Medical treatment of enteritis is primarily aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease, rather than getting rid of the causes of the inflammatory process, and should be carried out simultaneously with compliance with the diet. What medicines can be prescribed for enteritis?
In the treatment of enteritis, the use of antibiotics or sulfonamides is mandatory. Such therapy involves when the upper sections of the gastrointestinal tract are infected, and foci of infection, for example, cystitis or pyelitis, and others, are used as an accompanying lesion, it is possible to use antibiotics, sulfonamides and drugs from the oxyquinoline series that have antibacterial and antiprotozoalproperties. The latter, however, have serious effectiveness, and, therefore, are appointed rarely and with special care. Reception of these drugs is carried out a short course and under the supervision of a specialist.
When enteritis is not prescribed antibiotics, which can cause pseudomembranous colitis. Such are: Ampicillin, Lincomycin, Clindamycin. Negative effects on the epithelial layer of the intestine tetracycline derivatives of the drug and Monomycin, however, they do not have a vivid expression, and, therefore, they should not be abandoned.
Antibiotics for enteritis such as Erythromycin, Levomycetin, Rifampicin, Oleandomycin can also be used.
After their use, bacterial preparations are prescribed, for example, Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin and others. These drugs are used to restore the intestinal microflora.
Steroid preparations for enteritis
As an essential prerequisite for the assimilation of protein, and the effect of anabolic steroids has been realized, adequate intake of fats and carbohydrates is advocated. Simultaneously, taking these medications with enteritis helps to restore body mass. For these interests are prescribed Lipofundin or Intralipid, which are administered intravenously when calculating 1-2 g per 1 kg of body weight. It is also possible to take 20-25% glucose solution for 300-500 ml, taking into account a dose of 0.5 g per 1 kg of body weight.
Vitamins for Enteritis
With developing polyhypovitaminosis, B group vitamins and ascorbic acid are found under the skin or intramuscularly. When medicamentous treatment of enteritis for oral administration, folic acid will be prescribed at 0.005 g per day, and if calcium absorption is impaired and osteoporosis begins to develop, it is recommended that an alcohol solution of Ergocalciferol or Videcho be applied to 3000 IU.
When iron deficiency can be prescribed drugs such as: Maltofer, Ferrocal, Ferrum-lek, Aktiferin and others. Their reception is carried out by a long course, and it is necessary to continue treatment even after the normalization has come.
If the patient has a severe course of the disease with pronounced disturbances of the processes that are responsible for absorption and digestion, disorders of water-electrolyte equilibrium, then infusion replacement therapy can be performed. For these purposes, medicines are prescribed: Panangin tablets, vitamin B complex, calcium gluconate, protein hydrolysates, multivitamins and iron preparations.
Complementary medications for enteritis
To eliminate diarrhea, adsorbent tablets can be used. An antisecretory agent can have a good effect. Given that diarrhea is characterized by accelerated intestinal activity, Imodium may prove to be a very effective remedy for the elimination of diarrhea. In addition to such tablets, with enteritis it is allowed to take soothing tranquilizers.
Veterinary drugs are used to prevent the appearance of bloating and flatulence in enteritis.
When the functionality of the pancreas is broken with enteritis, substitution therapeutic measures are prescribed in the form of enzymatic medicines, for example, Festal, Mezim, Creon and others.
Great attention requires the emergence of dysbiosis. For its drug treatment, the use of probiotics - drugs, which contain the most useful bacteria that defeat harmful cells that disrupt the intestinal microflora - is recommended.
In conclusion, it should be said that treatment of enteritis is a difficult task, and it can not always be accomplished with a successful result, even despite such a large arsenal of pharmacological agents. Primarily it is possible to come to a state of remission and a relatively good course of the disease.