Antibiotics for colitis and treatment - Metronidazole, Ftalazol, Alpha-Normix, Levomycetin, Furazolidone, how to take?

To my great regret, a large number of people prefer an independent diagnosis and its treatment, rather than an appeal to a specialist. This can lead to a lot of serious complications.

If you have any pain in the intestinal area, you should immediately go to a gastroenterologist who will prescribe a complete examination, and in case of colitis, you will be prescribed appropriate medications and a diet to treat the disease. Not at every type of colitis, antibiotics are prescribed, however, with severe forms of the disease, this can not be avoided. What medicines can be prescribed together with antibiotics? How to take them?

Metronidazole in colitis

Metronidazole is an antiprotozoal and antimicrobial drug derived from 5-gimitroimidazole. The effect is that a biochemical reduction of the 5-nitro group of metronidazole is carried out by intracellular transport proteins of an anaerobic microorganism.

The drug has no sensitivity to aerobic microorganisms and facultative anaerobes, however, in the presence of a mixed type of microflora, it can act synergistically with an antibiotic that is effective against the usual type of aerobes.

Has its own contraindications, including diarrhea and decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, intestinal colic, constipation, "metallic" taste in the mouth. Metronidazole is prescribed in patients with colitis, because after the use of antibiotics, there are various kinds of complications or undesirable effects of treatment.

The medication is prescribed only by the attending physician in accordance with the clinical picture of the patient, but often the administration of 500 mg twice a day for 3-5 days.

How to take phthalazole in colitis?

Phthalazole is a sulfonamide preparation that is slowly absorbed from the cavity of the gastrointestinal tract. The underlying mass after the introduction of the inside will be retained in the intestinal cavity, after which the cleavage of active molecular parts begins to occur. Greater effectiveness in the treatment of colitis is due to the fact that a high concentration of sulfonamide is created in the intestinal cavity in conjunction with the activity of the drug in relation to the intestinal flora.

Before the appointment of phthalazole with antibiotics, the doctor determines the sensitivity level of the patient. What are the recommendations for the intake of phthalazole in colitis:

  • Adults: the first few days of 1-2 g every 4 hours, and the next 3 days half the dose.
  • For children it is prescribed in 1 day of 1.1 g / kg per day. The drug is given in equal doses with interruptions at 4 hours and night. The subsequent reception will be 0.2-0.5 g with a break of 6-8 hours.

Alpha Normix in colitis

Alpha Normix is ​​an antibiotic that has antibacterial effects in a wide range. It is a bactericidal drug that is prescribed for colitis. It creates a bond with the beta subunits of bacterial enzymes, and can inhibit the synthesis of RNA and bacterial proteins. Due to this bactericidal features are manifested in relation to the sensitivity index of bacteria.

Due to the antibacterial spectrum of Alpha Normix in colitis, there is an opportunity to reduce pathogenic intestinal bacterial loads, causing some pathological conditions. This drug can reduce:

  • The formation of ammonia caused by bacteria.
  • Increased level of proliferation.
  • The presence of bacteria in the cavity of the colon.
  • Antigenic stimulation.
  • Risk of an infectious complication.

Alpha Normix is ​​taken internally. For adults, 1 tablet every 8 hours. Treatment does not exceed 7 days and should be determined by the clinical picture of the patient. The frequency and dose can be changed by the doctor.

Levomycetin for colitis

The drug is an antibiotic that is effective in a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms. It has a pronounced bacteriostatic effect, and at a high concentration with respect to some strains a bactericidal effect is manifested. After oral administration has been performed, the antibiotic is rapidly absorbed into the cavity of the gastrointestinal tract.

Levomycetin is available in two forms: tablets and powder for injections. Tablets are taken half an hour before meals for 250-500 mg for adults. For children, the recommended dose is 125 mg 4 times a day.

Antibiotic in powder is diluted with 2-3 mg of water for injection intramuscularly. The duration of treatment with levomycetin in colitis is determined only by the doctor.

Furazolidone for colitis

Furazolidone is an antibacterial drug of the nitrofuran group, a synthetic derivative of 5-nitrofurfurol, which has a pronounced antimicrobial interaction with Gram-negative aerobic microorganisms. They have little sensitivity to the effects of antibiotic Gram-positive aerobic microorganisms.

The pharmacological effects of furazolidone in colitis are directly related to the dose used, and if small doses are used, it is simply bacteriostatic efficacy.

The drug is taken orally. The tablet is swallowed whole, it does not need to be chewed or crushed, while being washed down with a lot of water. The drug is consumed after eating. Duration of treatment of colitis Furazolidone and dose should be prescribed only by a doctor.

Whatever your symptoms, all antibiotics for colitis should be prescribed strictly by a specialist.

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