Chronic proctitis is an inflammatory process in the intestinal cavity, in which the lesion is directed to the mucosa of the rectum. It is mainly formed because of the acute form of the disease transferred, as one of the variants of its course. The diagnosis will be based on the information of the anus examination and the instrumental techniques of the study.
The main symptoms of chronic proctitis are pain in the intestines, itching and burning, which have a less pronounced characteristic than in the course of acute forms. The increase in the temperature regime of the body does not always appear, but the indicator of 37 degrees is considered normal. Continuously will be from the cavity of the rectum to secrete purulent and mucous compartments. In addition, the symptoms of the disease are also blood impurities in the stool. This is especially often seen in an atrophic type, when the intestinal mucosa is erased. The patient is often pale, and he has anemia, which is caused by bleeding in the intestinal cavity - this is also characteristic of atrophic proctitis. In the event that as the cause of chronic proctitis were cancerous growths or other severe diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, then a general depletion of the organism is possible.
As you can see, chronic proctitis has very similar symptoms with an acute form of the disease, however, they are less pronounced, especially during remission. As distinctive features of chronic proctitis are the possible appearance of expressions, congestion of fibrin. Such symptoms occur in the clinical picture of the disease, and patients often complain of the appearance of constipation, discomfort in the anus, amplified by the act of defecation. It is worth noting that in some cases, the disease can occur without the appearance of symptoms, that is, the manifestation of subjective sensations, regardless of the processes occurring in the rectal cavity, is absent. An exception is the atrophic type of the disease.
Treatment of chronic proctitis
Before deciding on the correct tactics for the treatment of chronic proctitis, the causes of the disease are clarified, and the struggle is being waged. For drug therapy during an exacerbation, antibiotics and sulfonamide drugs are used primarily. It is worth noting that before appointing a specific antibiotic, the doctor must find out what sensitivity the intestinal microflora has. Antibiotics for chronic proctitis are the most effective drugs.
Various aids are also used: enemas, suppositories and ointments. Medical enemas provide the opportunity to obtain a positive effect due to their antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and restorative properties. For this, various broths and solutions are used.
Rectal suppositories and ointments with chronic proctitis have very good efficacy along with other methods. They also like enemas, only to a greater extent, provide the body with help in the fight against the disease, and also are preventive remedies during the period of remission.
Compliance with diet is a fundamental factor in chronic proctitis. Limit as much as possible fatty, fried, smoked, spicy type of dish, as they have the feature of acting on the body very aggressively. Food should be gentle, so that its subsequent movement along the intestinal cavity does not injure the mucous membrane. If you do not follow a diet with chronic proctitis, it will lead to a decrease in the effectiveness of previous procedures, and can only aggravate the process and form various complications.
During the period of remission, spa treatment is recommended, as well as rectal rinsing with warm mineral water, which improves intestinal motor function.
In the event that the chronic proctitis will be accompanied by the appearance of a pronounced type of painful sensations, then this is probably due to the appearance of local processes, that is, inflammatory foci have begun to appear. In this case, an operation is performed, which consists in removing the inflamed anal crypts.
If it is correct and timely to treat chronic proctitis, then the time of manifestation of exacerbation can be minimized. It is worth listening to medical recommendations, and strictly observe them. Do not engage in self-medication, and if you decide to try traditional medicine, then you should consult with a specialist on the appropriateness of taking the remedy.