Gastroduodenitis, gastritis and esophagitis are considered quite common gastrointestinal pathologies. Gastritis is a disease that occurs in the form of inflammation of the gastric wall, and when this process passes to the duodenum, it is called gastroduodenitis. These diseases, as well as esophagitis suffer a large part of the population.
As a result of irregular eating and non-compliance with diet, eating dry, eating rough and spicy foods, as well as penetrating intestinal infection, liver and pancreas diseases, gastritis, esophagitis and gastroduodenitis occur.
The first symptoms that indicate the presence of the disease and the necessary start of treatment are able to surprise you. Gastritis and gastroduodenitis make themselves felt by nausea, manifested on an empty stomach, as well as by an emetic reflex and sharp pains, as in esophagitis.
With gastritis, heartburn occurs, either "acidic" eructation, diarrhea or constipation and flatulence.
Often in the case of a latent ailment, a person does not reveal signs at all, so he does not suspect about a disease that has a devastating effect on the stomach.
In case of detection of the above symptoms, specialists conduct qualified diagnostics. If there are suspicions of gastritis and gastroduodenitis, the doctor will examine the patient using X-rays and esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Moreover, in modern medicine, such diseases are simply diagnosed with the use of ultrasound.
Treatment of gastritis and esophagitis
As a rule, doctors when finding esophagitis and other ailments of the gastrointestinal tract recommend first of all compliance with the appropriate diet: a few days you should try not to eat anything at all, and then you can eat warm, rubbed food.
For the treatment of gastritis and esophagitis, doctors prescribe medications of various types: adsorbents and painkillers, as well as preparations for enveloping the stomach. If necessary, doctors prescribe antibiotics. In most situations, the course of treatment takes about two weeks, and the diet is recommended and for the period after therapy.
Patients with chronic diseases should be examined twice a year and be registered at the dispensary.
The right diet for esophagitis and gastritis
Therapy of this ailment always involves following a special diet, the basis of which is batch nutrition. The greater the amount of food eaten at one time, the more gastric juice is produced that irritates the esophagus. That's why with esophagitis, in no case can you overeat!
The main principle of a diet for esophagitis and gastritis is a ban on food intake before bedtime. In addition, patients with this disease are not allowed to consume milk, which increases the acidity of the juice. Also an important point is the refusal of spices, fatty foods and acidic products, which are provokers of heartburn. It should be understood that fatty dishes are considered enemies not only for a slender figure, but also for our esophagus. Fat can stay in the stomach for a long period of time and lead to the allocation of juice in a large volume.
To neutralize excessive acidity, it is worth using the following foods: pasta, potatoes, bran bread and cereals. In addition to the listed products, it is also advised to take in food as much as possible those that are enriched in cellulose.