Erythematous gastritis is one of the most frequent inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which is characterized by a change in the gastric mucosa and the appearance of red spots on it, resulting in erosion. Depending on the localization of inflammation, there are several varieties of this disease:
- Pangastrit( or diffuse form) - the whole surface of the mucosa is affected;
- Focal surface gastritis - a person feels pain in a specific place pointwise. Inflammation covers several foci;
- Antrum-gastritis - the antral part of the stomach is affected( that is, the place of transition to the duodenum);
- Atrophic - in diagnosis not only inflammation is noticeable, but atrophy of glands
- Superficial reflux gastritis - with this kind of disease, the contents of the duodenum are thrown into the stomach or stomach into the esophagus. Most often this is due to the weak functionality of sphincters.
The pathogenesis of erythematous gastritis
In today's world, a large number of people are suffering from exudative gastritis, as this is facilitated not only by the current attitude towards health, but also by a number of other factors:
- Almentary - improper diet, irregular eating, food "hastily" or dry-sour. The use of a large number of fatty, spicy, fried foods, strongly hot dishes;
- Regular intake of alcohol;
- Stressful situations;
- Prolonged use of medicinal substances.
Usually, with erythematous exudative focal gastritis, pain does not occur just like that, but appears before or after eating in the stomach or the right hypochondrium. Also, with antral gastritis, a person complains about:
- Decrease or loss of appetite;
- Nausea( may even vomit);
- Stool disorder.
Diagnosis of erythematous gastritis
In order to prescribe the right treatment or a sparing diet and to identify what kind of erythematous disease a person is worried about, some diagnostic methods should be performed. First of all, you need to conduct an endoscopic examination of the human stomach. This study will determine whether there is an exudative nature of gastritis and focal localization of inflammation. In this method of diagnosis, a person is injected with a probe and the doctor observes the condition of the mucous membrane.
General blood and urine tests and pH measurement of the cavity are also prescribed. As an additional method, studies can recommend electrogastroenterography to determine the presence of reflux.
Features of treatment of focal erythematous gastritis
Treatment is most often performed in an outpatient clinic and is prescribed depending on the morphology, localization and stage of erythematous inflammation. During the period of exacerbation of gastritis, the patient is prescribed a gentle diet, in which canned food, spices, semi-finished products, fast food products, fermented milk products, black bread are excluded from the patient's diet.
At the same time, the patient's diet should be varied with the same amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. To take food with the erythematous form of the disease is necessary fractional( 5-6 times a day).When improving the condition of a person, you need to remove dietary restrictions and feed the patient fully.
It is important to note that in any form of erythematous inflammation, the use of chocolate, coffee, soda and alcohol is contraindicated in patients.
In order to quickly overcome exudative gastritis, you should abandon bad habits and reduce the occurrence of stressful situations.
In severe exacerbations of erythematous disease, hospitalization and administration of medications prescribed by the attending physician is indicated. Without his advice, in no case do not buy medicines.
There is also a treatment of erythematous exudative gastritis with folk methods, which must be combined with a limited diet. The first thing you need during a meal is to take infusions or decoctions of herbs.
An effective method of control is the juice of white cabbage, which should be drunk warm 2 times a day with a decreased acidity of the stomach. And with increased acidity it is recommended to infuse birch bark.
Possible complications of the disease
If other violations are found, the treatment will be long and more serious. It depends on the form of the erythematous state, the cause of its appearance and pathology.
With the abandonment of prescribed drugs, lesions of other parts of the digestive tract can also develop, for example, duodenal pathology, peptic ulcer disease or narrowing of the antrum of the stomach.
Since the onset of exudative erythematous gastritis can lead to more serious consequences, it is advisable to listen to all the advice of professionals and at the first complaints contact the clinic.