Life cycle of lamblia is extremely simple: they get into the mouth through dirty hands or contaminated foods, when drinking unboiled water. In the stomach lyamblii do not linger, the giardia cysts have a very strong shell, which does not dissolve under the action of gastric juices. That is why they successfully, together with partly digested food, get from the stomach to the small intestine and there, under the action of bile, the cysts degenerate into trophozoites, which actively parasitize, attaching themselves to villi mucous.
On the walls of the duodenum, where it is closest to the stomach, they like to parasitize giardias. It is in the upper parts of the small intestine, with the help of the sucking lamblia disc, that most often the lice are attached to the brushes, a focus of inflammation is formed on the attachment site, which sooner or later leads to an atrophic process. As a result, there are dysfunctions that disrupt the work of both the stomach and the intestinal tract. Trophozoites have several pairs of flagella, they help them to detach themselves from their ancestral place and move freely in the lumen of the intestine. Free swimming leads to the fact that lamblia easily penetrate into the upper pancreas. As a result - pancreatitis, severe pain in the abdomen from the left side.
That's why the symptoms of pancreatic giardiasis are similar to the symptoms of pancreatitis. Scientists have proved that giardia provoke a decrease in the production of enzymes. In order for this to happen, it is necessary first to get into the stomach, and then into the intestine of the sick person, a huge number of the simplest microorganisms.
Symptoms of lamblia in the stomach and pancreas
Symptoms of lesions of the stomach and intestinal tract are very specific. The patient may complain about:
- Frequent palpitations.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Increased sweating.
- Severe pain that occurs in the upper abdomen, in the region of the left hypochondrium. It can be given in the lower back and be circumlanguage. Painful sensations in the stomach subside, if the patient takes a certain position.
If the causes of pancreatic inflammation are Giardia, pancreatitis occurs in the acute phase. Such a disease does not affect the organs located below, it is easily treated, but only if you choose the right line of therapy. Therapy is carried out in hospital, the patient is prescribed drugs that help to remove pain in the abdomen and eliminate the main cause of inflammation of the intestinal tract - parasitism lamblia.
Ignore abdominal pain and pancreatitis in no case. Such negligence will lead to tissue necrosis. And this is the direct way to death. That's why when you have even minor anxiety symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help.
Of course, to catch the moment when lamblia get into the stomach is quite difficult. In some adult patients, even the acute intestinal form proceeds without apparent manifestations. Therefore, the acute phase easily flows into the chronic phase. Prolonged carriage is dangerous because the increase in the number of protozoan microorganisms becomes uncontrolled and impetuous. And this is the right way to infect not only the stomach or intestines, but also other internal organs, the pancreas including.
Which doctor should I consult if there is abdominal pain and suspected lambliasis? It is best to make an appointment with a gastroenterologist, if this is not possible, an appropriate therapist or family doctor who can at any time come to the patient's home, feel the stomach, collect anamnesis and make the necessary recommendations is able to designate the necessary diagnostic measures and make an effective treatment plan.