Pancreatitis is one of the most serious diseases caused by impaired pancreatic function. With incorrect and untimely treatment, the disease can lead to the death of the patient. Therefore, the choice of the correct method of treatment is often the guarantee of a patient's life.
The definition of the severity and type of acute pancreatitis, as well as the principles of the applied treatment methods and their schemes, are enshrined in the standards, in many countries. For example, the British guide to the treatment of this disease suggests several types of such activities. This document specifies a standard for permissible mortality, depending on the severity of the disease, a standard for the time to establish the correct diagnosis for a patient with acute pancreatitis, a standard for determining the etiology and severity of the disease, a standard for the timing of computed tomography for patients with sepsis, and much more. Their fulfillment is called upon to raise the quality of patient care and t
o minimize the risk of mortality.
The principles are based on the principles of long-term research and statistical data on diseases of this kind. When the patient arrives, all the control standards for his initial examination, all necessary measures for establishing a reliable diagnosis and the designation of an effective scheme must be fulfilled.
The protocol of primary examination of the patient with acute pancreatitis is still in the admission department and is carried out according to the principle of selecting the characteristics of the disease from the general clinical picture of the patient, according to a strictly fixed scheme. If at least some of the signs indicated in the protocol take place, a preliminary diagnosis is made. Then the principle and method are chosen. The protocol stipulates not only the method of treating the pancreas in acute pancreatitis, but also the relevant protocols stipulate the principles of conducting certain types of laboratory studies and even the use of surgical intervention. The protocol for laparoscopy specifies cases when this type of research can be included in the treatment and diagnostic regimen.
The protocol of methods and principles of treatment of patients with acute forms of the disease makes it possible to build the most effective scheme. After all, different principles and methods are used for different forms of the disease. If medication is used for mild forms of acute pancreatitis, then according to the protocol, severe forms of acute pancreatitis, with concomitant enzyme peritonitis, include surgical intervention of varying complexity in the treatment regimen.
Standards and protocols for examination, diagnosis and the principles of the necessary studies allow you to choose the appropriate method and develop a procedure for procedures that can remove an acute attack of the disease as soon as possible.