The pancreas is a vital organ with an elongated shape and a gray-pink color, located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach, separated from it by a gland bag. It plays a decisive role in the digestion process, because it produces enzymes, it also affects the hormonal background of a person.
Outside the body surface of the body is covered with a connective tissue capsule, its branches penetrate deep and divide it into lobes. The capsule of the pancreas is braided with a large number of nerves, so when the inflammatory process develops, the capsule signals the onset of the disease in the form of sudden attacks of dizziness, often resulting in loss of consciousness. Further, "under the spoon" there are unpleasant sensations, the pain acquires a girdling character: there are aching pains in the area of the scapula. This condition can provoke smoking, hobby for alcoholic beverages and stress.
The capsule of the pancreas is subject to stretching, which causes constant aching pain. Possible causes are:
- large cyst;
- benign and malignant formation;
- swelling of the tissue in pancreatitis.
The mucosa consists of an epithelium - a barrier between the external and internal media, the own and muscle plates. Its surface is always wet. The proprietary plate is formed by a connective tissue with the presence of fibers, nerve endings and vessels in it, and the muscular is a smooth muscle that can form folds of the mucosa. Elements located on the mucosa, produce mucus, enzymes and digestive juice, contributing to the division of substances into simple.
The submucosa of the pancreas is made from connective tissue;in it there are plexuses of vessels and nerves, here there can be glands.
The muscular membrane, formed by a smooth muscle tissue, consists of two layers: the inner and the outer;its reduction leads to the activity of the walls of the pancreas.
Serous membrane consists of a pair of layers: internal and external. The first is a connective tissue, and the second is a flat epithelium. Thanks to serous fluid, the pancreatic sheath is wet and slippery.
The adventitious membrane covers the entire body of the pancreas, contains the nerve and vascular plexuses.