Very often, when the gastrointestinal mucosa is inflamed, the cardial opening widens. In this case, gastroduodenitis is diagnosed with cardia deficiency. In order to explain why it becomes possible to have two pathologies at once, it is necessary to know how the gastrointestinal tract works.
Food in the oral cavity is grinded and enters the esophagus and from there to the stomach. There it is digested with the help of gastric juice, which contains peptones and hydrochloric acid. That food does not go back to the esophagus, on its border there is a special sphincter, similar to the ring of muscles. When the food in the stomach is digested, it tightly closes, preventing the entry of hydrochloric acid on the delicate epithelium of the esophagus. Thus, the normal functioning of the valve prevents a chemical burn of the esophagus. With incomplete closure of the sphincter, a pathology develops, which is called cardiac insufficiency. It can arise for several reasons.
Why does cardia fail?
Most often provokes excessive dysfunction in the stomach. It is always formed in it during the digestion of food, pressure helps push the food lump further into the bowel. In the normal state, the pressure does not exceed 3.5 mmHg. But in the presence of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, processes are formed that can increase the pressure inside the stomach twentyfold. The cause may be flatulence, fermentation, which occurs due to undigested food. These symptoms almost always accompany gastroduodenitis, the incidence of cardia in this case, is a consequence of this pathology.
Dysfunction of the sphincter can occur and because of a malfunction of the smooth muscles that are under the diaphragm. They protect the sphincter from stretching, reliably keeping it in its normal physiological position. To break their elasticity can:
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract( gastroduodenitis including).
- Large amount of food eaten before bedtime.
- A sedentary lifestyle.
- Herniated aperture.
The main symptoms of gastroduodenitis and cardia deficiency
Both gastroduodenitis and cardia deficiency have common symptoms. The patient complains of pain in the esophagus, constant heartburn, acidic eructations and nausea. If there is gastroduodenitis, often its close companion becomes esophagitis - a chronic inflammation of the walls of the esophagus. On its presence indicates a white coating on the tongue, a constant rumbling in the stomach, severe weakness and dizziness.