Regular consumption of red caviar reduces the risk of heart and vascular diseases, reduces cholesterol in the blood, increases immunity, slows down the aging process.
The most common species are black( sturgeon) and red( salmon).There are also pink( pollock) and yellow - pike, vobla, zander, tarani.
Sometimes, opening a jar of delicacy, you can find a small worm in it. At once there is a question, how worms get into red caviar and what to do? Is it possible to eat such a product without destroying one's own health?
According to statistical data, almost all of the sea and river fish are infected with various types of worms, respectively, caviar too. But do not panic. The methods of industrial processing guarantee complete neutralization of the product from helminths. Therefore, buying ready products, you should not be afraid of parasites. But preparing it at home, you need to be careful and avoid deviations from processing technology.
Worms in caviar - red, black, river fish
These parasites can live in the listed products:
- a wide ribbon, causing diphyllobothriasis. The larval forms of this helminth are encapsulated, that is, they are under the shell. Outwardly they resemble rice grains. A wide ribbon can live in the gastrointestinal tract of lovers of salted pike, perch or red caviar. When introduced into the human body from young forms, a worm grows up to 12 meters or more in length. Parasitize the worm can very long time - up to 15 years, causing chronic poisoning. The main manifestations of this helminthiasis are weakness, frequent cephalalgia, deterioration of appetite, dyspeptic disorders of various types. On the skin appear rashes, which cause discomfort. Most of the young forms of parasites can be found in red caviar;
- anisakids are round parasites that cause anisakidosis in humans. Eggs of these worms are infected with more than 80% of the species of sea fish and red caviar. The appearance of these worms is characterized by light shades - white, beige or sand colored, twisted into a spiral. When introduced into the human body, parasites can cause dystrophic changes in the intestinal wall, as these worms are introduced into the mucous wall of the stomach and intestines;
- trienophorosis is found in pike roe, less often in perches, omul, grayling, catfish. In appearance, these are milk-white worms 2-4 cm long and 2-4 mm wide. This disease is often found in freshwater inhabitants, although it happens in marine life;
- opisthorchiasis - mainly affects the family of cyprinids, but more recently, cases of infection have increased after the use of predatory fish and its eggs - pike, peled( raw).Unlike other worms, the appearance can not be determined whether the fish is infected with opisthorchiasis, since the very opisthorchis itself is very small and can be detected only under a microscope. Therefore, in this case, you should be especially careful.
How to avoid getting helminths from homemade caviar?
To continue to enjoy delicious and useful caviar prepared at home and not be afraid of infection with worms, you need to remember a few simple rules for its preparation:
- never taste the raw caviar - this is the most likely cause of infection;
- all utensils after cooking should be boiled for disinfection;
- at home, the product must be decontaminated as follows: discarded on a sieve or colander and placed in boiling salt solution for 30 seconds( 1 glass of salt per 1 liter of water);
- cold disinfection is also effective, but the aging time should be observed. At a temperature of -12 ° C - 3 days, at -8 ° C - 7 days, at -4 ° C - 10 days.
These simple measures will help prevent possible negative consequences and exclude the possibility of parasites entering the body.