Diabetes mellitus is one of the most dangerous diseases, which is a violation of glucose metabolism in the body. It can occur in both men and women. But the representatives of the fair sex are subject to this disease much more. Therefore, the main signs of diabetes in women should be considered in detail.
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Causes of the development of the disease
Diabetes in women can develop as a result of such factors:
- Genetic predisposition. The likelihood that a child who has at least 1 of his parents has diabetes will also develop a rather high disease. Excess weight. Obesity leads to
disruption of metabolic processes in the body, including glucose.
- Diseases of the pancreas.
- Viral or infectious diseases. They can provoke the development of diabetes, especially in people with excessive body weight.
- Wrong way of life. This factor provides for irregular and irregular eating habits, sedentary habits, pernicious habits, constant stressful situations, emotional overstrain.
In such situations, the pancreas starts to function incorrectly. This leads to an inadequate production of insulin, which contributes to the regulation of sugar in the blood.
Initial signs of the disease
The risk of diabetes is the absence of symptoms at an early stage of development. Gradually, a woman can experience such ailments:
- Palms and feet begin to itch. Itching in diabetes mellitus in women is manifested by the irritation of the skin with a high amount of glucose.
- Slow growth, loss, brittle hair and nails. These symptoms occur as a result of metabolic disorders in the body.
- Lack of sleep. A woman experiences constant drowsiness and chronic fatigue. This is due to the lack of sugar in the cells of the brain.
- Long-term treatment of infectious or viral diseases. Since immunity decreases with decreasing blood sugar.
Usually, in the presence of such signs, women turn to a specialist for help. But, ignoring the ailments, the disease begins to progress and cause more serious and unpleasant symptoms.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
This type 1 disease manifests itself within a week. A woman begins to feel such ailments:
- a constant thirst;
- excessive urination;
- a woman significantly increases her appetite, but at the same time, she begins to lose weight;
- rapid fatigue, chronic fatigue;
- apathy and a constant desire to sleep;
- dry skin;
- impaired functioning of the visual apparatus;
- decreased sexual desire.
If you experience these symptoms, you should immediately contact a specialist for help. Adjusting lifestyle, diet and direct treatment will help quickly get rid of the disease. This form of diabetes is usually observed in women after 30 years.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
This is a more severe form of the disease, to which older women are prone. The most obvious signs in women after 50 years:
- skin itching;
- blurred vision;
- dermatological diseases of an infectious nature;
- slow healing of even minor wounds and lesions;
- excessive growth of facial hair;
- small growths on the body of a yellowish hue.
Usually improper nutrition for a long period of time leads to this pathology. At the time of the analysis, the urine contains protein breakdown products, the blood has an elevated glucose content.
It's important to remember! Diabetes in old age in women leads to a number of concomitant diseases! Therefore, to improve the condition requires complex therapy, as well as strict fulfillment of the prescribing physician's appointments.
Signs of the disease on the skin
How is diabetes mellitus in women on skin? The patient begins to experience a variety of uncomfortable sensations on the skin, namely: dryness, slow healing of wounds, brittle hair and nail plates and so on. Often the skin is affected by fungal diseases. Symptoms on the legs are usually small ulcers that gradually expand, which can lead to gangrene until amputation. Such a severe healing is associated with poor absorption of glucose, as a result of which it remains in the vessels and eventually becomes fat.
Diabetes mellitus in pregnant women
This pathology during pregnancy is usually asymptomatic. It is called gestational diabetes mellitus. It is possible to detect the disease only in the third trimester of pregnancy according to the results of the tests. At risk for developing this form of diabetes are women with such pathologies:
- hereditary predisposition to the disease;
- diabetes during previous pregnancy;
- excessive body weight;
- the weight of the previous child was more than 4 kg at birth;
- development of a large fetus;
- age over 35 years;
- high blood pressure of a pathological nature.
The risk of gestational diabetes in pregnant women is a negative impact on the future baby. There is a defeat of his central nervous system, which leads to inadequate development of the fetus. The baby begins to grow unevenly, then slowing down, then accelerating.
Future mother experiences such ailments:
- a sharp increase in body weight;
- profuse urination due to the large volume of urine;
- a constant sense of thirst;
- decreased activity, apathy, depressive state;
- decreased appetite until its complete loss.
Gestational diabetes requires continuous monitoring by the attending physician during the treatment period. Strict adherence to its recommendations, adherence to a special diet will help to create a comfortable baby's future for normal development.
It's important to remember! After the birth, the baby is required to undergo a complete examination! This will help in a timely manner to identify possible deviations and correct them with medication.
Diabetes insipidus: symptoms
Non-diabetes is a rare disease characterized by a disturbance of water metabolism in the body. This pathological process occurs as a result of an insufficient amount of the hormone vasopressin. The most common causes of this disease are:
- various malignant tumors;
- severe infectious diseases;
- encephalitis, meningitis;
- dysfunction of the cardiovascular system;
- aneurysms of cerebral vessels.
Factors that reduce the level of vasopressin are:
- a sharp increase in blood pressure;
- excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- overdose with a group of beta-blockers.
The first sign of diabetes insipidus is an increase in the volume of urine, which reaches 5 liters per day. A woman is constantly haunted by a thirst. Night urination to excrete urine leads to sleep disturbance, constant lack of sleep. The daily volume of urine gradually increases and can reach 20 liters per day. At the same time the woman gradually begins to feel such ailments:
- regular headaches;
- dryness and peeling of the skin;
- fragility of nail plates and hair loss;
- decreased salivation;
- Stretching of the stomach.
Disturbance of the normal functioning of the digestive organ leads to the appearance of pathological symptoms from the gastrointestinal tract. The patient has nausea, which sometimes leads to vomiting, as well as diarrhea and pain in the abdominal cavity.
In order to prevent the development of this disease, a woman needs to adhere to such rules:
- to comply with water balance;
- to eat properly and regularly;
- physical activity;
- to avoid stressful situations and emotional stress.
You should also remember to regularly check the specialists and take tests for blood sugar for preventive purposes. This is particularly true for women 30 years and above. This will help to diagnose the disease in time and start effective treatment.