Crohn's disease, which always proceeds according to the chronic type of inflammatory pathology of the digestive organs, is characterized by a constant change in periods of exacerbations and remissions. The most common cause of relapse is a stressful situation in a person's life in which psychological overstrain is strongly pronounced. Also, its occurrence is facilitated by inaccuracies in the recommended diet, the use of alcohol-containing substances or products irritating the mucosa. There is an exacerbation of Crohn's disease following signs:
- In the projection of the abdomen there is quite a noticeable pain resembling an inflammation of the appendix;
- Intestinal peristalsis is greatly reduced, provoking the occurrence of primary constipation;
- After a few hours, it passes into diarrhea, in which the feces contain a large amount of mucus.
How long does the worsening of Crohn's disease last?
The patient with the first signs of recurrence of the disease always raises the question of how long the exacerbation of Crohn's disease lasts. For the most part, severe symptoms of the attack will last for a week, but only if there is adequate treatment. In the absence of its pathology passes into another form, for example, intestinal obstruction, which is fraught with emergency surgery for a person. Clinical signs characteristic of the period of exacerbation of Crohn's disease usually manifest in the following form:
- There is an intoxication of the body, signs of which are dizziness, nausea, dry mouth and muscle pain;
- A sharp appendicular pain localized in the lower abdomen;
- A liquid stool that has blood streaks and mucus impurities;
- An upset of appetite, resulting in a decrease in body weight.
Among the external signs of exacerbation of Crohn's disease can be noted such as dryness and pallor of the skin, ulcerative rashes on them, increased loss and deterioration of hair structure, brittle nail plates. Depending on how long the recurrence of this inflammatory disease lasts, one can also speak about the possibility of affecting all parts of the digestive tract.
It usually begins with the formation on their walls of fibrous adhesions, reducing the clearance of free cavities and paralyzing their normal work. It is also often enough to exacerbate Crohn's disease accompanied by adhesive disease, which leads to the dislocation of organs located in the abdominal cavity.
Diet for exacerbation of Crohn's disease
For the treatment of any pathological inflammation of the digestive organs, not only medication or surgery is required. Of great importance is a specific diet, namely a specific diet, whose goal is to ensure the most sparing effects on the intestines of food consumed by food.
In case of an exacerbation of Crohn's disease, it consists of the usual products, but subjected to special treatment, which should ensure the absence of mechanical, thermal and chemical effects, causing irreparable damage to the inflamed mucosa of the intestine or stomach.
The fractional power supply, as well as its mode, will be selected by a specialist depending on how long the exacerbation of Crohn's disease in a certain patient lasts, and on whether he has an individual intolerance to certain products. Usually, during relapse of the disease, the patient is given enteral mono diets, especially when there is extensive intestinal damage.
Such a picture of the development of exacerbation of Crohn's disease requires that the food in sufficient quantities present products that can enrich the patient's body with hydrolyzed protein, fats and carbohydrates. The prohibition extends to vegetable fiber and lactose. In the case of prolonged diarrhea accompanying this pathology, the doctor prescribes intravenous nutrition.
It is recommended also in the case when in the development of exacerbation of Crohn's disease in the digestive organs abscesses, fistulas, obstructive processes or there is a syndrome of the small intestine. In addition, such a diet is necessary in cases of severe depletion of the patient or before a planned surgical intervention in case of a violation in humans of metabolism.
It should be remembered that when the acute stage of Crohn's disease is necessary for 2-3 days completely refrain from eating. The amount of liquid used at this time should be at least 2 liters per day. The patient should drink currant or blueberry juice, necessarily diluted with water, broths of dogrose, as well as weak tea.
Gradually such a "liquid hunger strike" is replaced with carrot, apple or kefir days. Only in the case of providing the intestine with trouble-free operation can a faster transition of the disease into the stage of remission.