The first symptoms of pancreatic disease in each manifest individually. But there are common signs. It is worth noting that in acute and chronic forms of pancreatitis the first symptoms are different. In acute pancreatitis, the disease immediately manifests itself in the surrounding pain syndrome, mushy stools, vomiting and nausea. For the first symptoms of a chronic form of pancreatic disease, the following differences are characteristic. At first the disease makes itself felt by regularly repeating constipations accompanied by bloating. If you do not pay attention to the violation, then eventually they lead to blockages and stasis, including the bile ducts and the pancreas directly. Usually, changes occur in the absence of regular physical activity. Further, the disease begins to progress. There is indigestion, after eating the patient feels a heaviness in the stomach, and after a while there are pains in the stomach zone. The pain is not strong, but very unpleasant. If the patient complains about these manifestations, it is necessary to examine it and send it for examination.
Symptoms of pancreatic disease
Symptoms of pancreatic disease are almost always associated with a violation of the metabolic processes of glucagon and insulin, but patients can complain about general malaise, decreased performance, deterioration of well-being and so on. In general, if the patients develop inflammation, then it manifests itself with pains that appear suddenly and accruing, digestive disorders and symptoms of intoxication of the body. Pain, as a rule, manifests itself in the upper part of the abdomen, or in the near-umbilical region - depending on the localization of the inflammatory process. Pain syndrome often occurs immediately after taking fatty, fried or spicy food or drinking alcohol. At the same time, the patient feels nauseous and vomiting, but they do not bring relief. Insufficient secretory activity causes digestive disturbances, which ultimately manifests itself as constipation or diarrhea. In addition, patients may complain of fever, severe and frequent ailments, dry mouth and a constant desire to drink.
What are the symptoms of a pancreas patient?
Usually, the symptoms of any pancreatic lesions are identical. Typically, these are diarrheal function disorders and pain syndromes. In some cases, local pain may occur, that is, having an exact place of origin, for example, in the near-umbilical zone. In other cases, pain can be shrouded when they arise from the forehead and move to the back. As a consequence, there is a violation of digestion, a decrease in appetite and weight loss. In addition, the patient complains of fatigue and weakness, "cardiac"( lower) arterial pressure rises. A patient with a diseased pancreas often experiences attacks of nausea and vomiting that does not bring relief. In some cases, the patient may feel pain in the spine( between the shoulder blades or in the cervico-thoracic region).And, almost all patients complain of such symptoms as flatulence, digestive disorders, "fermenting" processes and stool disorders. Similarly, patients can complain of pain syndrome in the heart area, while an electrocardiogram gives normal results. Some patients experience dehydration and fever.
Symptoms of pancreatic disorder
The pancreas is located quite close to other vital organs: the stomach, liver, heart, kidneys and spleen. Therefore, its disorders can have a detrimental effect on them. Often, pancreatic diseases develop rapidly, and the consequences are deplorable. Therefore, the state of this body should be monitored very closely. Symptoms of pancreatic function disorders are fairly standard:
- severe pain in the subcostal area and from the back;
- pains appear after taking a sharp, fried or fatty food, or taking alcohol;
- decreased appetite;
- at times there is a fever;
- the patient can complain of pain in the heart, while the ECG gives a positive result;
- at moments of exacerbation the patient feels nausea and vomiting, which does not bring him relief;
- a chair is broken( constipation and diarrhea may appear).
If the symptoms of chronic disease grow slowly, then in acute form the disease develops rapidly. Within a few hours, severe pains will not let the patient lie quietly. Often the patient himself is difficult to understand that he is troubled by the pancreas, since the pains are similar to the manifestations of osteochondrosis, shingles or pyelonephritis.
Treatment for symptoms of pancreatic disease
From the outset, it should be noted that the treatment of pancreatic diseases is always strictly individual and depends on the form of the disease, the severity, localization of inflammation, anamnesis, survey data and other factors. But treatment, in any case, should be carried out in a complex way:
- treatment of the causes of pathology;
- treatment of pathology with medicinal preparations, mainly protecting the pancreas;
- reception of vitamins and preparations of traditional medicine( for example, renal collection);
- physical activity and diet.
In addition, the treatment of the disease is accompanied by antiferment therapy, designed to stop the destructive processes in the pancreas. At the beginning of the treatment, the patient needs a bed rest. In some cases( mostly in acute form), the patient is prescribed a hunger diet( nutrition is administered intravenously).The strict diet of the patient is carefully developed, which lasts about three weeks. After this time, the patient again undergoes a checkup, and the doctor makes adjustments. Medicamentous treatment of lesions and disorders of the pancreas functions is carried out by choleretic, enveloping and sedative drugs.