Birthmark - pigmented congenital or acquired formation on the skin in the form of a spot or a pea. For the scientific medical designation the term "nevus" is used, which determines the appearance of moles or pigment spots after birth.
The presence of small tumors is not dangerous in terms of malignant degeneration, which can not be said about moles of medium and giant sizes that can eventually transform into a tumor, and this risk is quite large( from 10 to 50%).
In this regard, the owners of large nevi can be advised to be observed with a dermatologist or oncologist. Such birthmarks need protection from exposure to ultraviolet rays. Remove the mole on the face or other part of the body the doctor can advise you if it is congenital and large in size.
Which moles can be dangerous?
For moles characterized by regular outlines, uniform coloring, sharpness of borders, insignificant sizes. The appearance of moles can be varied. Among the "suspicious" moles, it should be noted:
- moles, which appeared in adulthood;
- birthmarks that change over time;
- birthmarks with a diameter of more than 1 cm.
In case of any negative factors, moles can develop into malignant formations, which can subsequently lead to skin cancer. Signs of negative violations of can be determined with the naked eye, the mole can:
- change its texture;
- can lose its clear outlines( become blurry);
- around the dangerous birthmark may appear redness;
- it can cause discomfort and unpleasant sensations;
- increase in width or in height( or simultaneously in all parameters);
- become crusted and release a lymphatic fluid;
- such birthmark can itch, peel, swell or bleed;
- dramatically change its color( darken or vice versa brighten, and it can happen unevenly and not all over the surface).
Such changes should in no case be ignored, as this can lead to irreversible disastrous consequences.
Removing moles on the face and body
Before removing any nevus, consult a qualified dermatologist. Only he will be able to conduct a proper examination, and if necessary, will scrape( biopsy) the formation and conduct a histological examination for its malignancy.
After the diagnosis, the surgeon will be able to give specific recommendations on the most appropriate method for removing a mole.
What method of removing moles to choose?
Certain characteristics have a direct effect on the choice of how to eliminate formations:
- structure( convex / level);
- is a benign or malignant form;
- location( face, hard-to-reach areas on the body, etc.).
There are several basic methods for solving the problem with moles. Which of them to choose is for the doctor to decide. Some nevi are removed in one way, some only by others.
However, the most popular:
- laser removal;
- surgical excision;
- radio wave extraction;
- cryodestruction - freezing with liquid nitrogen;
- electrocoagulation - with the help of high-frequency current.
Let's talk about each technique a little more in detail, because before removing a birthmark, it will be useful to learn about the merits and demerits of each procedure.
Radio wave removal
Radio wave surgery is also the newest method of getting rid of moles. Otherwise, the apparatus( "Surgitron") by which the neoplasms are removed is called a radio knife.
This method of removing moles is also the least traumatic and attractive in that it does not provoke postoperative pain. Removal of moles occurs with the help of heat, which is released when tissue is resistant to directional radio waves.
The advantages of this method can be considered the speed of the operation, which takes place practically without blood in absolutely sterile conditions, as well as the complete absence of scar tissue at the site of removal and a fast healing period. The price around 2500 rubles.
This is a method of removing moles with the help of electric current in virtually any part of the body. The essence of it is that the current pulse burns the birthmark from the surface of the skin. The procedure is carried out by local anesthesia, and "protective" crusts with wounds disappear within seven days.
Advantages of this method:
- removal of moles in 1 session;
- is suitable for all types of moles and for all skin areas;
- is bloodless;
The disadvantage is that after removing the mole, this method can leave a subtle scar. The price around 1,500 rubles.
To date, the surgical method of excretion of moles has lost its popularity due to trauma. However, it also has certain advantages:
- is an excellent result without recurrence of pathology( with proper performance);
- the possibility of transferring material for histological analysis;
- no contraindications;
- operation is performed with a small capture of healthy tissues, which reduces the risk of secondary
- elements appearing on the skin;
- price availability.
According to the oncological norms, the removed skin site, taking into account its location, should not be more than 3-5 centimeters. If the operation should be carried out on the face, then the skin area should be of minimal size.
The surgical method is associated with a number of problems, since the result depends on the correctness of the examination, as well as the qualification of the plastic surgeon. Depending on the situation, traces of the operation may remain, which is highly undesirable in open areas of the skin. However, there are cases when it is possible to remove the mole solely with the help of this method. The average price is from 1,400 to 4,000 rubles.
Laser mole removal
The method involves a high-precision exposure to the necessary skin tissues with a directed laser beam. This popular method is considered to be the best today for a number of criteria:
- laser removal is completely painless due to local anesthesia;
- lasts about five minutes;
- control of beam diameter and depth of its impact guarantees high accuracy of operation;
- layered removal of pigmented or damaged tissue, without affecting the skin tissue near the nevus,
- due to which there is no open wound and bleeding and scarring and scarring almost no effect;
- recovery within one, maximum - two weeks.
After laser removal of the nevus until the complete healing of the site of operation( about two weeks), it is impossible to expose it to UV rays, heat in the sauna or bath, go to the pool or rub the wound. The price around 2 300 rubles.
Cosmetic procedure is considered cryodestruction. Her method is to use liquid nitrogen at a very low temperature( up to 180 degrees Celsius).Influencing the tissue, nitrogen destroys it and causes a process of rejection. In this case, the recovery period occurs quickly enough. Has cryodestruction of moles a lot of positive effects:
- hemostatic effect;
- antiseptic effect;
- cosmetic effect;
- immunostimulating effect;
- analgesic effect.
The main advantage of this operation is that after destruction, dead tissue is not removed, they serve as a kind of "bandage", thereby protecting the wound from infections. The healing is absolutely painless. First, a crust appears on the site of the action. With time, a new code grows under it. Additional processing of the wound does not require. The least suitable for the face, because this area often requires a repeat procedure, after which the skin heals longer.
The most significant drawback of the method is that it does not always allow you to control the depth to which nitrogen acts. Therefore, there is a very high probability of frostbite nearby tissue, which in turn can cause scarring. Still it can be such that the object will not be liquidated completely, thus it will pass to do the repeated procedure. The method of cryodestruction may prove effective, or it may not give the desired result. Use it or not - it's up to you. The price in the area of 1 400 rubles.
Removing face moles: before and after photos of
In the photo you can see what the person looks like before removing the moles on the face, and after carrying out the corresponding procedure.
How dangerous is the removal of nevi?
A neuromuscular removal surgery should be performed by a dermatoon or oncologist, but in no case is a cosmetologist, since the doctor should have appropriate training and experience in removing benign and malignant tumors.
All that is removed and analyzed must be sent for histological examination, the answer of which is expected, as a rule, for several days. And only after an answer and a good result( the absence of cancer cells in the tissues), you can be sure that nothing threatens your health.