This section will contain articles in which we will discuss another common gastrointestinal disease.
Gastritis is an inflammation of the mucous layer of gastric tissues, which causes malfunctioning of the stomach and disrupts the processes associated with food processing. The result of such deviations is an insufficient amount of energy produced by the body and, as a consequence, a general weakness and a decline in strength. In addition, when gastritis appears a number of concomitant symptoms, delivering discomfort and pain. This includes the severity of the stomach, heartburn with eructations and vomiting, an unpleasant odor from the mouth, diarrhea, or constipation.
Scientific medical articles and literature say that, like any inflammatory process, gastritis can acquire acute and chronic forms. The first has an inactive character and its cause is most often short-term effects of strong stimuli. Although the aggravation can also be caused by previous long-term processes, such as regular abuse of alcohol, formed dysbiosis, negative reactions caused by other diseases and the presence of infection. In the chronic form of gastritis, the main danger lies in the pathology of the mucous membrane, as a result of which the glands that produce gastric juice lose their functionality. In addition, the tissue structure is filled with atypical cells, which subsequently leads to the formation of ulcers and can become the foundation for the precancerous state. The very damage to the mucous acid or alkaline substances can result in a fatal outcome.
In many scientific articles, the bacteriological component of gastritis has been discovered and proven. The main focus here is the microorganism Helikobakter Pilori. Its harmful effects on the stomach can also provoke the formation of ulcers and cancerous tumors. This bacterium is able to neutralize the acidic environment with the help of ammonia, which is formed as a result of the decomposition of urea in interaction with its secret. Such changes provoke the formation of acute gastritis with increased acidity. The result of the vital activity of this microorganism in the stomach is the damage of the epithelial ball with the formation of wounds and ulceration.
Other causes of gastritis may be processes not related to the presence of microbes in the stomach. This includes inflammation caused by frequent use of alcohol with a high alcohol content, which also has a negative effect on the acid-base balance in the stomach. Also, a certain danger is represented by anti-inflammatory drugs from the non-steroid group. Their action blocks the work of prostaglandins, which synthesize mucus, which protects the walls of the stomach from the action of hydrochloric acid. In addition, the causes of gastritis can be stomach trauma and surgery to remove parts of it.
This article contains information on the most frequent variants of development and the causes of this disease.