In the process of pharmacological treatment of enterocolitis, the possibility of manifesting the etiology of an infectious disease is initially taken into account. If there is one, then actions are taken to eliminate them, only then begins taking drugs to get rid of enterocolitis.
Sulfonamide drugs are the first to be prescribed by a doctor. In the first few days, a dose of 1 g 6 times is prescribed for 24 hours, then reduced to 4 times, and later up to 3 times. The course of treatment with such drugs includes taking 22-25 g. Ftalazol, Sulgin and others can be prescribed. An effective agent is Enteroseptol, which belongs to the oxyquinoline series. With a persistent case and left-sided enterocolitis, it can be prescribed along with the use of enemas.
Antibiotics for enterocolitis
A very useful solution for enterocolitis is the administration of antibiotics, such as: Levomycetin, Terramycin and other drugs related to the tetracycline series. Assigned to 500 000 - 100 000 units for 24 hours. Recently, drugs for medical use are Oletettrin, Polymyxin and others. If an increase in the body temperature is expressed, intramuscularly can be prescribed: neomycin, monomycin and other parenteral antibiotics.
When antibiotics are used, the development of dysbacteriosis is quite typical. It can cause significant damage to intestinal activity. That is why when enterocolitis Nystatin or Colibacterin is prescribed.
Other medications for enterocolitis
If enterocolitis is caused by an allergic reaction, then medications such as diphenhydramine, calcium chloride or lactate, Suprastin and others are prescribed.
In the case of persistent diarrhea, enveloping and light tannins are prescribed, also possible with small dosages of opium tincture. In such cases, it is advisable to decide the appointment of entericolite medicines of plant origin: infusions of St. John's wort, yarrow, plantain and others.
With strong painful sensations with enterocolitis, injection of 0.1% solution of atropine sulfate, Benzazine or Temazinc is prescribed. If spasms have a less pronounced form, then preparations are prescribed: Papaverine hydrochloride, No-Shpa.
Since, with enterocolitis, vitamin deficiency is observed, the patient is recommended to use drugs thiamine, pyridoxine, nicotinic or ascorbic acid. In a severe case, in the absence of bleeding and ulcers, drug treatment with corticosteroids or their analogues of synthetic origin is performed with allowance for secretory gastric functionality.
If protein deficiency is expressed, treatment is carried out by fractional transfusion of blood and plasma, as well as protein hydrolysates. If there is a strong dehydration of the body, then calcium chloride, isotonic sodium chloride solution and similar drugs are prescribed.