Symptoms and treatment of enterocolitis in adults are different. In this case, it all depends on what form of the disease is observed. For today, it is used, both medicamental and folk treatment of intestinal disease.
Enterocolitis is divided into two main forms: acute and chronic. Each of the forms has its own characteristics. Clinical symptoms in acute form will also depend on the severity of the disease and the type of pathogen. Predominantly, patients complain of such symptoms:
- The pains with enterocolitis appear in the abdominal region. They have a cramping characteristic, and can be localized over the entire surface.
- Stool disorder. There is the occurrence of diarrhea several times a day. It is possible to release mucus and blood impurities in the stool.
- Nausea and vomiting. The contents are sour, in some cases there is an admixture of bile.
- Increased temperature in case of infectious disease.
- As signs of intoxication are - headaches, dizziness, pain in the muscles and joints.
Enterocolitis in an acute form predominantly can manifest its symptoms suddenly. Pseudomembranous disease often develops, due to the treatment of symptoms with antibiotics or after a period of time after they have been canceled. Diarrhea is frequent and wears out, while accompanying the loss of a large amount of fluid, the temperature with enterocolitis in adults will rise to 40 degrees. Characterized by chills.
In the process of examination, the expert discovers such symptoms of enterocolitis: bloated stomach with pain during palpation, rumbling in the abdomen, the presence of spasmodic areas, the tongue is dried and has a white coating.
Staphylococcal enterocolitis in children occurs in the form of necrotic, due to which there are symptoms of severe sepsis with seizures, some inhibition, and possible loss of consciousness.
An enterocolitis of chronic form will flow with periods of remission and exacerbation of symptoms. Signs when exacerbating enterocolitis of a chronic form are:
- Pain in the abdomen. They can be different: aching and cramping, not having exact localization. With a lot of activity can increase, as well as a few hours after eating. There is a correlation with defecation.
- Diarrhea occurs rarely, mainly constipation is observed.
- Rumbling of the intestine.
- Appetite is lost, nausea appears.
- Lower body weight if the small intestine is more affected.
- The temperature rises.
- Headache, rapid fatigue, the presence of irritability, and there is a clear dependence of mood on defecation.
Treatment of symptoms of enterocolitis
In the treatment of patients with symptoms of enterocolitis in acute form, a water-tea diet is initially prescribed. In the case, if necessary - can wash the stomach. In the case of severe diarrhea and vomiting, the volume of fluid used is monitored. This is called hydration therapy of signs of the disease. It is allowed to use rice decoction and porridge on the water. The pains are removed with the help of antispasmodics, and if there is a need for it, detoxification therapy is performed by the infusion method.
In the case of an infectious enterocolitis form, the use of antibiotics and sulfonamide drugs may be included in symptomatic therapy. As a preventive manipulation of dysbiosis, drugs that restore the normal state of the intestinal flora.
In the treatment of enterocolitis in chronic form in adults, primary consideration is given to the elimination of etiological causes and symptoms of the development of the disease. For the elimination of symptoms, in particular constipation, the following measures can be taken:
- Carrying out the normalization of the regimen and feeding characteristics.
- Drug remedies are abolished that contribute to impaired intestinal activity.
- Treatment of infections: bacterial or parasitic.
- Treatment of diseases in the gastrointestinal tract is carried out.
After the immediate signs of enterocolitis have been eliminated, measures are taken to treat digestive, motor and bacterial disorders.
For all patients with chronic form, a special diet is prescribed. When there are no exacerbations, table number 2 will be appointed, if frequent constipation is observed with enterocolitis, table No. 3 to prevent diarrhea is table number 4.
In the case of signs of dyspepsia of pronounced type, the use of products is limited:
- Putrefactive indigestion - fermented milk, complex proteinsand coarse fiber.
- Fermentation dyspepsia - whole milk, cabbage, rye bread and products with sugar content.
If pain in enterocolitis is mainly localized in the small intestine, it is recommended to adhere to a diet where there are foods rich in protein, vitamins and nutrients. Also, they should contain a large amount of calcium. Exceptions are those products that can irritate the intestinal mucosa - sharp, salty, acidic and fried foods.
As medicamentous treatment of symptoms are:
- Antibacterial drugs are used to suppress pathological flora. Prebiotics and probiotics.
- Fermented preparations are used to restore the normal functionality of digesting food.
- Preparations for the normalization of intestinal peristalsis.
To conduct local treatment of signs of the disease, microclysters with a solution of medicinal herbs are applied. In the case of diarrhea, solutions are introduced from the infusion of oak bark, St. John's wort, or bird cherry. With constipation syndrome, sea buckthorn oil is used, and when a flatulence occurs, a chamomile broth is suitable. Laxatives can also be used to eliminate constipation.
To start healing of erosions and symptoms, and also to stop such a symptom as bleeding, Vinilin can be used. For patients with enterocolitis in chronic form with a mentally-depressed state, it is recommended that the symptoms of a nervous disorder be treated by a therapist.
In the case of enterocolitis in chronic form, it is recommended to consult a physiotherapist to choose a physiotherapy complex for the treatment of symptoms, which may include: CMT, bowel cleansing, various types of reflexology, and so on.
Treatment of signs of illness in a sanatorium at the moments of remission gives very positive results with regard to general improvement of the patient's condition. It is worth noting that during the period of exacerbation it is better to reduce the level of physical activity, since there may be a strong manifestation of the symptoms of the disease, however, when there is a rash of enterocolitis, regular aerobic exercises are allowed.
All questions related to treatment procedures and other aspects of the disease should be addressed to your doctor who can prescribe the correct and suitable course of treatment for you.