UBOD, or ultra-fast opioid detoxification, is one of the leading methods of withdrawal of the withdrawal syndrome after opium drugs. UBOD technology allows in a few hours to remove from the nervous receptors of the body traces of the drug and save the patient from breaking. Such a procedure is under the careful control of doctors, and complications after it are minimal.
Ultra-fast opioid detoxification(
) UBOD is simultaneously a method of detoxification( purification of the body) and the first stage in the treatment of drug dependence. Such therapy is allowed to apply when using a particular type of drug - opium, its alkaloids and synthetic substitutes. Opium is one of the oldest drugs that is extracted from poppies. In the modern world, the most famous and most terrible representative of opiates is heroin.
Such a terrible condition lasts up to 2 weeks, and a person can easily break down and run after finding the next dose to stop this hell. With any treatment of drug addiction, the first and most difficult step is to survive the break-up. And here comes to the aid of UBOD, and what kind of procedure, then we will consider in more detail.
Advantages of the
method. Ultra-fast opioid detoxification is a universal method of treatment. It is suitable for addicts of all ages, sex and length of use.
There are other advantages:
- Speed. It is possible to stop all withdrawal symptoms in 6-8 hours, and standard types of detoxification are used from 5 to 12 days.
- UBOD is absolutely painless. The patient is unconscious and does not feel anything.
- Drugs for UBOD block drug receptors for 24-72 hours. During this time the patient can already feel the taste of life without drugs and continue therapy.
The essence of the
method There are several structures in the human brain that are combined into a pleasure center. For all the pleasant sensations, the hormone-neurotransmitter dopamine is responsible - it is its receptors that bring information to the nerve cells of this center. Any drug, including opiate, affects this center and speeds up the production of dopamine. The brain, having become accustomed to doping, ceases to produce the hormone in person, and after the cessation of the action of drugs, there is a withdrawal-withdrawal syndrome.
With UBOD, special substances are injected into the body that instantly block opioid receptors and displace heroin from them, naloxone and naltrexone. Such a rapid detoxification process - only a few hours - invariably causes the strongest break-up. But there is one nuance - all the painful symptoms are felt only when the patient is conscious. If the brain is "disconnected", the withdrawal is for the addict painless. This is what UBOD is based on - the introduction of drugs and the breakdown itself are under general anesthesia, when the patient does not feel anything.
Mechanism of action
Ultra-rapid opioid detoxification is compared with the planned operation. It is performed in the intensive care unit, the entire process is carefully monitored by anesthetists and resuscitators.
Before the patient's death, a consultation with a psychiatrist-narcologist is awaited, followed by a series of preparatory analyzes. This is a general and biochemical blood test, setting a blood group and Rh factor, a blood test for syphilis, HIV, hepatitis B and C, a general urine test, if necessary, ECG and chest X-ray.
The procedure itself consists of the following steps:
- The patient is immersed in general anesthesia and injected through the gastric tube - or alternately, or at once. The patient does not feel any unpleasant sensations - he is in a state of medical sleep.
- Detoxification proper. Within 6-8 hours, the patient is unconscious and does not feel anything until a quiet break occurs.
- Exit the anesthesia. This stage is absolutely painless. Sensations in the patient - as after the end of the usual operation. A slight discomfort can be caused only by the residual action of anesthesia, but all symptoms are removed with conventional drugs.
- The final stage lasts up to 3 days after the procedure. At this time, opioid receptors are still blocked, and even if the patient wants to take a dose of opiates, he will not feel anything. But usually it is impossible - in clinics for this time addicts are offered to leave in the ward.
Contraindications and possible complications of
Ultra-fast opioid detoxification can be performed for almost all drug addicts without exception. But there are those to whom AMBOLA is contraindicated. We are talking about pregnant, breastfed babies and people with severe physical illnesses( at the stage of decompensation).
The procedure itself does not cause complications; consequences can only be related to withdrawal from anesthesia. The brain of a drug addict is already exhausted, and anesthesia can provoke unpleasant symptoms.
- nausea and vomiting;
- headaches and muscle pains, dizziness;
- inhibition and confusion;
- trembling and numbness of the limbs;
- difficulties with sleeping and hallucinations;
- speech and hearing impairment.
The reason for the most dangerous complications is an early return to drugs after AML.If the patient breaks down and uses a new dose in the first days after opioid detoxification, it can even lead to a stoppage of breathing.