihistamines is required. They will help to remove the itching and burning of the skin. The most common drugs of this kind are: Claritin, Suprastin, Tavegil and others.
Also for the treatment of patients, the use of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents of local action is useful and effective. Most often, such ointments and creams are used: Lorinden, Beloderm, Acriderm, Elok, and also agents with a similar effect on the affected skin.
Treatment in newborns
Exfoliative dermatitis of Ritter is an exceptionally childish infectious disease. The newborn needs therapy in a hospital in a separate room with his mother. Treatment includes the use of such medications:
- Intravenous administration of antibacterial drugs. This helps to eliminate staphylococci or streptococci. In parallel, it is required to use probiotics, which will prevent the violation of the intestinal microflora.
- Prevention of dehydration of the baby's body. For this, such drugs are used: Polyglukin, Hemolysis and so on.
- Treatment of the skin of the baby with furacilin solution followed by application of antibacterial ointments.
- Daily bathing of the child before bedtime in a solution of potassium permanganate. After the bath procedure, you need to wipe the baby thoroughly with ironed diapers on both sides.
It's important to remember! These procedures should be carried out until the child is fully recovered!
disease Since exfoliative dermatitis is a serious enough disease, preventive measures must be taken to prevent it. For this, one should adhere to such rules:
- in a timely manner to treat any forms of dermatitis;
- closely monitor the appearance of neoplasms on the skin;
- treat skin diseases until full recovery, because exfoliative dermatitis is most often a complication of other skin diseases;
- follow the diet, which was recommended by a specialist during the treatment period.
With correct exposure to the affected skin, this disease is treated quickly, without dangerous consequences.