Synovitis of the knee joint is characterized by inflammation of the inner layer of the articular surface, as a result of which an excess liquid is collected in it. The main cause of the disease can be trauma, allergic manifestations, age-related changes, arthritis. The exudative component can occur without visible damage to the knee - against the background of sprains or as a result of joint instability.
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The main symptom of synovitis is a sharp increase in the knee joint, painfulsyndrome, decreased motor function, increased temperature.
Important! If an infection occurs with the flow of blood into the joint cavity, purulent synovitis may develop.
Treatment must necessarily be comprehensive, taking into account the cause, severity of development and the nature of the course of the disease. To eliminate inflammation, specialists conduct activities to identify the cause of the appearance of effusion( fluid), as well as the removal of pain and recovery of the motor function of the knee.
In the chronic form of the disease, pathological changes in the cartilaginous tissue and deformation of the joint are possible, so therapy should be immediate. Doctors prescribe conservative treatment, which includes: pathogenetic therapy, restorative physical exercises and physiotherapy.
Surgery is performed as a last resort: if there is a threat to the life of the patient or the lack of a positive effect with medical treatment. To accelerate recovery, additional and alternative therapies of are used:
- reception of special medications;
- stabilization of the diseased joint;
- reception of vitamin - mineral complexes;
- folk remedies.
Primary stage of treatment
To ensure complete rest, a stabilizing bandage or knee is applied to the inflamed patch of the knee joint for 5-7 days. In more serious cases, it is possible to support a sore spot with a tire. The patient is recommended in the early days to undergo a course of hypothermia - cold treatment.
Warning! Long-term immobilization( immobility method) can lead to complications, for example, joint stiffness.
The effective methods of treatment include the use of special drugs that reduce inflammation. They can be divided into several groups:
Produced in the form of tablets, injections, ointments. Sometimes the administration of rectal suppositories is prescribed, which reduces the load on the digestive tract. At home, the following drugs are used: analgin, ketonal, diclac. It is recommended to lubricate the sore spot with ointment: diclofenac, ketonal, voltaren, indomethacin.
Inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes
Are prescribed for chronic disease, accompanied by a large amount of effusion and infiltration of the joint tissue.
Important! Chronic synovitis of the knee joint can, in time, go into a more serious form: deforming arthrosis, if a timely examination is not performed and proper treatment is prescribed.
Corticosteroids( steroid hormones)
Enter the inside of the affected joint tissue in case of severe disease or run-up form. It can be: Kenalog 40, hydrocortisone, dexazone and others.
Microcirculation regulators - nicotinic acid, ATP, tiatriazolin.
Are introduced into the joint cavity to suppress the growth and reproduction of the infection, as well as when confirming the bacterial origin of synovitis. Treatment with antibiotics can last no more than 10 days.
Important! Medicinal preparations should not be taken alone! For the fastest recovery and the appointment of the right treatment, you need to contact a specialist.
Folk remedies - treatment at home
For relief of symptoms and acceleration of the treatment of synovitis of the knee joint, in combination with traditional methods of therapy, a reliable assistant becomes folk medicine
Important! Failure to cope with the disease "Grandma's means" is not able. They are used only with the agreement of the attending physician.
The cause of synovitis may be an allergy, and some herbs contribute to this manifestation. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undergo a full medical examination for an accurate diagnosis.
There are several folk remedies that proved most effective:
- For its preparation in 1 liter of water, dissolve 4 tbsp.l.salt( can be sea), poured into molds and put in a freezer until completely frozen.
- The required number of ice cubes( depends on the size of the inflammation) and apply to the joint.
- The resulting melt water is not wiped, and the knee is wrapped with a woolen shawl for 3-4 hours.
The procedure must be performed daily until the effect is obtained.
A perennial plant that possesses an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, wound-healing agent. Decoctions and infusions reduce pain, relieve inflammation, promote rapid healing.
A glass of ground grass mixed with 200 gr.pork lard( twist on a meat grinder) and insist a week in a cold place. The received ointment is applied to the damaged area 2 r./d.
Infusion for ingestion
150 gr.chopped roots flooded 500 years.vodka and insist two weeks in a cool place. Take 1 tsp.before eating.
1 tbsp.l.milled leaves to fall asleep in a thermos and steaming a glass of steep boiling water. Chill the broth and divide into 2 portions, each of which should be drunk before meals for a month. The agent can be used as a compress.
Infusion of a mixture of herbs
- to mix in equal quantities crushed herbs: thyme, oregano, yarrow, white mistletoe, echinacea, tansy, as well as birch leaves and walnut;
- 1 tbsp.l.herbs pour 2 cups of boiling water and insist for about an hour.
The resulting broth is filtered and drunk during the day in equal portions.
The Bay leaf is the strongest antiseptic, has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic, it is able to remove waste materials from the body. Accepted externally as a bath, wiping, and internally - broths and infusions.
Oil based on home-made spices
2 tbsp.crushed laurel leaf pour a glass of oil( vegetable, olive, corn, palm) and insist in a dark place for 7 days. They are used only as rubbing, combining with the massage of a sick place.
10 g of bay leaves boil for 5 minutes.in 300 ml of water. Remove the pan from the fire, wrap it well with a blanket and leave to stand for 3 hours. Obtain the broth and drink completely before going to bed. The product must be prepared daily, as the next day the medicinal properties disappear. The course of treatment: 3 days, 7 days - break, 3 days again the reception of broth. In a year it is recommended to repeat.
Tincture of black walnut
It is believed that helminths aggravate the condition of the patient. To purify the body of parasites apply tincture of black walnut - an effective antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, restorative. In addition, it is a powerful antioxidant and immunostimulant, which cleanses the blood and fights with various kinds of infections. Take the medicine for 1 tsp / 3 times a day before meals. The course of treatment - 2-3 weeks, depending on the severity of the disease.
Folk remedies are quite accessible, they can be prepared independently at home without much effort.
Warning! Due to the strong biological activity of medicinal plants, incompatibility with prescribed medications is possible. Before receiving folk remedies, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
Synovitis of the knee joint is a disease that can be treated, but for a full recovery it is necessary to spend a lot of strength and patience, as well as fully implement all the recommendations of the treating doctor.