Dysbacteriosis refers to bacterial disorders of qualitative and quantitative type. However, it is far from clear to everyone what happens when such a violation occurs, both inside the intestine itself and in other organs and systems.
Dysbacteriosis is divided into 4 stages, each of which is accompanied by changes in the intestinal cavity. What happens at each stage? The first two stages are not pronounced, however, still very noticeable. Thus, in the first and second stages, the number of lacto- and bifidobacteria, as well as E. coli, decreases almost 3-fold.
What happens with dysbiosis in the third stage? In the case of the third stage, bifidobacteria and lactobacilli are significantly suppressed, up to 105 and 106, respectively. In addition, the pathogenic microorganisms are exposed to the intestinal walls, resulting in inflammation.
What happens in the fourth stage? When the fourth stage of the course of dysbacteriosis begins, the bifidobacteria completely disappear, the lactobacillus content significantly decreases, deep changes in the quantitative ratio of pathogenic and beneficial microorganisms begin, and entero- and cytotoxins accumulate.
What happens with dysbiosis in other organs?
As it was said before, dysbacteriosis can cause changes not only in the intestinal cavity, but also in other organs. This mainly refers to the cavity of the gastrointestinal tract.
The first occurs a disorder of the stool, manifested in diarrhea or constipation. Such a change is quite common in other diseases, however, in the case of dysbiosis in a mild form, it can be of a one-day nature, since the body has its own immune defense.
In addition, rumbling starts in the abdomen, which indicates the formation of excessive amounts of gases. Violation of the intestinal microflora also affects the stomach, which causes nausea and vomiting.
In the liver, the production of substances with enzymatic activity decreases, which causes the food to become poorly digested. In addition, this affects the normal state of the absorption processes, which are also severely disturbed.
What happens next? The fourth stage of dysbiosis causes sleep disturbance, manifested in insomnia, as well as physical and psychological conditions, which consist in rapid fatigue, depression and apathy.
Such changes are waiting for a violation of microflora. When the first symptoms appeared, it is worth immediately contacting a specialist.