Acute forms of pancreatitis are stopped by two main methods - conservative therapy and surgical intervention. Both methods of treatment of acute pancreatitis are carried out only in a hospital, after a complete diagnostic examination and taking into account the overall clinical picture of the patient.
Conservative therapy includes a number of measures to relieve an attack and restore impaired pancreatic functions. Operative treatment of this disease is carried out in case of emergency, when the remaining methods did not bring the desired result, and the conservative method is powerless.
Conservative treatment of a disease such as acute pancreatitis includes drugs for suppressing the secretory function of the pancreas, normalizing the patient's electrolyte electrolyte balance and eliminating hypovolemia. Further in the course of conservative therapy, enzyme activity decreases and hypertension of pancreatic pathways is eliminated. The next stage of the conservative treatment of acute form of pancreatitis is the removal of microcirculatory disorders, the prevention of the normalization of the functions of the digestive system and the treatment of septic manifestations.
At the beginning of this method of treatment of acute manifestations of pancreatitis, the pain syndrome is coped, and then measures are taken to restore the impaired functions of the pancreas. Throughout the whole process of conservative therapy, the optimal oxygen content is maintained in the patient's body and cardiotonizing therapy is performed. Conservative therapy very effectively removes an attack of pancreatitis in most cases, with timely access to a doctor.
In case of failure of this method of treatment of acute pancreatitis, the doctor prescribes surgical intervention. Basically, it is due to the transition of the acute form of pancreatitis to the necrotic stage. The method of operative intervention is correlated with the severity of the disease and the patient's condition.
With sterile forms of necrosis, a lapraoscopic form of surgical intervention is prescribed. With the development of concomitant enzyme forms of peritonitis, surgical intervention in the form of abdominal drainage or puncture through the skin can be prescribed. In the most extreme or neglected cases of acute form of pancreatitis, an operative procedure in the form of a laparotomy operation can be prescribed.
Any form of surgical treatment must be strictly justified by the clinical picture of the patient and his condition, as well as the appropriate types of diagnosis.
Both conservative therapy and surgical intervention is prescribed by a doctor, only in a hospital setting. Remember that independent treatment, with the acute form of the disease can lead to death.