Nutrition in both cases excludes carbonated drinks, alcohol, coffee. Unlike the constant composition of authorized and prohibited products in pancreatic diseases, the menu for diseases of the gastric mucosa may include completely different dishes. Diet in pancreatitis and gastritis can not include offal, canned food, pickles, and snacks. Distinguish gastritis with reduced and high acidity.
In the first case, select products that stimulate the secretion of gastric juice. All of them are prohibited in other cases, because they will load the organs, provoking an attack. In specially designed diets called numbered, table number 5, 1 and 2 - this is nutrition with pancreatitis and gastritis, respectively, and, the first table is designed for high acidity, the second - at low.
Common features of nutrition in pancreatitis and gastritis
There are many products and principles on which nutrition is based on gastritis and pancreatitis( only increased acidity).Most products in the first and second dishes are wiped, cut, chopped with a meat grinder. This allows us to relieve the organs weakened by the disease. Fruits and medicines( enzyme-containing), are also called to help the pancreas and stomach in the processing of food components.
The principle of moderate, but frequent meals, the diet does not prohibit the variety of the dishes included in them. The necessary vitamins and trace elements must enter the body regularly, not only in special complexes, but also natural products. All diets are lifelong, therefore, patients with pancreatitis, cholecystitis and suffering from gastric discomfort should get used to them.
Differences in diets with gastritis and pancreatitis
The reduced acidity of the first disease requires stimulants, which are meat and fish broths that are forbidden in other cases. Here, coffee and cocoa are allowed and shown, the daily norms of butter( creamy) are not limited, raw vegetables are used in large quantities. Reduced acidity permits mushrooms, which in other cases are fraught with complications, and broths on them.
Folic acid, vitamins K, PP, B12, B2 are added to the food. The amount of salt is approximately the same, fluctuating within a daily rate of 8 to 12 g. Diets marked with additional letters are used for exacerbations, they are slightly stiffer, but they do not last long.
Menu for gastritis and pancreatitis
People who suffer from serious gastrointestinal diseases, doctors recommend individually to make a balanced menu that is useful and nutritious.
The basis of the dietary menu for gastritis, cholecystitis and pancreatitis are food products:
- fresh, boiled and steam vegetables and fruits( carrots, cauliflower, potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, apples, pears, dried fruits);
- low-fat fish and meat grades that underwent preliminary steam processing;
- various grades of cereals and cereals, except for millet;
- eggs, boiled soft-boiled and cooked steamed;
- bread from wheat flour of the highest grade;
- well ground and grated first courses with lean meat, vegetables and cereals;
- dairy products( cottage cheese, low-fat yogurt);
- drinks recommended for use in diets: loose tea and a decoction of dry hips.
Recipes for gastritis and pancreatitis
Gastritis and pancreatitis is not a sentence, so people with such diseases of the gastrointestinal tract can continue to enjoy life and not to deny themselves all manner of goodies. Specialists dieticians and gastroenterologists recommend to prepare such delicious and healthy dishes:
Recipe for aromatic banana cake
For its preparation you need to prepare in advance such products: two bananas, two peaches, half a liter of fat-free yogurt, dry biscuit, a glass of water and two packs of gelatin. Before the preparation process, it is necessary to dissolve gelatin in a glass of hot water, and then cool it and mix it with yoghurt. Then it is necessary to prepare a shape or container, which needs to be covered with foil. The main process of cooking is to create alternate layers of biscuits, a mixture of yogurt and gelatin, fruits. Ready cake can be decorated on top with pieces of a banana and cool in a cold place until it freezes.
Recipe for appetizing vegetable stew
Ingredients necessary for preparing this dietary dish: 5 potatoes and the same volume of pumpkin, 1 carrot and onion, 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil, greens. First you need to clean and cut the vegetables into cubes. Then it is important to lay them in a pan with layers: onions, potatoes, pumpkin, carrots. You can salt to taste and add a volume of water that would cover the food. After boiling it is necessary to add greengrocer and vegetable oil to the stew.