Heroin dependence: stages, symptoms, effects, treatment

One of the most famous narcotic substances today is heroin - a brownish or white powder, which is produced from morphine. This substance has a powerful analgesic effect, after taking it, a person falls into euphoric bliss, experiencing a feeling of complete satisfaction. But the drug is dangerous rapidly addiction - after a week of daily intake.

Heroin dependence

Dependence on heroin is a huge problem of modern youth. To experience the pleasure of young people again and again take heroin. Such a desire to repeat the dose at the beginning of the drug addict's path is explained by such a vivid sensation of buzz and satisfaction that is felt in the first cases of use.

Heroin is used intravenously, snorted or added to smoking mixtures. After the first injection( usually an injection into a vein) there will be no dependence

The reason is that after the first use of the drug, even a complex and extremely timid person becomes a sort of party king and the most sociable person. In addition, there is sexual emancipation.

The effect of

After getting heroin into the body, each person will have an individual reaction. Drug addicts describe these feelings as similar to orgasm, lasting about a couple of minutes. As a result of this "buzz", a sense of tension is eliminated. Drug addicts describe that after this, a feeling of pleasant heaviness and melting of bones appears in the body, a person feels a sense of detachment from the events around them. In a similar state, all problems and difficulties are deprived of seriousness and are moved away far away. Approximately within 5 hours the addict will stay in a similar condition.

From the medical point of view, heroin is a powerful analgesic and soothing neuro-systemic activity drug.

In the photo, the consequences of using heroin

All the effects that addicts receive when using a drug are for the medical side:

  • Euphoria;
  • Excellent, cheerful mood;
  • Calm, bordering on drowsiness;
  • Relaxation of the whole body, especially the limbs;
  • Feeling of warmth and comfort;
  • Indifference to the environment.

Unlike other drugs, heroin quickly penetrates through blood-brain defense of the brain and accumulates in it. After penetrating the meninges, heroin resets its disguise and re-qualifies for morphine. As a result, it turns out that the difference between morphine and heroin is the presence of a specific shell in the latter, which facilitates the transportation and penetration of the narcotic substance into the nervous system structures. After penetration, the molecules of heroin excite the nervous system, causing all of the above side reactions.

In the heroine of these false endorphins, there is much more than the body needs, so all kinds of neuromuscular activity are simultaneously activated, creating chaos and overexcitation. As a result, a significant part of the nerve cells die, dying prematurely. Heroin affects not only the brain, but also other organic systems, causing severe intoxication.

In the video, the first signs of heroin dependence:

The development stages of

dependency The heroin dependence develops very quickly. After three to four doses a person acquires a persistent drug dependence on heroin. The whole process of development of dependence takes place in several stages.

"Golden Year"

This stage is characterized by the drug addict's persistent desire to take a new dose of the drug to experience a repeated sense of flight and euphoria, lightness and indifference. If the desired dose can not be obtained, the dependent person experiences a pronounced psychological discomfort. It is on this basis that one can suspect the development of dependence on heroin.

Changes in the psyche

Over time, the addict no longer receives the usual sensations from taking the drug, because the body has developed tolerance. To achieve the promised euphoria, you need to increase the dose. Therefore, the addict starts taking heroin regularly. At this stage, changes in the mental state become apparent. All his thoughts revolve around only one goal - where to get the dose. So dependent a person can without hesitation go to the violation of the law, if only to get the money to purchase the next dose of heroin. At this stage, the patient begins to show signs of withdrawal symptoms like restless or disturbed sleep, weakness and emotional irritability.

Broken

This is the stage at which breaking becomes a permanent phenomenon. A drug addict is constantly in search of a dose, and he needs heroin no longer for pleasure, but for getting rid of the withdrawal syndrome or simply breaking it.

A similar phenomenon is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • Severe runny nose, lachrymation and dilated pupils;
  • Goose-skin, strong sneezing, chills;
  • The patient is very concerned, he is constantly experiencing pronounced anxiety;
  • Missing appetite;
  • Torturing insomnia;
  • The patient is shivering, then, on the contrary, throws into heat, accompanied by hyperdrug and weakness.

How to recognize a heroin addict

To determine a person's heroin dependence can be by some external signs:

  • Frequent mood swings, instability of the emotional state;
  • Hyperemia of the face, especially the age, which is characteristic of the time immediately after the use of heroin;
  • Cold, hoarse voice;
  • Abnormal pupils, they usually do not react to light, remaining too narrow;
  • Sleep disorders and a constant lack of desire to eat;
  • Addiction to theft, the loss of valuable items or things from the house, drawing money for expenses.

Consequences of

Consequences of heroin abuse are made up of antisocial, inappropriate behavior of the addict. Often drug addicts use a common syringe, which leads to infection with hepatitis, viral infections of the blood or HIV.Gradually develops a mass of chronic pathological conditions such as pathologies of the cardiovascular system, metabolic disorders, mental health disorders, liver or nervous system pathology.

Drug addicts rarely live to the age of 30, and most end earlier even more because of a heroin overdose. Accordingly, the question of how to get rid of heroin addiction is very acute.

Treatment of

The goal of treating heroin dependence is to get rid of the patient's desire to take a new dose, which is achieved by various methods. If an overdose occurs, the drug addict is subject to mandatory hospitalization.

At home

It's impossible to overcome heroin addiction at home. Such patients need isolation from temptations and drug addicts in the early days, so the most effective way is to go to a narcological dispensary or a specialized clinic, stay at home and ask how to remove dependence not only is not effective, but also dangerous for life.

In hospital

Inpatient treatment occurs in several consecutive stages: the withdrawal of withdrawal symptoms( withdrawal), drug therapy, psychological rehabilitation. For the withdrawal of the withdrawal syndrome, specialized medications are used that help stop the splitting in the blood of heroin and its prompt withdrawal. Then the body no longer suffers from the lack of a drug.

The bruised pain is eliminated through Ketorolac, Lornoxicam, Tramadol, etc. Clonidine or Proroxan is used to get rid of vegetative disorders. With sleep disorders, drugs such as phenazepam, diazepam, nitrazepam, etc., are effective. Neuroleptic drugs have also been shown to suppress mental agitation and irritability. For this, drugs like Haloperidol, Thioridazine, Quetiapine, etc. are used.

Psychological assistance is essential for drug dependent patients. Usually group rehabilitative psychotherapy, family sessions or aversive therapy are used.

Encoding

This method is also called aversive therapy. Sometimes it is based on methods of hypnosis, but other psychological techniques can be used. The main thing is to achieve the goal - to cause the drug addiction to be averse to heroin and other narcotic substances. The method of encoding for heroin dependence is highly effective, although it is often used only as an auxiliary therapeutic way to get rid of the disease.

Heroin addiction video:

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