Crohn's disease is a rather terrible and practically incurable disease of the digestive tract, which is accompanied by a severe inflammation. With its development, the pathological process affects the mucosa and the submucosal layers of the walls of the digestive organs.
The prognosis for Crohn's disease for a person in the absence of adequate treatment will be quite disappointing. Consequences of it can be not only numerous complications, but also disability of the patient, as well as a significant reduction in life expectancy.
How many live with Crohn's disease?
Among the consequences caused by this disease and leading to the appointment of a patient with a disability group, specialists are noted such as:
- Internal bleeding, perforation of the walls of the digestive organs;
- The exit of feces into the abdominal cavity;
- Ulceration of the internal surface of the intestine and the formation of abscesses in it;
- Malignant tumor.
In addition, all patients have such complications of Crohn's disease, as a metabolic disorder, dysbiosis and significant weight loss.
Consequence of Crohn's Disease - Disability
For the first time having heard this diagnosis from a specialist, any person asks about how much they live with Crohn's disease and what lifestyle should be taken to increase its duration? It is worth immediately to reassure all those who suffered from this pathology. In the case of timely and adequate treatment of the lethal outcome can be completely avoided. If therapeutic tactics are chosen correctly, possible complications will not come for many years.
With appropriate treatment of this pathology, the prognosis for the patient becomes positive in the event that the stages of relapses of the disease do not occur for a long time. The immune system in this case is restored and stops attacks of lymphocytes on the cells of the mucous membranes of the digestive organs.
If the exacerbation of Crohn's disease does not occur for more than 5 years, and the physiological state of the intestine remains normal, doctors with caution can talk about a full recovery. Although under such circumstances it is recommended that the appropriate diet is always followed, so that a prognosis from the occurrence of possible consequences is favorable.
A favorable prognosis for Crohn's disease for the entire subsequent life of a person can only be if the probable causes of this disease are eliminated. If the treatment was aimed only at removing inflammation from the walls of the digestive organs and eliminating the severe symptoms of the disease, it is possible that the pathological process progresses and the negative consequences of Crohn's disease leading to disability arise:
- The colon lumen considerably narrows, which leads to difficulties in the natural progression of fecal massesto the rectum;
- Congestion of fecal masses contributes to the development of cracks, fistulas and ulcerative lesions;
- The complication of Crohn's disease, leading to disability or death of the patient, is the transformation of inflammatory defects of mucous into cancer lesions.
With the symptoms of intestinal obstruction, the use of laxatives is strictly forbidden, as this can lead to the development of peritonitis due to perforation of the intestine. Consequences of the development of such a complication will be an emergency surgical intervention to preserve human life.
But in the event that the patient complies with all medical prescriptions, complications of this inflammatory disease, capable of leading to disability or death, can be avoided.
What kind of disability group is given with Crohn's disease?
The clinical characteristics of possible disorders in the human body developing in this inflammatory pathology and leading to disability are expressed in 4 degrees:
- 1 degree, available in this disease, bears patient restrictions on the WCC.Common physiological signs, usually associated with Crohn's disease, are poorly expressed, without the development of trophic disorders. There is no limitation of vital activity for this degree of pathology, and the disability group is not assigned;
- 2 degree of development of the disease is associated with an isolated lesion of the intestine. It is expressed in rare exacerbations, which usually do not occur more than 2-3 times a year. With this development of Crohn's disease, the patient is assigned a 3rd disability group with a first degree of self-service and work activity;
- When the defeat of the small and thick intestine becomes combined, and the pain syndrome becomes vivid, and, moreover, complications such as perforation, internal bleeding, dystrophy and severe anemia occur, it will refer to the appointment of a patientdisability group II;
- 1 group of disability patients with Crohn's disease will be appointed in case of total intestinal lesion and the absence of persistent remissions, as well as the appearance of trophic changes in internal organs.