1 What are the symptoms of
? The vegetative dystonia can be of different types. So, it is allocated VSD on hypertonic type( that is it is accompanied by high pressure), on cardial type, and also the mixed variant.
Many experts attribute this violation to polymorphic diseases. This means that in different people its signs can manifest themselves in different ways. The low pressure itself does not mean anything. There is a so-called primary hypotension, in which such a situation is only a physiological variant of the norm, and a person does not experience any discomfort, and sometimes even does not know that blood pressure is lowered.
Patients with hypotonic type of symptoms have a wide variety of symptoms: weakness, fatigue, drowsiness, propensity for motion sickness, sometimes even fainting, dizziness on rising. After a night's sleep there is no feeling of cheerfulness, and in the second half of the day there is often a feeling of apathy and severe fatigue. There is a meteorological dependence. Often disturb unpleasant sensations in the field of heart. However, this is not the only manifestation of it on the part of the heart. There may be pain in the left side of the chest, at the time of nervous tension - arrhythmia, and in general, too rare or frequent heartbeat. All this - signs not only VSD, but also hypotension. Sometimes panic attacks may occur.
And there are a number of symptoms that can be called contradictory. For example, this is a sharp reddening or whitening of the skin for no apparent reason, shortness of breath, problems with stools, flatulence, even hiccups. If you take all the signs together, you can come to the conclusion that a similar picture accompanies other diseases. For example, some of these symptoms manifest themselves in anemia, cervical osteochondrosis. They can accompany and tuberculosis, and peptic ulcer. So the diagnosis can be made only by the attending physician and only after a comprehensive examination.
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2 Diagnostic methods
Specialist will certainly insist that the patient must pass a general blood test, as well as pass the ECG and ultrasound of internal organs. After all, the attending physician must exclude other diseases before making such a diagnosis. In some cases, a tomography of the cervical and spine is prescribed to exclude a hernia and osteochondrosis. All this is especially important if the patient has a hereditary predisposition to diseases of the endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, etc. If necessary, the patient can consult with an endocrinologist, pulmonologist or gastroenterologist. But, as a rule, a cardiologist or a neurologist will treat vegetovascular dystonia.
This specialist diagnoses dystonia only if no abnormalities are detected in the internal organs, and the main symptom worrisome to the patient will be a persistent decrease in pressure. And the pressure should be measured at different times, under different loads and conditions.
3 Possible causes of the pathology
With this disease it can seem that everything hurts: head, heart, stomach. But even the most thorough diagnosis, including ultrasound and MRI, will not detect any pathologies, because the disease affects the vascular and autonomic nervous system. In a simplified form, you can imagine this. The parasympathetic nervous system responds in the body to a state of rest. The sympathetic nervous system acts when you experience stress. The activation of this part also affects the vascular system, because under stress begins increased blood supply to the muscles. But there are no separate nervous "branches" in the body. To each organ the nerves of the parasympathetic and sympathetic parts are suitable. And when the balance between their actions is violated, symptoms of VSD manifest themselves.
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Thus, various factors can influence the development of the VSD by hypotonic type, but most often it provokes stress and hormonal disorders. Not without reason, hypotonic dystonia is often observed in adolescents and pregnant women: in both cases, hormonal changes in the body occur.
4 Treatment and emergency measures
In Western countries, there is no such diagnosis as VSD, it is considered only diseases, the sign of which it is. Many domestic doctors say that VSD is not a disease, but a complex of disorders from the vascular system. Be that as it may, for the patient it is important to treat the VSD, to take some preventive measures, since with time the symptoms can become aggravated. So, if it is caused by stress, you need to eliminate the very problem: for example, take a vacation or at least revise the home schedule to ensure a full rest. In the absence of contraindications, you can and should do sports, take long walks in the fresh air. Especially since there are special exercises of physiotherapy exercises, breathing exercises have been developed. Experts believe that it does not hurt and therapeutic massage.
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Of course, dystonia for the hypotonic type makes us reconsider the way of life. We will have to take care of rational nutrition, sleep and rest, about hardening procedures, including water. Remember that exercise will only benefit if they are moderate. From sports at the professional level will have to be abandoned, as well as from exercises that require sharp movements and too rapid changes in body position. And still need to give up bad habits. As banal as it sounds, smoking and alcohol should be completely ruled out.
Since stress is still a psychological problem, in some cases prescribe appropriate pharmaceutical preparations from the category of antidepressants and other similar drugs. Especially important is the help of a neurologist and a psychotherapist in the presence of panic attacks.
Sometimes doctors prescribe phytotherapy. Basically, these drugs have a general strengthening effect. These may be tinctures of magnolia vine or ginseng, an extract of Eleutherococcus. However, only specialists can prescribe such funds, they can not deal with self-medication.
5 Useful recommendations
If you experience dizziness, general weakness, heaviness in your head, there is a remedy that will help you quickly regain strength. It is enough to drink a cup of strong and sweet black tea or coffee, some experts also recommend cocoa. Such drinks give a quick, albeit short-term effect. But alcohol, which is often recommended by folk medicine, experts do not recommend drinking, because it gives a twofold effect.
First, under the influence of alcohol, the vessels expand, and then their narrowing occurs.
Since in hypotonic type dystonia the pressure is so low, under the influence of such factors, even fainting is possible.
If the hands and feet are very cold in the IRR, blood circulation can be improved by contrasting trays. For example, you can hold your hands literally 2-3 seconds in hot water, and then as much - in the cold. But hot baths, the more lengthy in time, should not be taken.