Helminthiasis is a disease caused by ingestion of helminths. When infecting the human body, parasites select vital nutrients, while secreting toxins( poisons).The poisoning is caused by the absorption of red blood cells by parasites and the suppression of immunity.
Parasites have a negative effect on the work of all organs and systems of the body. Worms lead to poisoning, damaging tissues and releasing toxins. Increased probability of entry into the body of infection.
Poisons of helminths - irreparable harm to health
Intoxication rarely appears immediately after infection, mostly the first manifestations come in a few weeks or even months. The first manifestations of poisoning are nausea, vomiting, refusal of food. Due to intoxication from worms in children, growth and development are retarded. This is due to the protein fasting of the body. Also, cytokines that depress immunity are secreted.
In helminths there are mechanisms of disguise from the host's immune system, so the presence of parasites in the body remains unnoticed. Meanwhile, the release of harmful substances that cause poisoning of the body continues. Worm poisoning occurs in any organ in which parasites are present, even in the heart and brain.
Even the most powerful immune defense of a person in the presence of parasites and their toxins in the body may not respond to their presence, an asymptomatic course of helminth poisoning is noted.
Signs of intoxication with helminths
The most vivid manifestation of human worm poisoning is a sharp loss of body weight, pale skin, tired appearance, and itching in the anal area. In patients, bloating and diarrhea are observed. The reason for the appearance of such symptoms of worm poisoning is caused by their finding in the small intestine and irritation of its walls.
Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea also refers to signs of parasite poisoning. Other manifestations of the gastrointestinal tract are unpleasant sensations and pain in the abdomen.
Because of the effects of toxins, appetite can change, either in the direction of amplification or until food is completely abandoned. Glistular poisoning is the cause of anorexia. Obesity is an unusual sign of parasite poisoning. The weight adjustment program in this case should be carried out only after getting rid of the worms.
More serious consequences of toxins of worms - anemic syndrome. Many worms feed on the blood of the body in which they live. By damaging the wall of the intestine, parasites can promote the development of ulcers and cause bleeding from them. It should also be taken into account that the effects of helminth poisons cause poisoning of the hematopoiesis.
The presence of intoxication with the development of anemic syndrome, especially in children, will lead to a delay in physical development, even with increased appetite.
Disorders of the nervous system, psyche - nonspecific manifestations of intoxication by worms. To the blood come toxins, a high level of which causes:
- mood swings;Flash rage
- rapid fatigue;
- neuroses and psychoses;
- is depressed.
Signs can also be caused by chronic poisoning with worms.
Body reaction to toxins of helminths
Glistular poisons desensitize the body, which is manifested by allergic rashes on the skin and mucous membranes, itching of the skin. Allergic response to parasites comes from the respiratory system, up to the development of bronchospasm. The patient can split his nails, appear fragility of hair and nails.
Intoxication leads to a significant deterioration in the performance of the protective system. This is manifested by exacerbation of chronic diseases. There is inflammation of the upper respiratory tract( sinusitis, sinusitis), oral cavity( stomatitis).Inflammation of the reproductive system in young girls and adolescents is considered possible due to the presence of helminthic invasion. Snoring and gnashing of teeth in a dream are bright signs of the presence of worms in a child.
Joint pain in muscles arises from toxins. When worms migrate through the body, they choose a place for their vital activity in tissues where there is a lot of protein.
Helminth poisoning leads to the robbing of the body, causing a catastrophic deficiency of vitamins. Over time, the negative impact of helminth poisons on the nervous system leads to the development of chronic fatigue, syncope.
While the worms are parasitizing in the body, they release a lot of harmful substances. The faster the multiplication of parasites and the accumulation of their products of vital activity, the more pronounced the symptoms of intoxication of the organism.