Often developed ENT diseases can not be cured at home. Then you have to see a doctor for the appointment of a course of drug therapy. In the treatment of various pharyngitis, sinusitis and other problems use antibacterial drugs - antibiotics. Very well proved to be a drug cefazolinovogo number - Zimaks.
Composition, form, package
The active substance of the preparation Zimaks is cefixime.
It belongs to general antibiotics.
Available in the form of granules or powder for the preparation of liquid suspension, capsules, coated tablets.
The vial with the granules together with the dispensing spoon is placed in a cardboard box.
Tablets or capsules are packed in blisters of 5-10 pieces, one blister in a cardboard package.
The manufacturer of this drug is the Turkish pharmaceutical company Bilim Ilach San Teek. A.S.Istanbul.
Zimaks is a broad spectrum drug. It is used to treat diseases of various complications of the upper respirator
y tract, lower parts, ENT organs caused by susceptible to the active drug substance - cefaxime pathogens:
- scarlet fever;
- otitis media;
- pneumonia( and atypical).
Also given treatment with this means of infection of the skin, soft tissues, urinary tract diseases. A peptic ulcer caused by Heliktobacter Pilori is also treated with cefixime, used in complex therapy.
Doctor Komarovsky tells what diseases do they need antibiotics:
The main contraindication to the use of Zimaks is hypersensitivity to antibiotics of the cefazolin group. It is also forbidden to take the drug to people with hepatic, renal insufficiency. Do not give medicine in the form of tablets or capsules to children under 2 years old. For small children, the drug is released in the form of a suspension.
Mechanism of action
Zimaks is an antibiotic of the 3-generation cefazolin group. It affects the synthesis of cells of microorganisms. Affects various bacterial infections caused by aerobic or anaerobic, Gram-positive, and Gram-negative microorganisms. Under the influence of the drug are some strains of staphylococci, streptococci and enterobacteria.
Instructions for use
Take Zymax inside, with a small amount of purified water. For adults, as well as children older than 12 years of age, the daily dose does not exceed 400 mg on average. It is possible to divide it into 2 receptions.
The daily dose for young children, whose weight does not exceed 50 kg, should be 4-9 mg / kg. In special cases, the dose is allowed to be increased to 12 mg / kg.
It is also divided into 2-3 receptions. Children less than 8 years of age are prescribed a drug in the form of a suspension. At the age of 2-4 years 5 ml / day, 5-8 years 10 ml / day.
The average duration of the standard course is 7 days. When treating infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, it is necessary to increase the duration of treatment to 10 days or more.
If the kidney function is impaired, the doctor will prescribe the necessary dosage. Depending on the severity of the disease, the average daily intake can be reduced by 25%.Patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, the entire daily dose reduced in half.
Side effects of
Quite often when taking the drug there are undesirable side effects. These can include allergic reactions in the form of hives, itching, redness of the skin, exudative erythema, epidermal necrolysis. Also, side effects include:
- headaches, tinnitus, frequent dizziness;
- nephritis, impaired normal kidney function;
- from the digestive tract: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, epigastric pain, dysbacteriosis, enterocolitis, cholestasis;
- changes in laboratory parameters, such as an increase in hepatic transamiaz activity, an increase in the amount of urea nitrogen, a change in prothrombin time;
- development of hypovitaminosis of B group vitamins, candidamycosis.
Taking the drug in large doses can provoke an increase in side effects. There is a neurotoxic syndrome, manifested by a violation of behavior, hallucinations.
Treatment for overdose is the rapid washing of the stomach. Further, supportive and symptomatic medication is provided, including the administration of glucocorticoids, antihistamines, transfusion of infusion solutions, and if necessary artificial ventilation. The use of hemodialysis with an overdose of Zymax is not effective.
The preparation Zimaks should be prescribed with extreme caution to elderly patients. It is also necessary to accurately prescribe patients who have a history of chronic renal failure or pseudomembranous colitis.
With long-term administration of the drug, it is possible to disrupt the existing microflora of the intestine, which can contribute to the development of severe diarrhea. Breast-feeding mothers are recommended to stop breastfeeding for the duration of the drug.
How to take antibiotics, see in our video:
Application Zimaks together with gamma-aminobutyric acid increases the risk of neurotoxicity.
Reviews about the drug
Reviews about the drug Zimaks doctors and patients are especially positive. With the use of the drug, patients quickly recover. The risk of side effects is very small and with proper dosing does not have a harmful effect on the body.
Price for Zimaks
The price of Zimaks in different pharmacies varies from 400 to 550 rubles.
The preparation Zimaks has many analogues. These include Vinex, Iksim, Orfiks, Fareksim. The action of analogs is exactly the same. The pronounced antibacterial effect helps to cope even with severe pneumonia and bronchitis.
The cheapest analogue of Zimax can be considered Cefalexin. The price for such a drug is several times smaller, and the action is completely identical.
In the photo analogues of the drug Zimaks
Synonyms of the medicine
The synonyms of the drug Zimaks can be considered as: Zeff, Supraks, Soleksin.
Terms of dispensing from pharmacies
Zimaks is released only by prescription.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Store the drug at room temperature not more than 30 degrees and out of the reach of small children and adolescents. The maximum shelf life of the product is 2 years. Do not use the medicine at the end of the expiration date.