Antibiotics for dysbacteriosis are required primarily in order to suppress the excessive growth of bacteria in the intestinal cavity. For this, antibiotics from tetracycline, cephalosporin, penicillin and quinolonone group are usually used, as well as Metronidazole.
Due to the use of antibiotics, the balance of pathogenic and beneficial microorganisms can be seriously disturbed, therefore they are used for dysbacteriosis, accompanied by a violation of absorption processes and intestinal motility.
Antibiotics should be taken for a maximum of 10 days only on medical advice, inside at the usual dosage.
In the case of diseases that are accompanied by the appearance of intestinal dysbiosis, antibiotics can also be prescribed that inhibit the development of pathogenic microorganisms such as protaeus, staphylococcus, yeast fungi and other aggressive types of microbes. At the same time, there is as little impact on the microbial flora of the intestine.
For intestinal dysbacteriosis, the following antibiotics are mainly used: Amoxicillin, Alpha Normix, Flemoxin Solutab and Levomycetin.
Amoxicillin for dysbacteriosis
This drug is a semi-synthetic antibiotic of a wide range of effects related to the penicillin group. The effectiveness of the drug can be noticed already quickly enough. Like other antibiotics of this group, with dysbacteriosis, it can inhibit the synthesis of the intestinal cell wall. The strains of microorganisms that produce beta-lactamases are resistant to the effects of the drug. Amoxicillin is sufficiently resistant to acidic medium, due to which it is effective in case of oral administration.
Contraindications Amoxicillin for intestinal dysbacteriosis includes hypersensitivity to penicillin mantibiotics, as well as infectious mononucleosis. Perhaps the emergence of side effects, manifested in allergic reactions, fever, painful sensations in the joints. In addition, the onset of development of superinfection may occur with the appearance of diarrhea and a feeling of nausea.
Amoxicillin is prescribed to adults 500 mg several times a day. If the dysbacteriosis of the intestine has a severe course, it is possible to take 1 g several times a day.
Children in the age category from 5 to 10 years are prescribed 250 mg several times a day, from 2-5 years - 125 mg several times a day, children under two years - according to the calculation of 20 mg per kilogram of body weight when dividedfor 3 admission. The course of treatment is from 5 days to 12 days.
Alpha Normix for dysbacteriosis
Is a non-systemic antibiotic of a wide range of effects. Rifaximin acts as an active substance. The drug can be used for intestinal dysbacteriosis caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, acute infection of the intestine, and also as preventive measures to prevent this ailment.
The preparation is given in the form of tablets and suspensions. Alfa Normix tablets with intestinal dysbacteriosis should be taken to patients over 12 years of age, one tablet every 8 hours. Duration of treatment with this drug does not exceed 7 days, and will be determined in accordance with the clinical picture of the patient. The repeated course should be conducted not earlier than a month and a half.
Antibiotic suspension for dysbacteriosis should be diluted as follows: a vial of granules is opened, water is added to the label. The concentration is 5 ml 100 mg. To measure the required amount of suspension, use a spoon, which is attached to the drug. The prepared suspension should be in a stable state for a week at room temperature no more than 30 degrees. Before taking Alpha Normix, the vial should be shaken well.
This antibiotic for intestinal dysbacteriosis has contraindications and side effects, so it is worth asking for help from a specialist.
Flemoxin Solutab for dysbiosis
The drug is an antibiotic of a wide range of effects, and refers to semi-synthetic penicillin preparations. The action for bacterial dysbacteriosis is bactericidal. Antibiotic is not used in the presence of infectious mononucleosis and lymphaticosis, as well as with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug or other beta-lactam drugs. It is worth noting that the use of Flemoxin Solutab during childbearing or lactation increases the risk of side effects. In addition, in a small number of components of the drug are excreted in breast milk, which is the reason for the development of sensitization in the child.
Dosage is determined after the installation of an accurate clinical picture of the patient who has an intestinal dysbacteriosis, and also takes into account the degree of disturbances in the intestinal microflora, the sensitivity to the drug and the age of the patient.
For adults and children over 10 years of age, 500 to 750 mg every 12 hours or 375-500 mg every 8 hours is prescribed. For children aged 3 to 10 years, the use of Flemoxin Solutab is recommended at 372 mg every 12 hours, or 250 mg every 8 hours. Children in the age group of 1 to 3 years should take the drug 250 mg every 12 hours or 125 mg every 8 hours.
Levomycetin for dysbacteriosis
Is an antimicrobial agent of a wide range of effects. It has pronounced bacteriostatic properties, due to which it has bactericidal properties. Levomycetin is used for dysbacteriosis caused by infection of the intestine, diseases of the abdominal cavity, and also if other antibiotics are not effective or can not be taken for any reason.
Adults receive this antibiotic for intestinal dysbacteriosis in the form of tablets of 250-500 mg several times a day. For children between the ages of 8 and 16, 250 mg is allowed every 8 hours. The course of treatment of the order of a week - one and a half continues. It is also possible to use powder for injection.