In the form of clinical manifestations, two types of lambliasis are distinguished: primary invasion( acute infection), prolonged course of the disease( chronic form).As practice shows, primary infection is rarely diagnosed. And all because it has a fairly short incubation period and proceeds swiftly( 5-7 days).In adults, the acute phase proceeds without any symptoms. Children may experience dyspepsia and diarrhea without blood and mucus. But their appearance is small, who associates with the appearance of simple flagellar microorganisms. Any signs of a malaise are written off for indigestion, so the unit is treated by a doctor. This fact explains why the intestinal infection quickly passes into the category of chronic pathologies. The story of how Giardia manifests itself must be started with a description of the classification of Giardiasis.
The manifestation of Giardiasis can be different. Summarizing the general symptoms, it is common to distinguish two stages of the disease:
- Latent( asymptomatic).
- Manifest( bright manifestations).
The manifest infection has several forms of manifestation:
Clinical manifestations of Giardiasis
Giardiasis in adults and children manifests itself in different ways. In young patients, intestinal infection is expressed in the form of multiple diarrhea, nausea, severe pain in the right hypochondrium, severe swelling of the intestine. Vomiting also becomes possible. Such a period lasts a week. If you do not start treatment in time, the disease will gradually go to a chronic stage. In adults, the acute phase of giardiasis usually develops without any visible symptoms. There are some indications of malaise, but they are not associated with the described disease in any way. That's why almost always during the examination is diagnosed the prolonged course of the disease. The clinical manifestations of giardiasis are similar to the symptoms of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Patients complain of:
- Aching pain in the right hypochondrium or around the navel.
- Dryness and bitterness in the mouth.
- Decreased appetite.
- Sleep disturbance.
The tongue appears yellow coating, with palpation of the projection of the gallbladder, painful sensations are noted. Symptoms of chronic giardiasis can be associated with superficial changes from the skin. It can appear rashes in the form of hives, dermatitis, neurodermatitis, eczema.
The form of Giardiasis with the predominance of allergic manifestations is often accompanied by bronchial asthma or asthmatic bronchitis, the appearance of eosinophilic pulmonary infiltrates, persistent blepharitis. Such manifestations are the consequences of the general intoxication of the organism, the reduction of the general immunity, the unsatisfactory state of the adapted systems. Almost all patients who are subsequently diagnosed with protracted lambliasis, paleness of skin, or uneven skin color, dyskinesia of the bile ducts are revealed. Some doctors pay attention to the presence of manifestations associated with the disruption of the nervous system. In children, there is increased tearfulness, in the elderly, mild forms of depression. Weakness, general apathy, fast fatigue, constant irritability, dizziness - this is the main list of signs that can force everyone to seek help from specialists.
The most dangerous manifestation of giardiasis is irritable bowel syndrome. It significantly worsens the general condition of the patient, aggravates the course of the disease, significantly reduces the quality of human life.
Giardiasis is an insidious infection, a variety of clinical symptoms complicate the process of diagnosis. In infected people, the chronic course of Giardiasis can provoke the appearance of changes in the cardiovascular system. In adolescence, because of giardias, hypertension may appear, and patients often have extrasystolic arrhythmia. Knowing how lambliosis manifests, what pathological phenomena it is capable of provoking, it is possible to recognize the first signs of infection in time and seek medical help without waiting for the transition of the acute phase to chronic.
The various symptoms of lambliasis determine the overall strategy for treating the patient. There is a general treatment regimen. It consists of medical therapy designed to destroy the simplest microscopic parasites, reduce toxins, restore bowel function, and carry out a complex of measures to restore general and local immunity. To accelerate the recovery process help traditional medicine and a special diet.