In 50 cases out of 100 people diagnosed with chronic gastroduodenitis are diagnosed, the diet helps reduce the load on the gastrointestinal tract and create the most favorable conditions for drug treatment. During the acute phase, the patient is prescribed diet number 1 in the early days, then indulgences are made, and table No. 5 is prescribed. On how seriously the patient will treat all rules, the duration of remission will depend.
Before describing the features of a diet for chronic gastroduodenitis, it makes sense to get acquainted with the general recommendations that each patient gets to the gastroenterologist during an exacerbation of the disease:
- It is necessary to provide frequent and fractional nutrition. There are five to six times a day in small portions. The main thing is not to allow long breaks between meals.
- I'll have to try, eat at the same time, chewing food for a long time. Correctly selected rhythm helps restore the rhythm of the motility of the gastrointestinal tract.
- The next point - eating during the treatment of chronic gastroduodenitis should not irritate the mucosa wall either by its chemical composition, or by its solid consistency, or by its high temperature. Therefore, it is necessary to exclude from the diet products that stimulate the production of gastric juice. You can not eat meat and fish broths, spicy seasonings, salted and smoked delicacies, fried foods, drinking coffee, black tea in case of chronic gastroduodenitis, it is necessary to completely abandon alcohol and cigarettes.
- In order to prevent mechanical damage to the mucosa, it is worth noting the use of fruits and vegetables with coarse fiber. All dishes are steamed, all products are crushed, grinded in a meat grinder, the whole cereal is ground in a coffee grinder, the vegetables are rubbed on a grater.
- The correct diet for chronic gastroduodenitis consists of dishes served in a strictly warm form. You can not eat much cold( ice cream), much hotter( directly from the plate).
- It is advisable to include products with high nutritional value into the patient's diet so that they can compensate for the energy costs of the organism.
- During an exacerbation the patient can be provided with nutrition in a day hospital, in which the diet for chronic gastroduodenitis is strictly gentle.
- The duration of the diet is strictly limited. It can not be observed forever, the allowed maximum is a month, then it is gradually necessary to go over to the usual diet, to the usual methods of preparation, but it is not worthwhile to hand over and abuse harmful gastronomic excesses.
Nutrition for chronic gastroduodenitis in remission phase
If the exacerbation stages alternate with prolonged remissions, a chronic gastroduodenitis is diagnosed, the diet during remission differs from nutrition during an exacerbation. In the absence of pronounced symptoms of large restrictions should not be entered. In this case, the task of therapeutic nutrition is somewhat different - it will be necessary to control the production of hydrochloric acid. So, for example, gastric juice is produced in small quantities, gastroenterologists advise how to train the function of acid production and include in the diet of soy products( steep meat, fish and mushroom broths, a lot of fresh vegetables and fruits, salted herring, pre-soakedin water).
For those with acidity increased, doctors recommend, on the contrary, to exclude from the diet sodic products. What kind of diet for chronic gastroduodenitis is necessary in each case, only the doctor can tell.
What can I eat with chronic gastroduodenitis?
When a patient has chronic gastroduodenitis, the food should be balanced and very nutritious. The goal is not to lose weight, but to help restore the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract.
In the diet are allowed:
- Lean meat
- Stale bread.
- Dairy products( sour cream, cream, cottage milk).
- Soup puree, made from vegetables.
- First dishes from cereals scrolled in a coffee grinder.
- Fruit and berries( exceptionally sweet).
- Vegetable and fruit juices, green tea, decoction of dogrose instead of black tea.
In the process of remitting chronic gastroduodenitis, you can expand the diet menu and include the following products:
- Diet sausage, meat pates, jellied fish.
- Sour-milk products. Vegetable oils for dressing salads.
- Soups made with skimmed meat and fish( meat and fish do not need to grind).
- In addition to paired dishes, casseroles and stews, vegetable cutlets.
- Baked apples, sweet fruit, watermelons.
- Honey, pastille and marmalade.
If you do not observe the restrictions during the remission, the acute phase is likely to come again. Therefore, a diet with chronic gastroduodenitis in the phase of remission should still be gentle.